State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile

State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile - New Mexico

June 2018

This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.

Kindergarten Requirements
What is the compulsory school age? Age 5 by September 1 N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-1-2
What is the state's kindergarten entrance age? Age 5 before September 1 N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-13-3;
N.M. Admin. Code
What age exemptions or waivers exist for kindergarten entrance? Not specified in statute, rules, or regulations.
Does the state require children to attend kindergarten? Yes N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-1-2;
N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-12-2
Does the state require the district to offer kindergarten and if so, full or half day? What exemptions exist for districts? Yes — Half-Day N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-13-3;
N.M. Admin. Code 6.30.5
How many hours are required for grades K-3? 2.5 hours per day or 450 per year. 5.5 hours per day or 990 hours per year for voluntary full-day kindergarten and grade 1-6. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-2-8.1
Teacher Quality
What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3? 1:15 or 2:20 with assistant for kindergarten. 1:22 average in grades one through three. 2:21 in grade one with a full-time assistant. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-10A-20
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in reading? Teacher preparation: At least 3 hours in the teaching of reading in subject matter content is required, in addition to 24 to 36 semester hours in at least one teaching field including reading.
Professional Development: Professional development grant for K-3 Plus programs to provide professional development to teachers in early literacy research and its implications for instruction. Professional Development/Grant Program: The K-3 plus grant program provides additional professional development to K-3 plus teachers in how young children learn to read. Professional development to teachers and teacher assistants in early literacy research and its implications for instruction.
N.M. Admin. Code 6.61.5;
N.M. Admin. Code 6.30.12;
N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-13-28
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in math? Teacher Preparation: Twenty-four to thirty-six semester hours in one teaching field including mathematics. Professional Development: Department of Education must provide professional development to K-3 Plus teachers in best practices in mathematics instruction. N.M. Admin. Code 6.61.5; N.M. Admin. Code 6.30.12
Does the state have an early learning endorsement or license specific to K-3? Early Childhood Education License, Pre-K to Grade 3. N.M. Admin. Code 6.61.12
School Readiness and Transitions
Are kindergarten entrance assessments required? All students in kindergarten must be administered the New Mexico kindergarten entry assessment within the first 30 instructional days of the school year. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-13-3.2
N.M. Admin. Code 6.30.5
What are states required to do with the results of the KEA? The data must be reported to the department of education. The results are used to determine the placement of students at instructional level and the effectiveness of kindergarten. N.M. Admin. Code 6.30.5
N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-13-3.2
Are there programs in place to guide the pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition process? Early Childhood Care and Education Council is charged with considering a system of seamless transition from parental care to early childhood programs to kindergarten. Systems should include tracking students data. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 32A-23A-5
Does the state have a statutory definition of school readiness? What do states use their definition of school readiness to inform? Not specified in statute, rules or regulation.
Assessment, Intervention and Retention
Are assessments required in grades K-3? Students enrolled in a K-3 Plus program must be assessed four times during their school year. Students in grade three are required to take standards-based assessments in mathematics, reading, and language arts. In one grade between grades three and five students must take a standards-based assessment in science. N.M. Admin. Code 6.30.12
N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-13-28
N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-2C-4
What do the results of K-3 assessments inform? K-3 Plus assessments are used to guide instruction to meet student needs. Third Grade mathematics, reading, and language arts assessment scores are made available to assist school district staff with grade-level and other placement. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-2C-4
N.M. Admin. Code 6.30.12
N.M. Admin. Code 6.30.5
Are there interventions available beginning in kindergarten? What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3? Optional full-day kindergarten: students who are under-performing on interim assessments receive targeted and intense interventions. K-3 Plus: schools must provide intervention services based on the Three-Tier Model of Student Intervention to students who are not meeting grade level requirements in math and reading. Reading Initiative: based on reading assessments, public schools must establish an individualized reading plan for students who fail to meet grade level reading proficiency standards. First through Third Grade: Interventions include tutoring, extended day or week programs, and summer programs. N.M. Admin. Code 6.30.5
N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-13-1.3: N.M. Admin. Code 6.30.12
N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-2C-6
Is there a third grade retention policy? Yes. Retention is an option based on the teacher and school principal recommendation. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-2c-6
Family Engagement
For those states with pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition guidance, is family engagement a requirement? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
For those states with third grade retention policies, is parental input required? Parental notification is required. If the parent opposes retention, the student is promoted to the next grade with an academic improvement plan. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-2C-6
Social-Emotional Learning
Where is social-emotional development emphasized in statute? Social and emotional development are emphasized in the early childhood licensure requirements. Teachers applying for an early childhood license are required to have knowledge of a child's social and emotional development. N.M. Admin. Code 6.61.8

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