State Boards of Education
Education Commission of the States • 700 Broadway, Suite 810 • Denver, CO 80203-3442 • 303.299.3600 • Fax: 303.296.8332 • www.ecs.org

State Boards of Education

August 2013

State Board of Education
Alabama

Alabama State Board of Education

There are 9 voting members of the state board, each of whom is elected to a 4 year term. The  governor is an ex-officio voting member.

Alaska

Alaska State Board of Education

There are 7 voting members (9 members total) of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 5 year overlapping terms, subject to confirmation by a majority of the members of the legislature in joint session. A student advisor and a military advisor are non-voting members. There are no ex-officio members. 

Arizona

Arizona State Board of Education

There are 9 voting members of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 4 year terms (except the elected superintendent of public instruction who is an ex-officio member).

Arkansas

Arkansas State Board of Education

There are 9 voting members appointed by the governor for 7 year terms. There are no ex-officio or non-voting members.

California

California State Board of Education

There are 11 voting members of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 4 year staggered terms, except the voting student member's term is 1 year. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.
Colorado

Colorado State Board of Education

There are 7 voting members of the state board of education who are elected to 6 year terms. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

Connecticut

Connecticut State Board of Education

There are 10 voting members (13 members total) of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 4 year terms. The commissioner of higher education serves as an ex-officio, non-voting member and 2 students serve as non-voting members for a one term.

Delaware

Delaware State Board of Education

There are 7 voting members of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 6 year staggered terms. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

District of Columbia Serves in an advisory capacity only. There are 9 elected members (11 members total) of the state board whose staggered term length coincides with the DC council ward representatives' term.  Two elected high school juniors and seniors from public or public charter schools can serve for a school year with a 2 term limit.

Florida

Florida State Board of Education

There are 7 voting members (8 members total) of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 4 year staggered terms and who can be reappointed by the governor but cannot serve more than 2 consecutive terms. The commissioner of education serves in an advisory capacity on the board.

Georgia

The Georgia Board of Education

There are 15 voting members of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 7 year staggered terms. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

Hawaii

Hawaii State Board of Education

There are 9 voting members (11 members total) of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 3 year terms with a 3 term limit. One student and one military representative serve as non-voting members. There are no ex-officio members.

Idaho

Idaho State Board of Education

There are 8 voting members of the state board of education. Seven of the 8 voting members are appointed by the governor for terms of 5 years. The 8th voting member, the state superintendent of public instruction, is an ex-officio voting member elected to a term of 4 years. The Idaho State Board provides general oversight and governance for public K-20 education.

Illinois

Illinois State Board of Education

There are 9 voting members of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 4 year terms with a 2 term limit. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

Indiana

Indiana State Board of Education

There are 11 voting members of the state board of education. Ten of the voting members are appointed by the governor for 4 year terms, 1 from each congressional district. No more than 6 of the 10 may be from the same political party, and at least 4 must be educators. The state superintendent of public instruction is an ex-officio voting member and chairs the board.

Iowa

Iowa State Board of Education

There are 9 voting members (10 members total) of the state board of education (plus a non-voting student member whose term is for a year if in 11th grade and two years if in 10th grade) who are appointed by the governor for 6 year terms, with the terms of 3 members expiring every 2 years. There are no ex-officio members.

Kansas

Kansas State Board of Education

There are 10 voting members of the state board of education who are elected to 4 year staggered terms. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

Kentucky

Kentucky Board of Education

There are 11 voting members (12 members total) of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 4 year staggered terms with confirmation by the legislature. The executive director of the council on higher education is an ex-officio, non-voting member.

Louisiana

Louisiana Board of Elementary and Secondary Education

There are 11 voting members of the state board of education who serve 4 year terms. Three of the 11 voting members are appointed by the governor, and the remaining 8 voting members are elected. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

Maine

Maine State Board of Education

There are 9 voting members of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 5 year terms with a 2 term limit and 2 student non-voting members (a junior and senior in high school) who serve for 2 year terms. There are no ex-officio members.

Maryland

Maryland State Board of Education

There are 12 voting members of the state board of education (which includes a student member who serves a single year term with a 2 term limit) who are appointed by the governor for 4 year staggered terms with a 2 term limit.  There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

Massachusetts

Massachusetts Board of Elementary and Secondary Education

There are 11 voting members of the state board of education. Nine of the 11 voting members are appointed by the governor and serve 5 year terms. One member of the 9 appointed by the governor serves a 4 year concurrent term with the governor. One of the 11 voting members, a high school student, is elected by the state student advisory council and serves a single year term. One of the 11 voting members, the secretary of education, is an ex-officio member appointed by the state board of education.
Michigan

Michigan State Board of Education

There are 8 voting members (10 members total) of the state board of education who are elected to terms of 8 years. The governor and chief state school officer are ex-officio, non-voting members.

Minnesota There is no state board of education.
Mississippi

Mississippi Board of Education

There are 9 voting members of the state board of education who are appointed to serve for 9 year staggered terms. Five of the 9 voting members are appointed by the governor, 2 of the 9 are appointed by the lieutenant governor and 2 of the 9 are appointed by the speaker of the house. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

Missouri

Missouri State Board of Education

There are 8 voting members of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 8 year terms with the advice and consent of the senate. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

Montana

Montana Board of Public Education

There are 7 voting members (11 members total) of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 7 year staggered terms. A non-voting student member is appointed by the governor and serves a single year term. The governor, the commissioner of higher education and the chief state school officer are ex-officio, non-voting members.

Nebraska

Nebraska State Board of Education

There are 8 voting members (9 members total) of the state board of education who are elected to 4 year terms. The commissioner of education is a non-voting, advisory-only member.

Nevada

Nevada State Board of Education

There are 7 voting members (11 members total) of the state board of education. Four voting members are elected by voters of each congressional district to a 4 year term with a 3 term limit, 3 are appointed by the governor (one of whom is nominated by the senate majority leader, one of whom is nominated by the speaker of the assembly) to a 2 year term.  Four non-voting members are appointed by the governor (one member from the board of trustees of a school district, one member who is a superintendent of a school district, one member from the Nevada System of Higher Education, and a student member) to single year terms.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire State Board of Education

There are 7 voting members of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 4 year terms with a 3 term limit. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

New Jersey

New Jersey State Board of Education

There are 13 appointed voting members of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 6 year terms with the senate's consent. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

New Mexico

There is no state board of education (the New Mexico Board of Education was removed in 2003 by constitutional amendment).

The New Mexico Public Education Commission is advisory only.

The New Mexico public education commission is a cabinet department headed by the secretary of education, who is appointed by the governor and confirmed by the senate. The Public Education Commission consists of 10 elected voting members who serve 4 year staggered terms. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

New York

New York State Board of Regents

There are 17 voting members of the state board of regents who are appointed by the legislature for 5 year terms. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

North Carolina

North Carolina State Board of Education

There are 13 voting members (19 members total) of the state board of education. Eleven of the 13 members are appointed by the governor with the legislature's consent for 8 year overlapping terms. Two of the 13 voting members, the lieutenant governor and state treasurer, are elected, ex-officio, members. The teacher of the year, the principal of the year and one local school board member are ex-officio, non-voting members. One high school junior, one high school senior and one local superintendent are non-voting members.

North Dakota

North Dakota State Board of Public Education

There are 7 voting members of the state board of education. Six of the 7 voting members are appointed by the governor for 6 year staggered terms. One of the 7 voting members, the superintendent of public instruction, is an elected, ex-officio member.

Ohio

Ohio State Board of Education

There are 19 voting members (21 members total) of the state board of education who serve 4 year terms. Eight are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate, and the remaining 11 are elected. The house education committee chairperson and the senate education committee chairperson are ex-officio, non-voting members.

Oklahoma

Oklahoma State Board of Education

There are 7 voting members of the state board of education who serve 6 year staggered terms. Six are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate. The elected state superintendent of public instruction is an ex-officio member who serves for a term of 4 years.

Oregon

Oregon State Board of Education

There are 7 voting members (9 members total) of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the senate for terms of 4 years with a 2 consecutive term limit. The secretary of state and state treasurer (or their respective designee) are ex-officio, non-voting members.

Oregon Education Investment Board (OEIB)

There are 13 voting members of the Oregon Education Investment Board, 12 of whom are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the senate and serve at the governor's pleasure. The governor serves as the chairperson of the Oregon Education Investment Board.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania State Board of Education

There are 21 voting members (22 members total) of the state board of education, 17 of whom are appointed by the governor, confirmed by the senate, and serve 6 year terms. The remaining four voting members, the majority and minority chairpersons of the house and senate education committees or their respective designees from such committees, are elected, ex-officio members. The chairperson of the Professional Standards and Practices Commission is an ex-officio, non-voting member.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island Board of Education

There are 11 voting members of the state board of education, which is a K-20 board. All 11 are appointed by the governor  for 3 year staggered terms with a 2 term limit.

South Carolina

South Carolina State Board of Education

There are 17 voting members of the state board of education who serve 4 year staggered terms. One of the 17 voting members is appointed by the governor. Sixteen of the 17 voting members are appointed from each of the 16 judicial circuits by the legislative delegations representing the various circuits. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

South Dakota

South Dakota State Board of Education

There are 9 voting members appointed by the governor for 4 year terms (with the advice and consent of the senate).  There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

Tennessee

Tennessee State Board of Education

There are 10 voting members (11 members total) of the state board of education who are appointed by the governor for 5 year staggered terms. The ex-officio student member's term consist of a single year. The executive director of the Tennessee Higher Education Commission is an ex officio, nonvoting member.

Texas

Texas State Board of Education

There are 15 voting members of the state board of education who are elected for 4 year staggered terms.  There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

Utah

Utah State Board of Education

There are 15 voting members (19 members total) of the state board of education who are elected for 4 year staggered terms. There are also 4 non-voting members (2 appointed by the chair of the board of regents, one appointed by the chair of the board of trustees, and one appointed by the chair of the state charter school board) who serve until they are replaced. There are no ex-officio members.

Vermont

Vermont State Board of Education

There are 10 members appointed by the governor for 6 year terms with the senate's advice and consent. Two student members, one voting and one non-voting, serve 2 year terms. There are no ex-officio members.

Virginia

Virgina State Board of Education

There are 9 voting members who are appointed by the governor for 4 year terms with a 2 term limit. There are no ex-officio and/or non-voting members.

Washington

Washington State Board of Education

There are 14 voting members (16 members total) who serve 4 year staggered terms with a two term limit. Five are elected by school board directors, 7 are appointed by the governor, 2 non-voting student representatives are selected by the Washington association of student councils, one member is elected by the approved private school boards of directors, and the state superintendent.

West Virginia

West Virginia Board of Education

There are 12 voting members who serve 9 year overlapping terms. Nine are appointed by the governor with the senate's consent and 3 are ex-officio members, including the state superintendent of schools.

Wisconsin There is no state board of education.
Wyoming

Wyoming State Board of Education

There are 11 voting members (13 members total) who are appointed by the governor for 6 year terms with the senate's consent. The state superintendent of public instruction and director of the department of education serve as ex officio, non-voting members.


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