State Profile

School Discipline

State Profile - Texas

School Discipline
What may a student be suspended or expelled for? Assault
Criminal behavior
Defiant or disruptive behavior
Drug use/possession
Terroristic threats
Violating school rules
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 37.001
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 37.005
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 37.007
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 37.0081
What must a student be suspended or expelled for? Arson
Child sexual abuse
Firearm/weapon possession
Sexual assault
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 37.007
Are there limitations placed on suspension or expulsion? Grade level: Students below grade 3 may not be placed in out-of-school suspension, with exceptions.
Length and violation type: Code of conduct violation suspensions may not exceed 3 days.
Violation type: Acts of self-defense must be considered.
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 37.005
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 37.001
Are there non-punitive approaches outlined as alternatives to suspension or expulsion? Alternatives to discipline encouraged: Districts may develop positive behavior programs that provide alternatives to discipline for students below grade 3. The programs may include--positive behavioral intervention and support, trauma-informed practices, social-emotional learning, restorative practices and a referral for services as necessary. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 37.0013
Are there alternative schooling options available for students who are suspended or expelled? Yes. Each school district must provide educational services to students in a disciplinary alternative education program. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 37.008
When is a school required to involve law enforcement in student discipline? Violations concerning: Criminal behavior, drug use/possession/sale, firearm/weapon possession, deadly conduct. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 37.015
Is corporal punishment permitted? Yes. Local decision. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 37.0011
Does the state outline reporting requirements for suspension and expulsion? Not specified in statute or regulation.

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