High School-Level STEM Initiatives: State Recruitment Efforts for STEM Teachers
Education Commission of the States • 700 Broadway, Suite 810 • Denver, CO 80203-3442 • 303.299.3600 • Fax: 303.296.8332 • www.ecs.org

High School-Level STEM Initiatives: State Recruitment Efforts for STEM Teachers

Why does it matter?
  • Recruiting highly-qualified secondary teachers in the STEM subjects has proven difficult in many states.
  • Many mathematics or science teachers can earn more in the private sector.
  • Loan-forgiveness, scholarships or differential pay have the potential to recruit more of these highly-qualified teachers to their classrooms.


  • Highlights
  • Thirty-eight states provide some form of financial incentives to recruit teachers in the STEM fields.
  • Thirty-seven states offer some form of loan-forgiveness, scholarship or tuition reimbursement to those seeking certification and agreeing to teach at a public school in the STEM fields. (These policies are commonly also targeted towards shortages in other subject areas.)
  • Twelve states provide for or authorize some form of supplemental pay for teachers in the STEM fields.
    • Policies noted here do not include federal programs that provide teachers in subject-matter shortage areas to have their loans canceled or deferred. For a detailed listing of additional teacher recruitment policies - including alternative pathways for certification - please see the related ECS database.

      Sources for all data points are accessible through this link.

      Methodology: This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agency Web sites, and will be updated as new policies and programs are enacted.

      Last updated: June 2008

      This database was compiled by Kyle Zinth, policy analyst, ECS Information Clearinghouse. For questions, additions or corrections: 303.299.3689 or jdounay@ecs.org.



      State recruitment efforts for STEM teachers
      Alabama Yes, mathematics, science and computer education are included in the state's list of critical needs areas. All full-time regularly certified teachers are eligible for participation in a tuition-reimbursement program. Teachers may be reimbursed for tuition paid for graduate or undergraduate level courses at approved higher education programs in the state leading to a new area of certification. Teachers are required to teach two years in new certification area for each academic year they receive tuition reimbursement.
      Alaska None identified
      Arizona Yes, created by 2007 legislation, the mathematics, science and special education teacher student loan program will offer loans to defray in-state tuition, instructional materials and mandatory fees for students who are pursuing a teaching degree. Loans may be taken out for five years, and are forgiven on a one year of loan basis for one year of service in a public school teaching mathematics or science.
      Arkansas Yes, as a part of the academic challenge scholarship program, the state operates several programs designed to recruit teachers in critical needs areas. As of 2007-08, secondary mathematics and science are on the critical needs list.

      Minority Teacher Scholars Program
      Loan forgiveness program designed to encourage minorities to become secondary mathematics and science teachers. (Also pertains to other subjects and areas of geographic need.) Loans are fully forgiven after five years of teaching in a public school. Eligible recipients must have completed 60 semester credit hours at time of application, have been admitted to a teacher certification program and intend to teach in a public school in the state.

      State Teacher Assistance Resource (STAR) Program
      STAR Program is designed to provide forgivable loans to students who are pursuing a course of study leading to teacher licensure in designated subject and or geographic critical shortage areas in the state. Students may receive the forgivable loan for up to two years if in a four-year program or three years if in a five-year program or until they have completed the requirements for licensure.

      Recipients receive $3,000 per year by committing to teach a critical needs subject, or $6,000 per year by committing to teach a critical needs subject in a public school located in a geographical area of the state designated as having a critical shortage of teachers. One year of the loan is forgiven for each consecutive year the recipient teaches full time in an public school in a designated subject and/or geographical critical shortage area.

      Teacher Opportunity Program (TOP)
      TOP is a dual certification incentive program designed to provide loans to teachers who are returning to college to receive an additional certification in a subject matter declared to be a shortage area. The loans include funding for the cost of tuition, mandatory fees and books to a maximum of $3,000 during any one academic year. The school district is responsible for one-third of the loan, while the department of higher education being responsible for two-thirds of the loan.

      Science, Technology, Engineering and Math Fund
      2007 legislation created the state's science, technology, engineering and math fund for the purpose of retaining, recruiting and attracting competent teachers by providing industry-competitive income to certified, qualified teachers who teach STEM subjects.
      California Yes, Assumption Program of Loans for Education is a competitive teacher incentive program designed to encourage outstanding students, district interns and out-of-state teachers to become teachers in subject areas where a critical teacher shortage has been identified. Subject areas identified with a critical teacher shortage include 7th-12th grade mathematics and life/physical science. In order to be eligible for loan reimbursement, prospective teachers must agree to teach in a public school for four years.
      Colorado Yes, multiple provisions.

      Teacher Loan Forgiveness Program
      Provides qualified secondary mathematics and science teachers up to $2,000 a year toward loan repayment for up to four years. Qualified recipients must graduate from an approved program of preparation and meet state licensure requirements.

      Teach Colorado Grant
      Created by 2008 legislation, the program encourages institutions of higher education to create scholarships for students in approved teacher preparation programs who excel in high-need content areas and who demonstrate an interest in or commitment to teaching as a career. Areas of high need will be determined annually, and may include - but are not limited to - mathematics and science. Institutions may apply for grants to provide for scholarships.
      Connecticut Yes, multiple provisions.

      Minority Teacher Incentive Program
      A privately funded component of the Minority Teacher Incentive Program - the Weisman Scholarship - is targeted to minority students interested in becoming secondary math or science teachers. The program provides grants of $5,000 each year for two years of study. Upon program completion, participants are eligible for loan reimbursement stipends of up to $2,500 per year for four years if they teach in a public secondary school in the state.

      Returning Retired Teachers
      Retired teachers may be re-employed in a designated subject shortage area and continue to receive pension income for a period of one school year. With prior approval by the teachers’ retirement board, such re-employment may be extended for an additional school year. For the 2007-08 school year, technology education and secondary mathematics and science are listed as areas of shortage.

      Mortgage Assistance
      The state housing finance authority operates a mortgage assistance program that offers low interest rate mortgages to certified teachers who teach in a subject area identified by the commissioner of education as an area of shortage. For the 2007-08 school year, technology education and secondary mathematics and science are listed as areas of shortage.

      International Teacher Permits
      2007 legislation directs the state board, upon the request of a local or regional board of education, to issue an international teacher permit in a subject shortage area. Permits will be issued for one year and may be renewed for a period of up to one year, although the permit may not be renewed more than twice in the two years subsequent to the initial issuance. Teachers must meet eligibility requirements pertaining to visa status, education and home-country accreditation. For the 2007-08 school year, technology education and secondary mathematics and science are listed as areas of shortage.
      Delaware Yes, multiple provisions to recruit teachers for critical needs subjects, which include science, mathematics and technology education.

      Student Loan Program
      Eligible candidates must be admitted to an accredited institution of higher learning in a program that will result in training and certification in Delaware as a teacher in a critical curricular area. Loans are forgiven on the basis of two years of teaching for each year of college training. Loans are interest free to recipients who meet the teaching obligation.

      Teacher Scholarship Loan Program
      Provides teachers with loans to help them obtain certification in a critical curriculum area by attending an institution of higher education on a full-time basis. Candidates must have taught in a Delaware public school for at least one year. Loans are forgiven at a rate of one third of the loan for each of three years of teaching in a public school. Loans may be used for tuition, books and supplies, and are interest free to teachers who meet the teaching obligation. A teacher who is granted a loan will also be paid during the year of study one year's salary and benefits.

      Program for Persons Lacking Teaching Certification
      Provides individuals with graduate or undergraduate degrees - but lack teaching certification - in critical curricular areas reimbursement for tuition for any necessary training to obtain certification.

      Summer Inservice Program
      Designed to meet certification requirements in the critical areas of teacher shortage. Program is offered during a six-week period in the summer. Participants register for a minimum of six semester hours of graduate/undergraduate credit in a specifically designed program focused on building skills and knowledge in the critical curricular areas.

      Eligible candidates must be employed as a public secondary school teacher and not be currently certified in the critical curricular area. Participants receive full support for tuition, textbooks and laboratory fees.

      Academic Year Program
      An ongoing program specifically designed to meet certification requirements in the critical areas of teacher shortage. A part-time program offered during the regular school year. Participants will register for a maximum of three semester hours of graduate/undergraduate college courses per semester.
      District of Columbia None identified
      Florida Yes, several provisions address recruitment of teachers in critical teacher shortage areas, which include high school mathematics and science.

      Florida Critical Teacher Shortage Forgivable Loan Program
      Provides undergraduate and graduate forgivable loans to eligible students entering programs of study that lead to a teaching degree in a critical teacher shortage area. In addition to maintaining specified grade point averages, to be eligible for a program loan a candidate must:

    • Be a full-time student at the upper-division undergraduate or graduate level in an approved teacher training program leading to certification in a critical teacher shortage subject area.
    • Have declared an intent to teach in a critical teacher shortage area.

    • Undergraduate loans may be awarded for two years, not to exceed $4,000 per year, or for a maximum of three years for programs requiring a fifth year of instruction to obtain initial teaching certification. Graduate loans may be awarded for two graduate years, not to exceed $8,000 per year. Loans are forgiven at a maximum of $4,000 for each year of eligible teaching service. A maximum of $8,000 may be forgiven for eligible teaching service at specified high-needs schools. Any loan recipient who fails to teach in a public school in the state is responsible for repaying the loan plus accrued interest.

      Critical Teacher Shortage Tuition Reimbursement Program
      Program established for the purpose of improving the skills and knowledge of current teachers or persons preparing to teach in critical teacher shortage areas.

      Any full-time public school employee or lab school employee is eligible for the program. Tuition reimbursement is limited to courses in critical teacher shortage areas. Such courses must be:

    • Graduate-level courses leading to a master's, specialist or doctoral degree.
    • Graduate-level courses leading to a new certification area.
    • State-approved undergraduate courses leading to an advanced degree or new certification area.

    • Participants may receive tuition reimbursement payments for up to nine semester hours, or the equivalent in quarter hours, per year, at a maximum rate or $78 per semester hour, up to a total of 36 semester hours. Tuition reimbursement is contingent on passing approved courses with a minimum grade of 3.0 or its equivalent.

      Critical Teacher Shortage Student Loan Forgiveness Program
      Provides financial assistance to eligible teachers who hold a valid Florida Teacher’s Certificate or Florida Department of Health License by assisting them in the repayment of undergraduate and graduate educational loans that lead to certification in a statewide critical teacher shortage subject area. Repayments made to qualified applicants who begin teaching for the first time in designated subject areas, and loan repayments are contingent on proof of employment in the designated subject areas.

      Teachers are eligible to receive loan forgiveness for either four academic years or a total repayment of $10,000 dollars, whichever comes first. For the 2006-07 award year, full-time teachers who taught at least 180 days during the 2005-06 academic year with undergraduate degrees received $506. Teachers with graduate degrees received prior to becoming a teacher in a critical teacher shortage area received $1,012.
      Georgia Yes, two provisions.

      Helping Outstanding Pupils Educationally (HOPE) Teacher's Scholarship
      The HOPE teacher's scholarship provides up to $10,000 in scholarship funds to students who agree to teach a critical shortage field subject in a public school. Eligible students must meet specified residency requirements.

      Additionally, they must be admitted into graduate school and an advanced degree or approved teacher education program in a critical shortage field of study leading to certification and meet one of the conditions:
    • Be a teacher working in an accredited school who has a baccalaureate degree and is seeking an advanced degree in his or her current field which is a critical shortage field or in a new critical shortage field.
    • Have a baccalaureate degree and be seeking an advanced degree in a critical shortage field.
    • Have a master's degree in a critical shortage field and be seeking certification as a specialist or a doctorate in his or her current critical shortage field.
    • Have a master's degree in a field which is not a critical shortage field and be seeking an advanced degree in a critical shortage field.
    • Have certification as a specialist in a critical shortage field who is seeking a doctorate in his or her current critical shortage field.
    • Be a teacher working in an accredited school who is seeking to complete an approved program in a critical shortage field for which degree programs are not generally offered.

    • Teachers must agree to teach in the critical shortage field in a public school for one academic year for each $2,500 in scholarship funds awarded and sign a promissory note that stipulates the cash repayment obligation incurred if the teaching service is not fulfilled. For the 2007-08 school year, critical shortage fields include 6th-12th grade mathematics and 6th-12th grade science education: broad field science, biology, chemistry, earth/space and physics.

      Increasing Teachers' Salaries in Areas of Shortage
      Directs the state board to identify schools and local school systems in the state where an insufficient supply of qualified teachers is available to deliver instruction in the fields of mathematics and science. (Also pertains to other specified subjects.) Identified teachers are eligible for a salary increase not to exceed one additional step on the state salary schedule for which the teacher would otherwise have been entitled. A teacher is only eligible for three such salary increases.
      Hawaii
      Yes, multiple provisions.

      Mainland Recruiting
      The state sends recruiters to the mainland United States to seek out qualified teachers in areas of shortage, which includes secondary mathematics and science teachers as of Fall 2007. (Areas of shortage are evaluated with information from the field, and are subject to change.) Applicants must have or will complete a state-approved teacher preparation program prior to being contracted. Applicants are eligible for a relocation bonus of $1,500.

      Hawaii Educator Loan Program (HELP)
      Separate 2007 legislation expanded loan forgiveness eligibility under HELP to include students who are enrolled in a state-approved teacher education program at the university of Hawaii and who agree to teach in the a subject area shortage in the Hawaii public school system. Loans are forgiven on the basis of one year of a student loan for one year of service as a teacher.

      Transitions to Teaching
      Additionally, the federally funded Transitions to Teaching program provides stipends as incentives for people who hold degrees in STEM subjects to obtain teaching certificates through the University of Hawaii's post baccalaureate certificate in secondary education program. 2007 legislation recognizes that the state's federal grant funding the program will expire in 2008 and provides funds to operate the program for the 2007-08 and 2008-09 fiscal years. The program has resulted in 90 new qualified mathematics and science teachers in its first four and a half year.
      Idaho None identified
      Illinois Yes, multiple provisions.

      Illinois Future Teacher Corps
      The Illinois Future Teacher Corps encourages academically talented students - especially minority students - to pursue teaching careers, especially in teacher shortage disciplines or at hard-to-staff schools. Mathematics is currently a teacher shortage discipline in Illinois. Scholarships are awarded on a competitive basis to students who meet eligibility requirements and agree to teach in a public school for five years.

      Scholarships cover tuition, fees and room and board charges, or commuter allowance, if applicable. The annual scholarship awarded to a qualified applicant may be $5,000 or $10,000 (and, in some cases, may be increased an additional $5,000) depending on the teaching commitment made. This scholarship may be received for a maximum of four semesters or six quarters. The scholarship reverts to a loan for students who do not meet the teaching commitment.

      Teacher Shortage Scholarship Program
      Eligible individuals can qualify for a scholarship that will pay tuition and fees for approved programs that will prepare them to teach in areas of identified staff shortages, which includes mathematics.

      Eligible individuals are state residents who meet one of the below conditions:
    • Holds a valid teaching certificate and agrees in writing to train in an area of shortage.
    • Is preparing for a teaching career and agrees in writing to prepare in an area of shortage.
    • Holds a bachelor's degree, has been employed for at least 10 years in a field other than teaching and agrees in writing to prepare in an area of shortage.

    • Scholarship recipients must agree in writing to accept employment within two years of completing preparation in an area of shortage and teach for a period of three years in an area of identified shortage

      Mathematics or Science Teacher Scholarship Program
      Provides scholarships to qualified individuals who agree to take courses at qualified institutions of higher learning in order to be prepared to teach science or mathematics at the secondary school level. Scholarships cover the cost of tuition for identified programs.

      Eligible individuals must be state residents and:
    • Hold a valid teaching certificate and not be presently certified to teach both mathematics and science in the secondary schools.
    • Agree in writing to accept employment within two years after completion of preparation and to teach science or mathematics in a secondary school.

    • Traineeship Program
      Provides grants to encourage qualified individuals to enter the teaching profession and provide instruction in mathematics and/or science. In order to be eligible for a grant, an individual must be a graduate of an accredited college or university with a degree in mathematics or science, or be successfully pursuing an undergraduate degree in mathematics or science and have successfully completed at least one academic year or relevant course work. Applicants must express an intent to enter the teaching profession and teach mathematics and/or science and earn a teaching certificate.

      Grow Your Own Teacher Program
      The initiative is designed to stimulate the development of consortia – composed of institutions of higher education with accredited teacher preparation programs, targeted schools and districts and community organizations – that will identify and recruit parents, community leaders and paraprofessionals to become certified as teachers in hard-to-staff teaching positions (e.g., special education, mathematics and science).

      The program is designed to provide support through forgivable loans for a cohort of candidates until they complete their preparation as teachers. This support includes tuition, fees and other expenses directly related to the candidates’ ability to participate in the program, which may include child-care. Loans are forgiven upon completion of five years teaching in either a hard-to-staff school or in a hard-to-staff teaching area.

      Teacher Homebuyer Assistance Act
      Directs the state housing development authority to establish a program to provide down payment assistance to public school teachers who teach in hard-to-staff schools or hard-to-staff positions for purchasing residences within the school district. Hard to staff positions are those in which statewide data indicates a multi-year pattern of substantial teacher shortage or that has been identified as a critical need by the school board.
      Indiana None identified
      Iowa Yes, multiple provisions address recruitment of teachers in teacher shortage areas, which include 7th-12th grade mathematics and science.

      Teacher Shortage Forgiveable Loan Program
      Program will provide student loan repayment assistance to Iowa teachers repaying subsidized and unsubsidized federal Stafford Loans. To be eligible for loan forgiveness, applicants must be teaching in approved shortage areas recognized and approved by the department of education. Loans are forgiven on a basis of 20% for each year of service.

      Iowa Student Loan Teacher Education Loan Forgiveness Program
      Program will forgive up to $9,000 of qualifying educational loans for residents enrolled at state colleges or universities in programs leading to a degree or endorsement(s) in qualifying subject shortage areas.

      To become eligible for loan forgiveness, applicants must:
    • Be enrolled at an eligible college or university and be working towards an education degree or endorsement program that leads to licensure in an approved subject shortage area.
    • Stay in the state to teach in a subject shortage area

    • The program is run by the Iowa Student Loan Liquidity Corporation, a private, nonprofit corporation whose board of directors is appointed by the governor of Iowa.

      Market Factor Teacher Salaries
      Recognizing that districts need to be more competitive in recruiting and retaining talented professionals into the teaching profession, the legislature sought to encourage school districts to provide incentives for subject-area shortages through an annual allocation. Districts may use these allocations as market factor incentives to improve teacher salaries in subject-area shortages. (Other uses of these funds are also authorized.)
      Kansas Yes, teacher service scholarship program provides financial assistance to students and existing teachers pursuing bachelor's degree programs, endorsement or master's degrees in mathematics or science. (Also pertains to other hard-to-staff subjects and underserved geographical areas.) Eligible recipients may be awarded up to $5,000 during the 2007-08 academic year for full-time enrollment, or prorated for part-time enrollment.

      In order to fulfill their scholarship obligations, recipients must begin teaching mathematics or science within six months of licensure for a period matching the length of the course of instruction. Provisions allow for full- or part-time teaching to fulfill requirements.

      Additionally, 2007 legislation created the teacher education competitive grant program. The program will allow state educational institutions to apply for a competitive grant that would provide funds to establish or expand a teacher education program. Grants will be matched on the basis of $2 from the teacher education grant program for every $1 from the institution receiving the grant. Approved programs must be targeted at increasing the number of students who complete a course of instruction leading to licensure as a mathematics or science teacher in a hard-to-fill teaching discipline or teach in an underserved area. (Also pertains to other hard-to-staff subjects and underserved geographical areas.)
      Kentucky Yes, multiple provisions address recruitment of teachers in critical shortage areas, which include high school mathematics and science.

      Authorized Differential Pay
      School districts are authorized to develop differentiated compensation programs that provide additional compensation in order to recruit and retain teachers in critical shortage areas. A professional compensation fund was established to provide grants to school districts to pilot differentiated compensation programs, and may receive funds from state appropriations, grants, gifts or federal funds.

      Teacher Scholarship
      Program provides financial aid to highly qualified students pursuing initial teacher certification at participating state institutions. Applicants must be state residents enrolled full-time (unless enrolled for the final term of a teacher certification program and less than full-time enrollment is required to complete the program). Applicants must demonstrate financial need to qualify.

      Priority in scholarship distribution goes to juniors, seniors, post-baccalaureate or graduate students. If funds remain, freshmen and sophomores may receive scholarships as well. If a recipient does not complete the program or does not render qualified teaching service, the scholarship becomes a loan.

      Returning Retired Teachers
      Retired teachers in the state may return to teaching and continue to receive their retirement allowance provided they meet specified conditions; however, the department of education may employ retired members in full-time or part-time teaching positions without these limitations in order to fill critical shortage areas in the schools it operates, as can individual districts.

      District Teacher Certification Loan Fund
      Loans provide forgivable loans to emergency certified personnel, fully certified teachers who are willing to seek additional certification in hard-to-fill or critical shortage areas and paraprofessionals in local school districts to become fully certified teachers and to continue service within the local district. (Policy exists in legislation, although it has not been funded.)

      Minority Educator Recruitment and Retention Scholarship
      Competitive and renewable scholarship addresses the critical shortage of minority teachers especially in areas of mathematics and science. The scholarship is a renewable award to be used up to four academic years and is available to university and community college students.

      The scholarship provides financial assistance up to a maximum yearly award of $5,000 for minority students enrolled in teacher education programs available at any of Kentucky's eight state universities. If any of the eligibility requirements are not met, the scholarship converts to a loan payable at 6% annually.
      Louisiana Yes, multiple provisions.

      Tuition Opportunity Program for Students (TOPS) Teacher Award Program
      TOPS is a competitive scholarship created to provide an incentive for the state's best and brightest students to become classroom teachers and to provide an incentive that will attract highly qualified teachers in mathematics and chemistry. Loans can total up to $6,000 per year for mathematics and chemistry majors, compared with $4,000 for teacher education majors in other fields. Loans are forgiven on the basis of one year of forgiveness for one year of teaching in the classroom.

      Critical Teacher Shortage Incentive Program
      2001 legislation created the program to provide $3,000 for four years to newly certified teachers who agree to teach mathematics, biology, chemistry or physics. Eligible recipients are newly certified teachers holding a valid state teaching certificate in the area of mathematics, biology, chemistry or physics who become employed as a classroom teacher in at least one of such areas for the first time for the 2004-05 school year. Implementation of the program is subject to the appropriation of funds. (Program appears in statutes, although there is no evidence of funding or implementation.)

      Maine No
      Maryland Yes, multiple provisions.

      Sharon Christa McAuliffe Memorial Teacher Education Award
      Program provides eligible recipients with tuition assistance equal to the cost of tuition, mandatory fees and room and board. Eligible candidates include those who agree to teach in areas of critical shortage, which includes mathematics and science.

      Tuition Reimbursement for Retraining Teachers in Mathematics or Science
      Program provides tuition reimbursement for public school teachers currently certified in subjects other than mathematics or science. Recipients must agree to teach mathematics or science for at least two years following certification in mathematics or science.
      Massachusetts Yes, paraprofessionals who are pursuing a bachelor's degree in order to become a certified teacher are eligible for a tuition waiver program. Eligible individuals include public school paraprofessionals pursuing courses of study that will lead to certification as a teacher in specified subjects, including mathematics and science. Recipients must commit to teach in the public schools of the state upon graduation and certification. Grants may be used to defray the cost of tuition and fees at an in-state public college or university.
      Michigan No
      Minnesota No
      Mississippi Yes, multiple provisions address recruitment of teachers in subject shortage areas, which include mathematics, chemistry, physics and biology. Additionally, if funds are available, the legislature may authorize state funds for additional base compensation for teachers holding licenses in critical subject areas or the equivalent and who teach at least a majority of their courses in a critical subject area.

      Critical Needs Teacher Scholarship Program
      In order to attract qualified teachers, full scholarships are provided to those who teach or intend to teach in geographical areas and subject areas where shortages exist.

      Assistant Teacher Scholarship Program
      This program awards scholarships to attract and retain qualified teachers for academic subject areas in which there exists a critical shortage of teachers. Qualified assistant teachers may be awarded financial assistance in an amount equal to the actual cost of three three-hour academic courses per year. However, no assistant teacher may receive assistance through the program for more than fifteen 15 three-hour academic courses.
      Missouri
      Yes, the minority teaching scholarship program provides renewable scholarships to encourage minority students to enter teaching. Scholarships are available to eligible high school graduates and college students who are residents of the state, and who enter and make a commitment to pursue an approved teacher education program, or who after the completion of their baccalaureate degree enter teacher education and make a commitment to teach science or mathematics.
      Montana Yes, 2007 legislation created the quality educator loan assistance program. The program provides loan repayment assistance of up to $3,000 annually. Educational loans are loans made by a federal loan program, excluding federal Parents Loans for Undergraduate Students loans. The program is targeted towards specific subjects in schools that meet certain criteria. As of 2008, 79 high schools qualify for designation, and subjects targeted include mathematics and science.

      Nebraska Yes, the Attracting Excellence to Teaching Program provides forgivable loans to eligible students who agree to complete a teacher education program at an eligible institution and commit to teach in an accredited or approved public or private school. Loans are forgiven on a one year of service for one year of loan basis. Priorities for loans are to students who are majoring in subject shortage areas determined by the department of education. Subject shortage areas for 2007-08 include mathematics and science.
      Nevada Yes, 2007 legislation created the Grant Fund for Incentives for Licensed Educational Personnel. District are required to establish a program of incentive pay to attract and retain teachers who hold an endorsement in the field of mathematics or science. (Also pertains to other positions and subjects.) District boards of trustees may submit an application to the department of education to receive funds from the grant fund.

      New Hampshire None identified
      New Jersey None identified
      New Mexico Yes, the state provides for teacher student loans to students who declare their intent to serve as a public school teacher in a designated teacher shortage area. Teacher shortage areas may be either geographic or discipline specific. Preference in loans is given to qualified applicants who demonstrate financial need. Loans are forgiven on a one-year-of service in a teacher shortage area for one-year-of-loan basis. The state has designated 7th-12th grade mathematics and science as teacher shortage areas.
      New York Yes, multiple provisions.

      Math and Science Teaching Incentive Program
      The math and science teaching incentive program provides tuition grants to students attending school at the undergraduate and/or graduate degree level in exchange for five years of full-time employment as secondary education mathematics or science teachers.

      Additionally, several components of the state's Teachers of Tomorrow program address recruitment of teachers in subject shortage areas - which includes science and mathematics.

      Recruitment Incentives
      Provides annual $3,400 grants - ranging from one to four years - to teachers with initial, provisional, professional or permanent certification who agree to teach for the first time in a school district in a designated subject shortage area.

      Science and Mathematics Tuition Reimbursement Program
      Provides funds to reimburse teachers for courses taken towards meeting requirements for a transitional certificate to teach science or mathematics in a low performing school.  Provides an initial tuition reimbursement award of $4,000 per year (or the actual tuition cost of the approved program, whichever is less) and is renewable for an additional year.

      Teacher Recruitment Tuition Reimbursement Program
      Allows teachers with initial or provisional certification, who agree to teach for at least one year in a subject shortage area, to be reimbursed for up to $700 per course, $2,100 per year towards the cost of approved coursework taken towards earning permanent or professional certification. This award is renewable for one additional year.
      North Carolina Yes, multiple provisions.

      Future Teachers of North Carolina Scholarship Loan Fund
      This program provide scholarships/loans to college juniors and seniors who are seeking licensure to teach in certain subjects that include mathematics and science in North Carolina's public schools. The two-year scholarship-loan can be used at any state four-year institution that offers a teacher education program.

      Salary Supplement for Math and Science Teachers Pilot Program

      2005 S.B. 1741 (section 7.21) created a pilot program providing for a salary supplement for newly hired teachers of mathematics or science at the middle or high school level. The legislation directed the state board to develop the pilot program and select three local school administrative units to participate, targeting low-performing local school administrative units. $515,115 was allocated for the program.

      Alternative Teacher Salary Pilot
      2007 H.B. 966 directed the state board to establish a pilot program authorizing the implementation of alternative teacher salary plans to enable districts to develop programs to financially reward teachers through performance pay plans, recruiting teachers to the school unit, and recruiting teachers to hard-to-fill positions in specific subject areas.
      North Dakota Yes, the North Dakota University Teacher Shortage Loan Forgiveness Program reduces a student's loan for individuals teaching in the state in content areas that have a teacher shortage. Recipients are eligible to receive up to $1,000 per year in continued loan forgiveness for each consecutive year they teach in a teacher shortage area, for a maximum of three years or $3,000. Teachers shortage areas for 2007-08 include mathematics and science.
      Ohio Yes, multiple provisions in 2007 H.B. 119.

      STEM Teacher-Signing Bonuses
      This program provides signing bonuses of up to $20,000 to STEM teachers who teach in a public school district or a school district building designated as a hard to staff school by the department of education. Qualifying candidates must be licensed to teach, teach STEM and teach in a hard to staff school for five years. (Also pertains to foreign language teachers.)

      STEM Teacher Loan-Forgiveness
      The STEM Teacher Loan-Forgiveness program is designed to lure licensed teachers into STEM secondary classrooms. The program functions like the STEM Teacher-Signing Bonus program, but enables qualified candidates to receive college loan forgiveness rather than a cash signing bonus. (Also pertains to foreign language teachers.)
      Oklahoma Yes, multiple provisions.

      Teacher Shortage Employment Incentive Program
      This program reimburses eligible student loan expenses or pays an equivalent cash benefit to individuals who graduate from an Oklahoma accredited teacher education program, receive teaching certification in mathematics or science, and agree to teach in an Oklahoma public secondary school for at least five years.

      Future Teachers Scholarship
      This scholarship is awarded to high-achieving students who plan to teach in specified subjects, including science. Eligible recipients must agree to teach for at least three years in the subject area shortage upon graduation and certification. Awards depend upon full-time or part-time status of student and institution that the student attends, with a maximum award of $1,500 per school year. Recipients must be nominated by the college in which they are enrolled on the basis of specified criteria, which includes high school class ranking, ACT or SAT score, or a record of outstanding success at the undergraduate level.
      Oregon None identified
      Pennsylvania Yes, the Scholars in Education Award provides forgivable loans to eligible residents who intend to teach science or mathematics. To be eligible, recipients must agree to spend the major portion of the school day teaching mathematics or science for one school year for each annual award the student receives. Fulfillment of the teaching commitment commences with the school year immediately following receipt of the bachelor's degree. Recipients who fail to honor the specified teaching commitment are required to repay to the amount of the awards received plus interest.
      Rhode Island None identified
      South Carolina Yes, the South Carolina Teacher Loan Program allows recipients to cancel portions of their loan indebtedness by teaching in certain critical geographic and subject areas. Mathematics and science are listed as critical shortage areas for the 2008-09 school year. Loans for teachers in critical shortage subjects are forgiven at a rate of 20% of the loan amount for each year spent teaching in a public school. Funds also may be used for the cost of participation in the critical needs certification program.
      South Dakota None identified
      Tennessee Yes, multiple provisions.

      Tennessee Math and Science Teacher's Loan Forgiveness
      This program provides financial assistance to public school teachers seeking an advanced degree in mathematics or science, or a certification to teach mathematics or a science. Loan forgiveness requires employment in a public school system two years for each year of the loan. Recipients will receive $2,000 per academic year, regardless of the number of terms enrolled within that academic year. The total amount may not exceed $10,000.

      HOPE Teacher's Scholarship
      Tenured public school teachers may receive HOPE Teacher's Scholarships if they meet specified eligibility requirements. Recipients must be admitted to and attending an eligible postsecondary institution seeking an advanced degree in mathematics or science, or certification to teach mathematics or science. Recipients must maintain satisfactory progress in their program of study and agree to teach mathematics or science for two academic years for each year of scholarship funding. Scholarships awarded to a teacher shall be $2,000 per year, with the total award not to exceed $10,000 for all years required for the teacher's program of study.
      Texas Yes, multiple provisions.

      Careers to Classrooms
      This program is designed to recruit teachers to districts with concentrations of disadvantaged students where there is a shortage of teachers in mathematics, science, computer science and engineering. The program provides a stipend of $5,000 to mitigate the costs incurred while obtaining certification as a teacher or educational aid. Recipients must agree to teach mathematics or science for two years in a district with a concentration of disadvantaged students.

      Classroom Teacher Repayment Assistance Program

      The purpose of the Classroom Teacher Repayment Assistance Program is to recruit and retain classroom teachers in communities and subjects for which there is an acute shortage of teachers. Mathematics and science have been designated as teacher shortage areas by the Texas Education Agency for the 2007-08 school year. Eligible recipients must have been teaching in a public school in the state for at least one year, and may be awarded funds for loan repayment up to $5,000.

      Teach for Texas Loan Repayment Assistance Program
      This program is designed to attract and retain teachers to shortage areas. It qualifies teachers in shortage areas for education loan repayment for up to $5,000. Shortage areas include mathematics and science. Recipients are eligible for a maximum annual repayment amount of $5,000, with a total amount of $20,000. Annual loan repayments are disbursed after verification of eligible teaching for a complete academic year.

      Future Teacher Loan Program

      The purpose of the Future Teacher Loan Program is to provide forgiveable loans to students preparing to teach subjects for which teachers are critically needed. In order to be eligible, applicants must be enrolled in an approved teacher education program, be preparing to teach a critical need subject and have established financial need. The maximum amount of loan to any qualified applicant in a fiscal year is $2,500, with $5,000 as the maximum amount any one recipient may receive. Mathematics and science have been designated as teacher shortage areas by the Texas Education Agency for the 2007-08 school year.

      District Awards for Teacher Excellence (DATE)
      The DATE program offers districts with flexibility in designing a financial award system that meets their local needs and promotes academic achievement. Under this program, a district must create a district-wide award program or choose to target certain schools within the district. Part II funds - which represent a maximum of 40% of the total district award - may be used to recruit and retain teachers in critical shortage areas.

      Awards for Student Achievement
      The Awards for Student Achievement program provides eligible campuses with grant funds to be used to reward teachers who have a positive impact on improving student achievement. Campuses must use 75% of awarded funds to provide incentive payments to classroom teachers. When distributing funds to classroom teachers, campuses may take into consideration that a teacher is teaching a subject that has been designated by the state commissioner as a subject historically experiencing a critical shortage of teachers. Mathematics and science have been designated as teacher shortage areas by the Texas Education Agency for the 2007-08 school year.
      Utah Yes, multiple provisions.

      Salary Supplement
      2008 legislation created a salary supplement beginning in fiscal year 2008-09 for teachers of certain subjects, including secondary mathematics, chemistry or physics. Qualified full-time teachers would be eligible for a salary supplement of $4,100, with part-time teachers receiving an adjusted portion of that amount.

      The legislation directs the Department of Human Resource Management to create an online application system for a teacher to apply to receive a salary supplement through the Teacher Salary Supplement Program, determine teacher eligibility and certify a list of eligible teachers and the amount of their salary supplement to the Division of Finance.

      The bill also created the Utah Science, Technology and Research (USTAR) Initiative Centers Program. The voluntary grant was created to provide financial incentives for districts and charter schools to adopt programs that result in a more efficient use of human resources and capital facilities. Grant money may be used to provide full-year teacher contracts, part-time teacher contact extensions or combinations of bother for mathematics and science teachers.

      Public Education Job Enhancement Program
      Program is designed in part to attract, train and retain highly qualified secondary teachers with expertise in mathematics, physics, chemistry, physical science, learning technology or information technology. The program provides for a competitive award of up to $20,000 or a scholarship to cover the tuition costs for a master's degree, an endorsement or graduate education to be given to selected public school teachers who agree to teach in the state's public education system for four years. Recipients are responsible for repayment of award for failing to fulfill commitment.

      Vermont Yes, state offers partial or complete loan cancellation under its student loan program for a borrower who is employed for a complete school year who is teaching full-time in the mathematics, science or computer science during a year when there is a critical shortage of licensed teachers in that area. For the 2007-08 school year, secondary mathematics and science are listed as areas of critical shortage.
      Virginia Yes, the Virginia Teaching Scholarship Loan Program provides financial support to students who are preparing to teach in an area of critical teaching shortage. Upon completion of the teacher preparation program, the scholarship-loan may be totally forgiven if the student teaches for four semesters in the critical shortage field. For the 2007-08 school year, 6th-12th grade mathematics was designated a critical shortage area.
      Washington Yes, multiple provisions.

      Future Teachers Conditional Scholarship and Loan Repayment Program
      Encourages students and paraprofessionals to become teachers, and encourages current teachers to obtain additional endorsements in teacher shortage subjects. Participants agree to teach in a public school in return for scholarships or repayment of student loans. Individuals seeking certification or additional endorsements in mathematics or science receive priority. (Additional subjects also receive priority.)

      Incentive Loan Program for Mathematics and Science Teachers
      Provides long-term educational loans to applicants with demonstrated academic competency and financial need who intend to pursue teaching careers in mathematics or science in public schools. The program offers a financial incentive by providing the forgiveness of loan repayments for each payment period in which the borrower teaches science or mathematics in a Washington public school.

      Masters in Education Reimbursement Program
      Partially reimburses teachers or teacher candidates for educational expenses incurred when they receive a master's degree in teaching or education. In order to be eligible for reimbursement, recipients must return to teach in a public school. Expenses incurred may be repaid for one year of master's level studies at an eligible institution of higher education. Priority is given to applicants who possess a mathematics or science teaching credential.
      West Virginia Yes, the Underwood-Smith Teacher Scholarship provides up to $5,000 for each academic year of higher education in preparation for becoming a teacher. Recipients are required to fulfill a two-year teaching commitment for each year of scholarship receipt within 10 years of completing the preparation program. Priority is given to the most highly qualified applicants who intend to pursue teaching careers in areas of critical need and shortage - who are required to fulfill one year of teaching for each year of scholarship - and those who show interest in pursuing teaching careers in mathematics and science and who are underrepresented in those fields.
      Wisconsin None identified
      Wyoming Yes, the teacher shortage loan repayment program targets future teachers in mathematics, science, special education and foreign language. The loan program is designed to meet the unmet financial needs of students who are at least juniors in teacher education programs at the University of Wyoming.

      Recipients repay their loans by working at least 50% in the targeted areas listed above. The loan obligations must be met in the minimum amount of time necessary to repay plus two years. For purposes of repayment, one year of full-time employment repays the loan balance for one academic year of enrollment.

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