State Profile

School Discipline

State Profile - California


School Discipline
What may a student be suspended or expelled for? Bullying
Defiant or disruptive behavior
Destruction of property
Drug use/possession
Firearm/weapon possession (imitation)
Hate-violence
Harassment
Hazing
Profanity/vulgarity
Sexual assualt
Terroristic threats
Theft/robbery
Cal. Educ. Code § 48900
What must a student be suspended or expelled for? Assault
Drug use/possession
Firearm/weapon possession
Physical harm or threat of physical harm
Sexual assault
Theft/robbery
Cal. Educ. Code § 48915
Are there limitations placed on suspension or expulsion? Grade level: Students in K-3 may not be suspended.
Length: Students may not be kept in school for more than 30 minutes after the end of school day. Students may not be kept from lunch or recess.
Violation type: Non-punitive approaches required for truancy/absenteeism.
Cal. Educ. Code § 48900
Cal. Educ. Code § 48903
Cal. Code Regs. tit. 5, § 352
Cal. Code Regs. tit. 5, § 353
Are there non-punitive approaches outlined as alternatives to suspension or expulsion? Alternatives to discipline: Community service
Alternatives to discipline encouraged: Conferences, counselor referrals, study and guidance team plans, anger management/prosocial behavior programs, restorative justice, positive behavioral interventions and supports, after school programs.
Cal. Educ. Code § 48900.5
Cal. Educ. Code § 48900.6
Are there alternative schooling options available for students who are suspended or expelled? Yes. Alternative education services must be provided to expelled students. Suspended students may be assigned to a supervised suspension classroom. Cal. Educ. Code § 48926
Cal. Educ. Code § 48911.1
When is a school required to involve law enforcement in student discipline? Violations concerning: criminal acts Cal. Educ. Code § 48902
Is corporal punishment permitted? No. Cal. Educ. Code § 49000
Cal. Educ. Code § 49001
Cal. Educ. Code § 44807
Does the state outline reporting requirements for suspension and expulsion? School districts must maintain data on student expulsion and may be required to report that data to the superintendent. Cal. Educ. Code § 48916.1

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