State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile

State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile - Montana

June 2018


This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
 


Kindergarten Requirements
What is the compulsory school age? Age 7 by the first day of school Mont. Code Ann. § 20-5-102
What is the state's kindergarten entrance age? Age 5 on or before September 10 Mont. Code Ann. § 20-7-117
What age exemptions or waivers exist for kindergarten entrance? Opt-in: Age 5, board of trustees decision. Mont. Code Ann. § 20-7-117
Does the state require children to attend kindergarten? No Mont. Code Ann. § 20-5-102
Does the state require the district to offer kindergarten and if so, full or half day? What exemptions exist for districts? Yes — Half-Day or Full-Day Mont. Code Ann. § 20-7-117
How many hours are required for grades K-3? 360 hours per year for half-day kindergarten.
720 hours per year for full-day kindergarten and grades 1-3.
Mont. Code Ann. § 20-1-301
Teacher Quality
What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3? 1:20 for grades K-2. 1:28 for grade 3. Mont. Admin. R. 10.55.712
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in reading? Teacher preparation: Early Childhood Education programs require that successful candidates demonstrate knowledge of reading and writing processes. Mont. Admin. R. 10.58.531
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in math? Teacher Preparation: Early Childhood Education programs require that successful candidates demonstrate knowledge, understanding, and use of the major concepts, and procedures, and reasoning processes of mathematics that define number systems and number sense. Mont. Admin. R. 10.58.531
Does the state have an early learning endorsement or license specific to K-3? Early Childhood Endorsement, age 3 through grade 3. Elementary Education Endorsement, kindergarten through grade 8. Mont. Admin. R. 10.57.412
School Readiness and Transitions
Are kindergarten entrance assessments required? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
What are states required to do with the results of the KEA? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Are there programs in place to guide the pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition process? Professional educator preparation program standards for Early Childhood educators require that candidates create relationships with families through home visits, parent-teacher conferences and family nights in addition to providing transition planning into and out of early childhood programs, including kindergarten. Mont. Admin. R. 10.58.531
Does the state have a statutory definition of school readiness? What do states use their definition of school readiness to inform? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Assessment, Intervention and Retention
Are assessments required in grades K-3? English language arts and mathematics assessments must be administered in the spring to third grade students. Mont. Admin. R. 10.56.101
What do the results of K-3 assessments inform? Results are part of a student's permanent record. The superintendent of public instruction must report on assessment results to the legislature and board of education. Mont. Admin. R. 10.56.101
Are there interventions available beginning in kindergarten? What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Is there a third grade retention policy? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Family Engagement
For those states with pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition guidance, is family engagement a requirement? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
For those states with third grade retention policies, is parental input required? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Social-Emotional Learning
Where is social-emotional development emphasized in statute? An understanding of social-emotional development is required as part of the Professional Educator Preparation Program Standards for early childhood educators (birth-8). Mont. Admin. R. 10.58.531

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