Transfer and Articulation - Statewide Credit by Assessment

Transfer and Articulation - Statewide Credit by Assessment

May 2014

Policy Definitions: The term “statewide” refers to policies that apply to all public two- and four-year institutions. Policies that apply only to certain systems and voluntary agreements are not considered statewide.

Statewide credit by assessment is a long-standing but recently expanding policy approach intended to provide college-level credit through tests or other academic evidence. This database examines policies regarding the following standard assessments: the Prior Learning Assessment (PLA), College Level Examination Program (CLEP) assessment, Advanced Placement (AP) and International Baccalaureate. This database does not include policies specific to PLA for military personnel.   

Statewide Credit by Assessment
Alabama No. Not statewide. However, Alabama Community College System has had a policy in place since 2008: Credit Awarded through Non-Traditional Means
Alaska No. However, the Board of Regents policy states that campuses may apply credit for experiential learning, credit for prior learning and credit by examination, which falls within the institution's regular curriculum.
Arizona Yes. Sec 19 (ARS 15-1626) and Sec 21 (ARS 15-1782) require the Board of Regents, in consultation with the community college districts, to develop and implement common equivalencies for specific levels of achievement on advanced placement examinations and international baccalaureate examinations.
Arkansas No.
California No.
Colorado Partially. A 2010 law provides that students may receive equivalent course credit from related examinations, such as AP, IB, and CLEP. Students may test out of core courses, free of tuition. However, each public institution of higher education is responsible for establishing its own program to determine academic credit for prior learning.
Connecticut No. However, Charter Oak State College, the state’s online public institution, has a system in place to assess Credit for Prior Learning and has College-Level Examination Programs (CLEP).
Delaware Partially. Not system-wide. Delaware Community College System has a Credit for Prior Learning program that gives credit for work or life experiences that equate to college-level knowledge.
Florida FL. STAT § 1006.735 and 1007.27
Yes. The Complete Florida Degree Program directs the University of West Florida, while working with other postsecondary institutions, to develop competency-based tools to assess prior experience to reduce time-to-degree for adult near-completers. FL. STAT § 1007.27 provides specific guidelines for articulated acceleration mechanisms, including the award of postsecondary credit for examinations.
Georgia No. There is not currently a statewide policy but the University of Georgia System and the Technical College System of Georgia are working to significantly increase the number of institutions that use the Prior Learning Assessment and that give credit for CLEP, AP, IB, portfolios, exemption exams, military experiences and business credentials.
Hawaii Yes. Section 304A-802, Hawaii Revised Statutes
A 2012 state policy establishes a college-credit equivalency program at the university and the community colleges to award college credits for students who have successfully completed – at a high school, business school, trade school, adult education school, or military training program – courses that are equivalent to courses offered for credit in the University of Hawaii system. Credits may also be awarded for work or other experiences at the discretion of the university.
Idaho No. Each institution is responsible for establishing its own policies and procedures regarding prior learning credit. However, the board currently has a task force evaluating how to best develop a statewide prior-learning assessment system.
Illinois No.
Indiana Partially. IND. CODE § 21-42-3-1 states that state educational institutions must allow a student to receive equal credit by successfully completing equivalency testing in the subject area.
Iowa No. Board of Regents policy states that institutions contemplating any major expansion of the credit-by-examination program must inform the board.    
Kansas Partially. Board of Regents policy states that “College Level Examination Program (CLEP) credit awarded by any state university in conformity with this policy shall be transferable to all other state universities. One half of the credit hours earned through campus developed and administered tests may be included in the instructional base.” However, there are no uniform statewide policies.
Kentucky Yes. Kentucky Standard Acceptable Scores for National Exams was created by the Council on Postsecondary Education, in collaboration with the public universities and community and technical colleges. The standard lists credit-by-exam equivalencies and common passing scores for national exams transferable for general education courses and program-specific prerequisites courses.
Louisiana Yes. S.B. 285/Act 356 from 2009 mandates the Board of Regents to develop a uniform policy regarding the acceptance of college credit earned by students through Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate examinations.
Maine No. Each institution has its own policy.
Maryland Yes. New regulations were adopted by the Maryland Higher Education Commission in March 2014 to lift existing caps on the use of credit-by-exam and other competency-based methods of assessing student learning among Maryland higher education institutions. As of April 2014, the new regulations have yet to be released in the Code of Maryland Regulations.
Massachusetts No.
Michigan No.
Minnesota Partially. Under a University of Minnesota Administrative Policy (Credit for Nationally-Recognized Exams for Undergraduate Students), students will be awarded credits based on nationally recognized examinations (Advanced Placement [AP] program, the International Baccalaureate [IB] program, and the College-Level Examination Program [CLEP]) when they meet the minimum standards for the campus awarding the credit. 

Mississippi No.
Missouri No. The policies for awarding credit by examination and nontraditional learning vary from one institution to another.
Montana Partially. MBRHE policy manual states that all campuses of the MUS and community colleges must develop credit-by-exam standards but there is no uniform statewide policy.
Nebraska No.
Nevada Partially. Board of Regents, Title 4, Chapter 14, Section 22, states that each institution must establish procedures for administering and accepting credit by examination. There are, however, no specific statewide score requirements.
New Hampshire No.
New Jersey No. However, 2010 legislation mandates that higher education institutions credit apprenticeship experiences through the New Jersey Pathways Leading Apprentices to a College Education (NJPLACE) towards two-year and four-year degrees.
New Mexico No.
New York No.
North Carolina No. Institutional policies vary.
North Dakota Yes. North Dakota State Board of Higher Education has statewide policies in place. Common Credit-By-Exam guidelines are found in SBHE Policy 403.7.4. Examinations for equivalent courses, credits and minimum passing scores are listed on the Common Credit-By-Exam chart.
Ohio Yes. Ohio Board of Regents statewide policy and mandated by the Ohio General Assembly in 2007. Ohio students scoring at least a “3” on an AP exam are guaranteed college credit and a course equivalent at any Ohio public institution. The exact number of credits and the applicability of those credits toward a degree vary. The Ohio Board of Regents’ PLA with a Purpose Initiative is examining further prior learning assessments.
Oklahoma Yes. State Regents for Higher Education Policy 3.15 states that the state system should provide a systematic and comparable means through which students might be awarded credit for
extrainstitutional learning. Credit for extrainstitutional learning is transferable on the same basis as if the credit had been earned through regular study at the awarding institution. The policy outlines specific exams, assessments and methods for awarding credit.
Oregon Yes. Legislation in 2012 (H.B. 4059) charges Higher Education Coordinating Commission, in collaboration with other state agencies and postsecondary institutions, with increasing the number of students receiving academic credit for prior learning and high-quality, course-level competencies; developing clear, transparent prior learning policies; improving prior learning assessments; developing prior learning credit articulation agreements and developing outcome measures for prior learning.
Pennsylvania No.
Rhode Island Yes. Board of Governors of Higher Education policy states, “For the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP), the receiving institution will accept the American Council on Education (ACE) recommended credit-granting score for the year in which the examination was taken. Credit awarded through examination or other forms of assessment shall be identified as such on the transcript. These transcripted credits will be honored by the receiving institution.”
South Carolina Yes. State law requires that each public institution must award credit for scores of “3” or better on pertinent Advanced Placement exams and must adopt and implement a policy for the acceptance of International Baccalaureate credit for first-time freshman students who have scored “4” or above on any higher-level IB course examination.
South Dakota Partially. Regents policy states that CLEP and AP credit accepted by one Regental institution will transfer to all Regental institutions.
Tennessee Yes. Tennessee Board of Regents Policy 2-01-00-04 and guideline A-030 states that credit based on Prior Learning Assessment (PLA) at another TBR institution will be accepted in transfer and applied toward the student’s degree in the same way that any other type of transfer credit is accepted. The UT system also has agreed to allow PLA credits that fall within the Tennessee Transfer Pathways to transfer in the same manner as their course equivalencies do. 
Texas No.
Utah Yes. UTAH CODE ANN. §53B-16-105 and in Board of Regents policy.
Vermont Partially. Each higher education system has its own policy.
Virginia Partially. S.B. 209 (2010) requires that the governing boards of each public institution of higher education implement policies to grant credit to entering freshman students who have successfully completed the IB diploma program, AP exams or Cambridge English Language Assessment. However, there is no uniform cut-score and each institution determines its own policy.
Washington Yes. WASH. REV. CODE § 28B.10.053. Institutions of higher education have developed a master list of postsecondary courses that can be fulfilled by taking the Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, or other recognized college-level proficiency examinations, including but not limited to examinations by a national multidisciplinary science, technology, engineering and mathematics program, and meeting the qualifying examination score or demonstrated competencies for lower division general education requirements or postsecondary professional technical requirements.
West Virginia Yes. Commission policy states that students in West Virginia state colleges and universities may be awarded credit for the successful completion of any or all of the CLEP subject examinations presently offered or developed in the future. Additionally, high school students completing Advanced Placement exams with a minimum score of “3” will receive credit at any institution in the West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission and the Community and Technical College System of West Virginia.
Wisconsin No. The University of Wisconsin System Undergraduate Transfer Policy states that each institution can establish its own proficiency score levels.
Wyoming Partially. University of Wyoming policy accepts Advanced Placement Program (AP), demonstrated proficiency and the College Level Examination Program (CLEP). However, such nontraditional credits awarded by another institution may not be accepted by the University of Wyoming.

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