State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile

State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile - Missouri

June 2018


This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
 


Kindergarten Requirements
What is the compulsory school age? Age 7 Mo. Ann. Stat. § 167.031
What is the state's kindergarten entrance age? Age 5 before August 1. Metropolitan districts can establish a policy that a child must be 5 on or before any date between August 1 and October 1. Mo. Ann. Stat. § 160.051;
Mo. Ann. Stat. § 160.054
What age exemptions or waivers exist for kindergarten entrance? Opt-in: Age 5 by October 1, if a child begins kindergarten in a metropolitan district and subsequently transfers to another district, he/she can enroll in the new district without meeting the age requirement. Mo. Ann. Stat. § 160.053
Does the state require children to attend kindergarten? No Mo. Ann. Stat. § 160.053
Does the state require the district to offer kindergarten and if so, full or half day? What exemptions exist for districts? Yes — Half-Day Mo. Ann. Stat. § 160.051;
Mo. Ann. Stat. § 160.041
How many hours are required for grades K-3? 522 hours per year for kindergarten.
1,044 hours per year for all other grades.
Mo. Ann. Stat. § 163.021 
Teacher Quality
What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3? 1:25 with a goal of 1:17 for grades K-2; 1:27 with a goal of 1:20 for grade 3. Mo. Code Regs. Ann. tit. 5, § 20-100.255
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in reading? Teacher preparation: Reading Instruction Act requires all new teachers who teach reading in kindergarten through third grade to receive training in the essential components of reading. The state board of education is required to develop guidelines for training teachers and administrators in how to assist students reading below grade level. Teacher candidates seeking an Elementary Education endorsement must demonstrate an understanding of early childhood principles in language arts, including reading. Mo. Ann. Stat. § 170.014;
Mo. Code Regs. Ann. tit. 5, § 20-400.510
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in math? Teacher Preparation: Teacher candidates seeking an Elementary Education endorsement must demonstrate an understanding of early childhood principles in math. Mo. Code Regs. Ann. tit. 5, § 20-400.510
Does the state have an early learning endorsement or license specific to K-3? Early Childhood Education Certificate, birth to grade three. Mo. Code Regs. Ann. tit. 5, § 20-400.510
School Readiness and Transitions
Are kindergarten entrance assessments required? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
What are states required to do with the results of the KEA? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Are there programs in place to guide the pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition process? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Does the state have a statutory definition of school readiness? What do states use their definition of school readiness to inform? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Assessment, Intervention and Retention
Are assessments required in grades K-3? Districts are required to administer a reading assessment to students prior to the end of third grade.

The state board of education must create a list of recommended reading assessments for K-3 students.
Mo. Ann. Stat. § 167.645
Mo. Ann. Stat. § 167.346
What do the results of K-3 assessments inform? Results inform the reading improvement plan and associated intervention strategies. Mo. Ann. Stat. § 167.645
Are there interventions available beginning in kindergarten? What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3? Third grade interventions include a reading improvement plan and summer school instruction. K-3 interventions include a reading improvement plan and individual or group reading activities. Mo. Ann. Stat. § 167.645
Mo. Ann. Stat. § 167.268
Is there a third grade retention policy? Retention is required if a student is not reading at or above one grade level below their current grade level. Students may be considered for conditional promotion if they participate in a summer reading program. Mo. Ann. Stat. § 162.1100 (West)
Mo. Ann. Stat. § 167.645
Family Engagement
For those states with pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition guidance, is family engagement a requirement? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
For those states with third grade retention policies, is parental input required? Districts are required to inform parents of the methods and materials used to teach reading to students in kindergarten through fourth grade. Parents are also required to be notified if their child is on a reading improvement plan. Mo. Ann. Stat. § 167.645
Social-Emotional Learning
Where is social-emotional development emphasized in statute? Social-emotional development is included as a standard for high-quality early childhood education. Mo. Ann. Stat. § 161.213

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