State Profile

School Discipline

State Profile - North Carolina


School Discipline
What may a student be suspended or expelled for? Physical harm or threat of physical harm
Violating school rules
N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-390.5
N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-390.11
What must a student be suspended or expelled for? Firearm/weapon possession N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-390.10
Are there limitations placed on suspension or expulsion? Length: Short-term suspension is up to 10 school days.
Violation type: Firearm/weapon possession does not apply to weapons instruction/approved courses. Students may not be suspended long-term or expelled for truancy and may not be short-term suspended for more than 2 days. Students may not be long-term suspended or expelled for using profanity, noncomplicance, dress code violations or minor physical altercations.
N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-390.1
N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-390.10
N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-390.2
Are there non-punitive approaches outlined as alternatives to suspension or expulsion? Alternatives to discipline encouraged: conferences, counseling, peer mediation, behavior contracts, conflict resolution, anger management, detention, academic intervention, and community service. N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-390.2
Are there alternative schooling options available for students who are suspended or expelled? Alternative education programs may be available. N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-105.48
N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-390.1
When is a school required to involve law enforcement in student discipline? Violations concerning: assault, sexual assault, rape, kidnapping, child sexual assualt, firearm/weapon possession, drug use/possession. N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-288
Is corporal punishment permitted? Yes. Local decision. N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-390.4
Does the state outline reporting requirements for suspension and expulsion? The State Board of Education must annually report the nubmer of students suspended, expelled, and subjected to corporal punishment. The data must be disaggregated by race, gender, grade level, ethnicity, and disability status and made publicly available. N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-12

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