Student Accountability Initiatives: No Pass No Drive
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Student Accountability Initiatives: No Pass No Drive

No-pass, no-drive is a policy in which a student's driver's license is revoked typically because of poor attendance (habitual truancy) and/or poor academic performance.

Why does it matter? Students need to know that attendance matters. A driver's license can serve as a meaningful incentive to attend school.

Highlights:

  • Twenty-seven states have "no-pass, no-drive" policies.
  • Seventeen states condition a student's driving privilege exclusively on compliance with attendance requirements.
  • Three states (Kansas, Louisiana and Oregon) revoke a student's driving privilege based exclusively on suspensions, expulsions or other disciplinary actions.
  • Four states (Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina and West Virginia) condition a student's driving privilege on compliance with attendance requirements and/or satisfactory academic progress in school.
  • Two states (Illinois and Indiana) revoke a student's driving privilege based on suspensions, expulsions or other safety infractions and/or non-compliance with attendance requirements.
  • One state (Tennessee) conditions a student's driving privilege on compliance with attendance requirements and/or satisfactory academic progress in school and revokes the driving privilege of a student who is suspended for a year or expelled.

  • Methodology: This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agencies, and will be updated as new policies and programs are enacted.

    Sources for all data points are available through this link.

    Last updated: July 30, 2007

    Research conducted by Michael Colasanti. Please contact Jennifer Dounay Zinth at 303.299.3689 or jdounay@ecs.org with comments or questions about this database.



    No Pass No Drive
    Alabama Yes
    Notes/Citation: For students under 19, the state conditions the issuance of a driver's license on school enrollment and attendance.
    Alaska No
    Arizona No
    Arkansas Yes
    Notes/Citation: Students who have excessive absences or have dropped out will have their licenses revoked.
    California Yes
    Notes/Citation: A student who is a habitual truant may have his/her driving privileges revoked.
    Colorado No
    Connecticut No
    Delaware Yes
    Notes/Citation: A habitually truant student may have his/her driver's permit or license revoked.
    District of Columbia No
    Florida Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must fulfill school attendance requirements to be eligible to drive.
    Georgia Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must have a high school diploma or its equivalent or be enrolled in school to receive a driver's license.
    Hawaii No
    Idaho Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must hold a high school diploma or its equivalent or be enrolled in school to receive a driver's license.
    Illinois Yes
    Notes/Citation: A graduated driver's license will not be issued to minors (who are not emancipated) unless they have either graduated from high school (or obtained a GED), enrolled in a course leading to a GED certificate or enrolled in an elementary or secondary school or college or university in the state. Students who have been expelled also face revocation of their driving privileges.
    Indiana Yes
    Notes/Citation: A driver's license can be withheld if the student is habitually truant, under a second suspension, is expelled or has dropped out.
    Iowa Yes
    Notes/Citation: Anyone under the age of 18 who does not attend school may not receive a driver's license.
    Kansas Yes
    Notes/Citation: Students who violate certain school safety measures (possession of a weapon or controlled substance, inflicting serious injury to others) have their driving privileges revoked for one year.
    Kentucky Yes
    Notes/Citation: Students age 16 and 17 have their licenses revoked for at least one semester if student does not pass four courses in preceding semester or if the student drops out.
    Louisiana Yes
    Notes/Citation: A suspension or expulsion from school (for 10 or more consecutive days) results in a revocation of a student's driver's license or his/her ability to obtain one.
    Maine No
    Maryland No
    Massachusetts No
    Michigan No
    Minnesota No
    Mississippi Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must be enrolled in school and making satisfactory progress to obtain a driver's license.
    Missouri No
    Montana No
    Nebraska No
    Nevada Yes
    Notes/Citation: Minors who are adjudicated as habitual truants for the first time have their driver's license suspended for up to six months. A second adjudication results in a suspension of up to one year.
    New Hampshire No
    New Jersey No
    New Mexico Yes
    Notes/Citation: Students classified as habitual truants may have their driving privileges revoked.
    New York No
    North Carolina Yes
    Notes/Citation: To obtain a driver's license, a minor must have a high school diploma or its equivalent, or a driving eligibility certificate (which requires enrollment in school and progress towards graduation.)
    North Dakota No
    Ohio Yes
    Notes/Citation: Minors who withdraw from school or are habitually absent can have their driver's permit or license revoked.
    Oklahoma Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must be enrolled in school or have a high school diploma to receive a driver's license.
    Oregon Yes
    Notes/Citation: A school district may establish a policy to revoke a student's driving privileges if expelled for a weapons possession at school or if suspended at least twice for possession of controlled substances or violent behavior while at school.
    Pennsylvania No
    Rhode Island Yes
    Notes/Citation: Truant students may have their driving privileges revoked.
    South Carolina Yes
    Notes/Citation: Students younger than 17 must have a high school diploma or its equivalent or must be enrolled and attending school in order to receive a driver's license.
    South Dakota No
    Tennessee Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must have a high school diploma or its equivalent or must be enrolled and making satisfactory progress in school to receive a driver's license. Also, any students who have committed an offense resulting in a mandatory one year suspension or expulsion from school may have their driving privileges revoked for up to two years or until they turn 18.
    Texas Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must have a high school diploma or its equivalent or must be enrolled in school to receive a driver's license.
    Utah No
    Vermont No
    Virginia Yes
    Notes/Citation: Evidence of compliance with the state's compulsory school attendance laws must be presented for a minor to obtain a driver's license.
    Washington No
    West Virginia Yes
    Notes/Citation: A minor must have a high school diploma or its equivalent or must be enrolled and making progress in school.
    Wisconsin Yes
    Notes/Citation: Students who drop out of high school may have their driver's licenses revoked.
    Wyoming No
    Puerto Rico No
    Virgin Islands No


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