State Profile

School Discipline

State Profile - Virginia

School Discipline
What may a student be suspended or expelled for? Criminal behavior
Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-277
What must a student be suspended or expelled for? Drug use/possession
Firearm/weapon possession
Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-277.07
Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-277.08
Are there limitations placed on suspension or expulsion? Grade level: Students in prekindergarten through grade three may not be suspended for more than 3 days or expelled, with exceptions.
Length: Suspension is not more than 10 school days. Long-term suspension is not more than 45 school days.
Violation type: Students may not be suspended solely for attendance issues.
Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-277
Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-277.04
Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-277.05
Are there non-punitive approaches outlined as alternatives to suspension or expulsion? Alternatives to discipline: The Board of Education must establish guidelines for alternatives to suspension for consideration by local school boards, including: positive behavior incentives, mediation, peer-to-peer counseling, community service, and other interventions. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-16.6
Are there alternative schooling options available for students who are suspended or expelled? Yes. The Board of Education must establish a program of regional alternative education options for students who have been suspended long-term or expelled. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:1
Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-209.1:2
When is a school required to involve law enforcement in student discipline? Not specified in statute or regulation.
Is corporal punishment permitted? No. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-279.1
Does the state outline reporting requirements for suspension and expulsion? Principals must report information on number of students in possession of drugs or alcohol and the number of students referred for assistance with substance abuse problems. 8 Va. Admin. Code 20-560-10

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