This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
|What is the compulsory school age?||Age 5||Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-301|
|What is the state's kindergarten entrance age?||Age 5 by September 1||Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.02|
|What age exemptions or waivers exist for kindergarten entrance?||Opt-out: Age 5, parental waiver states a child lacks the maturity to attend kindergarten, or is enrolled in a child care center or Head Start 5-year-old program.
Opt-in: Age 4, local board decision that a child demonstrates capabilities warranting admission to kindergarten.
|Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-301;
Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.02
|Does the state require children to attend kindergarten?||Yes||Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-301 (West)|
|Does the state require the district to offer kindergarten and if so, full or half day? What exemptions exist for districts?||Yes — Full-Day||Md. Code Ann., Educ. §7-101 (e)(1)|
|How many hours are required for grades K-3?||1,080 hours per year for all grades except high school.||Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-103|
|What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3?||Not specified in statute, rules and regulations.|
|What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in reading?||Teacher preparation: Early childhood teacher certifications require coursework on processes and acquisition of reading skills, best practices in reading instruction, and use of reading assessment data to improve instruction.||Md. Code Regs. 13A.12.02.03|
|What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in math?||Teacher Preparation: To receive certification in early childhood education (Pre-Kindergarten to Grade 3), applicant must earn a bachelor's or higher degree, which includes a minimum of 12 semester hours of coursework in both math and science.
Professional development: Tuition reimbursement is available for teacher retraining in math and science.
|Md. Code Regs. 13A.12.02.03;
Md. Code Regs. 13A.07.07.01
|Does the state have an early learning endorsement or license specific to K-3?||Early childhood education certification (Pk-3); PK-6 Mathematics instructional leader endorsement; Reading specialist certification.||Md. Code Regs. 13A.12.02.03
Md. Code Regs. 13A.12.02.25
Md. Code Regs. 13A.12.03.05
|School Readiness and Transitions|
|Are kindergarten entrance assessments required?||Each local school system must administer the department-approved kindergarten readiness assessment to a representative sample of students.||Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.02-3|
|What are states required to do with the results of the KEA?||The department of education must publish and disseminate aggregated assessment information to local school systems no later than November 15th each year.||Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.02-3|
|Are there programs in place to guide the pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition process?||Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.|
|Does the state have a statutory definition of school readiness? What do states use their definition of school readiness to inform?||“School readiness means the stage of early development that enables an individual child to engage in and benefit from early learning experiences. As a result of family nurturing and interactions with others, a young child in this stage has reached certain levels of social and emotional development, cognition and general knowledge, language development, and physical well-being and motor development. School readiness acknowledges individual approaches toward learning as well as the unique experiences and backgrounds of each child."||Md. Code Regs. 13A.06.02.02|
|Assessment, Intervention and Retention|
|Are assessments required in grades K-3?||Reading assessments are administered in third grade.||Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-202|
|What do the results of K-3 assessments inform?||Results of the reading assessments are used to inform grade promotion or intervention needs.||Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-202|
|Are there interventions available beginning in kindergarten? What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3?||Interventions are available in grade three. Interventions include enrollment in a reading assistance program.||Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-202|
|Is there a third grade retention policy?||Third grade retention is allowed with good cause exemptions. Enrollment in a reading assistance program is an option to avoid retention.||Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-202|
|For those states with pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition guidance, is family engagement a requirement?||Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.|
|For those states with third grade retention policies, is parental input required?||Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.|
|Where is social-emotional development emphasized in statute?||Social and emotional development are included in the state definition of school readiness. Social development is one domain that may be measured by the kindergarten entry assessment.||Md. Code Regs. 13A.06.02.02;
Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.02-3