State Profile

School Discipline

State Profile - Maryland


School Discipline
What may a student be suspended or expelled for? Not specified in statute or regulations. State Board of Education is charged with defining a state code of discipline. Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-306
What must a student be suspended or expelled for? Firearm/weapon possession Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-305
Are there limitations placed on suspension or expulsion? Grade level: Prekindergarten-2 students may not be suspended or expelled, with exceptions.
Length: Suspension is 10 school days or less.
Violation type: Students may not be suspended solely for attendance issues.
Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-305
Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-305.1
Are there non-punitive approaches outlined as alternatives to suspension or expulsion? Alternatives to discipline: Schools serving students in prekindergarten-2 must provide non-punitive interventions, including positive behavioral interventions and supports, behavior intervention plans, student support teams, individualized education plans, referral for community-based services, and restorative practices.
Alternatives to discipline encouraged: Elementary schools with higher than standard suspension or truancy rates must implement positive behavioral interventions and supports or an alternative behavior modification program.
Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-305.1
Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-304.1
Are there alternative schooling options available for students who are suspended or expelled? Yes. School systems must provide comparable educational services and behavioral support services to expelled or suspended students. Students not assigned to alternative program must be provided with daily classwork and assignments and a school staff liaison. Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.11
When is a school required to involve law enforcement in student discipline? Violations concerning: Firearm/weapon possession, delinquent acts Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.12-1
Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.15
Is corporal punishment permitted? No. Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-306
Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.11
Does the state outline reporting requirements for suspension and expulsion? The Department of Education must collect information on student discipline and alternative school discipline practices for all schools. This data must be disaggregated by race, ethnicity, gender, disability status, socioeconomic status and english language proficiency. The department must analyze the data to determine whether there is a disproportionate impact on minority students or students with disabilities. If disparities exist, the local school system must present a plan to reduce those disparities within one year and eliminate them within 3. Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-306
Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.21

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