Teacher Recruitment and Retention: State Profile

Teacher Recruitment and Retention: State Profile - Texas

October 2019


Texas teacher graph
Source: Title II Reports National Teacher Preparation Data (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education) https://title2.ed.gov/Public/DataTools/Tables.aspx. Data was retrieved on 8/7/2019. 

Teacher production and overall teacher supply in the United States has grown steadily since the mid-1980s. However, national data trends show an overall decrease in educator preparation program enrollment and completion in recent years. Although new teacher supply data provide an incomplete* picture of a state’s teacher labor market, a decrease in new teacher supply may contribute to new shortages and exacerbate already present shortages within a state. This chart details trends in educator preparation program completion in Texas, compared with the United States average. 

*New teacher supply data do not capture whether graduates are prepared to teach in high-demand subject areas or willing to teach in underserved schools. They do not capture whether graduates meet the requirements for licensure and go on to teach within the state or at all. They also do not capture teachers who are prepared out-of-state or teachers who temporarily leave the profession and then re-enter. Finally, they do not capture the quality of the individuals seeking employment. Supply and demand considerations vary considerably within states. State leaders can consider multiple factors — including, for example, district and school staffing, vacancy data and educator equity gaps — when evaluating their teacher labor market and considering policy solutions.

Last updated: August 2019. To view 50-State Comparisons, click here.


Shortage data and reports
What is the number and percentage change in the state's educator preparation program completion between 2008-09 and 2016-17 (total and by program type)? Total: 26,823 to 22,574 (-16%)
Traditional: 11,646 to 9,540 (-18%)
Alternative: 15,177 to 13,034 (-14%)
US Department of Education Title II Reports
Data Tools: Completers, by state, by program type
What is the number and percentage change in the state's educator preparation program completion between 2015-16 and 2016-17 (total and by program type)? Total: 21,156 to 22,574 (+7%)
Traditional: 9,627 to 9,540 (approximately equivalent)
Alternative: 11,529 to 13,034 (+13%)
US Department of Education Title II Reports
Data Tools: Completers, by state, by program type
Has the state published state-specific teacher shortage data within the past five years? Yes. Employed Teacher Attrition and New Hires 2011-2018

Employment of Initially Certified Teachers 2014-2018

Teacher Retention by Route 2014-2018

Teacher Attrition by District Size 2015-2018

Out-Of-Field Teaching Report 2018-2019
Has the state published educator equity gap data (apart from what was submitted in the Educator Equity Plan and ESSA State Plan)? Yes. There is publicly available data. Texas Equity Toolkit

Texas State ESSA Plan

Texas State Equity Plan and Profile
Expanding the pool of teacher candidates
Does the state offer a pathway, program or incentive through statute or regulation to recruit high school students into the teaching profession? Yes. Statute requires that the Texas Education Agency transfer excess funds in the charter school liquidation fund to support a grant program established by the agency to encourage high school students to enter the teaching profession. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.141
Does the state offer a pathway, program or incentive through statute or regulation to recruit paraprofessionals into the teaching profession? Yes. Statute requires that the Texas Education Agency transfer excess funds in the charter school liquidation fund to support a grant program established by the agency to assist current paraprofessionals in pursuing the credentials to become full-time teachers. In addition, to be eligible to participate in the Texas Teacher Residency Program, candidates must hold a bachelor's degree and either be a mid-career professional from outside the field of education or be a certified educator such as a teaching assistant. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.141

Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 21.803
Does the state create opportunities for teacher residency programs through statute or regulation? Yes. Statute requires the commissioner of higher education to establish a Texas Teacher Residency Program at a public institution of higher education. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. §§ 21.801 et seq.
What percentage of the state's educator preparation program graduates came from alternative preparation programs in the year the data was last reported (2016-17)? 58% total (4% IHE-based; 54% not IHE-based) US Department of Education Title II Reports
Data Tools: Completers, by state, by program type
Teacher pay and financial incentives
Does statute establish requirements for minimum teacher pay? Yes. The state has established a minimum teacher salary schedule based on years of teaching experience. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 21.402 (Vernon)

2019-20 Minimum Salary Schedule
Does statute define at least one statewide scholarship or grant program to help recruit teachers to underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas? No. N/A
Does statute define at least one statewide loan forgiveness program to help recruit teachers to underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas? Yes. Statute defines at least two loan repayment assistance programs to help recruit teachers to underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas and another loan repayment assistance program to help recruit teachers to specific shortage subject areas. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 61.702

Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 61.9831 et seq.

Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 56.351 et seq.
Does statute require or explictly encourage additional pay for teachers who work in underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas? Yes. The Teacher Incentive Allotment allocates funds to districts to increase teacher salaries in high need and rural schools. The Master Teacher Grant Program awards stipends to Master Teachers in reading, math, technology, or science who teach at a high need school and mentor other teachers. The Career to Classrooms Program provides stipends to qualified teachers in shortage areas, particularly science, mathematics, computer science, or engineering teachers. V.T.C.A., Education Code § 48.112

V.T.C.A., Education Code § 21.410

V.T.C.A., Education Code § 21.602 et seq.
 
Does statute define at least one statewide financial incentive program for teachers of color? No. N/A
Does the state provide or require additional pay for teachers who obtain advanced licensure? N/A. The state does not have a licensure system that allows teachers to advance beyond a standard professional license. 19 Tex. Admin. Code § 230.13

Teacher Leadership and Advancement: State Profile
Does the state provide or require additional pay for teachers who obtain National Board Certification? No. N/A
Early and ongoing supports
Does the state require induction and mentoring support for new teachers? If so, what is the required length? No. Except that statute allows districts to assign a mentor teach to each classroom teacher with less than two years of teaching experience. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 21.458

Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 48.114
Does the state require or explicitly encourage reduced teaching loads for new and/or mentor teachers? Yes. Statute requires a school district to schedule release time or a reduced teaching load for mentor teachers and classroom teachers to engage in mentoring activities. Statute also provides funding for school districts implementing a mentor program that may be used for scheduled release time for mentors and new teachers. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 21.458

Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 48.114

19 Tex. Admin. Code § 153.1011
Does the state require that an established portion of a teacher's work day/week be designated exclusively for teacher planning? Yes. Within an instructional day, each teacher is entitled to a planning and preparation period of not less than 45 minutes (or 450 minutes within each two-week period) and a duty-free lunch of not less than 30 minutes. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 21.404 (Vernon)

© 2020 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education. 700 Broadway #810, Denver, CO 80203-3442

To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please contact the Education Commission of the States’ Communications Department at 303.299.3636 or mzatynski@ecs.org.

Your Education Policy Team  www.ecs.org