State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile

State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies: State Profile - Kentucky

June 2018


This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
 


Kindergarten Requirements
What is the compulsory school age? Age 6 by August 1 Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.030
What is the state's kindergarten entrance age? Age 5 by August 1 Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.030
What age exemptions or waivers exist for kindergarten entrance? Opt-out: Age 6-7, if enrolled in a private kindergarten-nursery school.
Opt-out: Age 5-6, a child may enter grade 1 if local board determines she/he has acquired the skills taught in kindergarten.
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 159.030;
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.031
Does the state require children to attend kindergarten? No Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.030 (West)
Does the state require the district to offer kindergarten and if so, full or half day? What exemptions exist for districts? Yes — Half-Day Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.100 ;
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann § 157.320
How many hours are required for grades K-3? 6 hours per day for all grades except kindergarten, which may be operated for less than 6 hours per day. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.060 (West)
Teacher Quality
What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3? 1:24 for grades K-3. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 157.360
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in reading? Teacher preparation: Literacy program requirements for educator preparation programs include instruction in reading standards and assessments.
Professional Development: The Kentucky Department of Education must provide assistance to schools and teachers to ensure student competency in reading.
16 Ky. Admin. Regs. 5:060;
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.840
What are the requirements for teacher training and professional development in math? Professional development: The Kentucky Department of Education must provide assistance to schools and teachers to ensure student competency in mathematics. 16 Ky. Admin. Regs. 5:010 et. seq.;
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.840
Does the state have an early learning endorsement or license specific to K-3? Professional certificate for interdisciplinary early childhood education, birth to primary. 16 Ky. Admin. Regs. 2:040
School Readiness and Transitions
Are kindergarten entrance assessments required? Each school district must administer the Common Kindergarten Entry Screening to each student entering kindergarten no later than 30 days after the start of the school year. 704 Ky. Admin. Regs. 5:070
What are states required to do with the results of the KEA? Results must be entered into the student information system within 30 days of the start of the school year and individual results must be shared with parents. Districts may use the data in the following ways: inform districts, parents and communities about readiness gaps; inform policy decisions; establish local goals for program improvement; and as part of program evaluation. Results may not be used to determine enrollment eligibility. 704 Ky. Admin. Regs. 5:070
Are there programs in place to guide the pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition process? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Does the state have a statutory definition of school readiness? What do states use their definition of school readiness to inform? School readiness means a student is "ready to engage in and benefit from early learning experiences that best promote the student's success." 704 Ky. Admin. Regs. 5:070
Assessment, Intervention and Retention
Are assessments required in grades K-3? Every elementary school must provide diagnostics reading assessments. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.791
What do the results of K-3 assessments inform? Results of the assessment are used to inform intervention service needs. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.791
Are there interventions available beginning in kindergarten? What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3? Every elementary school must provide intervention services for students who need them. The department of education will provide technical assistance to local districts to improve screening processes, using screening data to design instructional interventions, use of multisensory instructional strategies, monitoring student progress and supplemental instruction. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.791
Is there a third grade retention policy? Retention is not required. 704 Ky. Admin. Regs. 3:440
Family Engagement
For those states with pre-kindergarten to kindergarten transition guidance, is family engagement a requirement? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
For those states with third grade retention policies, is parental input required? Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Social-Emotional Learning
Where is social-emotional development emphasized in statute? Social-emotional development is one of the required domains that must be measured by the common kindergarten entry screener. 704 Ky. Admin. Regs. 5:070

© 2019 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education. 700 Broadway #810, Denver, CO 80203-3442

To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please contact the Education Commission of the States’ Communications Department at 303.299.3609 or askinner@ecs.org.

Your Education Policy Team  www.ecs.org