State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile

State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile - Michigan

June 2018


This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
 


Kindergarten Requirements
What is the compulsory school age? Age 6 by December 1 Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1561
What is the state's kindergarten entrance age? Age 5 by September 1 Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1147
What age exemptions or waivers exist for kindergarten entrance? Opt-out: Age 9, if the student does not live within 2.5 miles by the nearest traveled road of a public school, and no school transportation is provided.
Opt-in: Age 5 between September 2 and December 1 with parental waiver.
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1561;
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1147
Does the state require children to attend kindergarten? No Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1147
Does the state require the district to offer kindergarten and if so, full or half day? What exemptions exist for districts? No Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1147
How many hours are required for grades K-3? 1,098 hours per year for grades 1-12 and kindergarten if the school district offers full-day kindergarten. Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 388.1701
Teacher Quality
What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3? Not specified in statute, rules and regulations.
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in reading? Teacher preparation: Elementary teaching certificates require coursework in the diagnosis and remediation of reading disabilities and differentiated instruction, as well as coursework in the teaching of literacy.
Professional Development: Districts awarded the 2017-2018 early literacy and reading skills grants may use 5% of funds to support professional development for educators related to current state literacy standards for K-3 students. Includes training in the use of diagnostic tools, progress monitoring and intervention methods. For a teacher in grades K to 3, targeted areas of professional development may be offered based on the reading development needs data for incoming pupils.
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1531;
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 388.1635a;
Mich. Admin. Code R 390.1123;
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1280f
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in math? Not specified in statute, rules, or regulation. Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1531;
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1525
Does the state have an early learning endorsement or license specific to K-3? Not specified in statute, rules, or regulation. Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1531
School Readiness and Transitions
Are kindergarten entrance assessments required? The department shall continue to make the kindergarten entry assessment developed by the department and field tested in 2015-2016 through a pilot program available to districts in 2017-2018 Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 388.1704
What are states required to do with the results of the KEA? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Are there programs in place to guide the pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition process? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Does the state have a statutory definition of school readiness? What do states use their definition of school readiness to inform? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Assessment, Intervention and Retention
Are assessments required in grades K-3? Assessments in English language arts and mathematics must be administered in the fall and spring of each year to students in grades K-2. Math and language arts summative assessments are required for grade 3. Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 388.1704c
What do the results of K-3 assessments inform? Results of the K-2 assessments inform students, parents, and teachers on the pupil’s proficiency and growth. Results of the grade 3 assessment inform student proficiency reports. The K-2 assessments are used to determine student proficiency before grade 3. Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 388.1704c
Are there interventions available beginning in kindergarten? What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3? K-3 interventions are available. Interventions include a multi-tiered instruction model, targeted instructional support, individual or group interventions, progress monitoring and family involvement Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 388.1635a
Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1280f (2a-e)
Is there a third grade retention policy? Third grade retention is allowed with good cause exemptions. Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1280f (5.a)
Family Engagement
For those states with pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition guidance, is family engagement a requirement? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
For those states with third grade retention policies, is parental input required? Parental notification is required and parental appeal is allowed. Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.1280f (5.d)
Social-Emotional Learning
Where is social-emotional development emphasized in statute? Social-emotional health is emphasized in the great start collaboratives and parent coalitions Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 388.1632p

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