Curriculum and Alignment
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Curriculum and Alignment

March 2014


Curriculum: Every state has created either standards or guidelines for early learning that provide a framework for curriculum development.

Curriculum and Alignment
Alabama Early Learning Guidelines for children from birth to five include literacy and developmental domains.
Alaska The Department of Education and Early Development provides a curriculum alignment framework for K-10 in reading, writing and mathematics. The K-12 Science Curricular Initiative (AKSCI) provides curriculum frameworks for science.
Arizona Early Learning Standards provide a framework for quality learning experiences for children aged 3 to 5 and include all four core subjects as well as Social/Emotional development, The Arts, and Physical Development, Health and Safety.

School districts are required to implement a scientifically based K-3 reading curriculum and evidence based interventions.
Arkansas Early Childhood Education Framework for ages three and four includes literacy development as well as social/emotional development.
California Pre-Kindergarten Learning and Development Guidelines include all core subjects, social-emotional development, the arts,  health and physical development.

Requires districts to provide educational continuity from preschool through grade 3, with an integrated, experiential, and developmentally appropriate educational program.
Colorado State standards include Pre-K through grade 12. Districts must implement a course of study that begins in Pre-K or Kindergarten and enables students to demonstrate attainment of elementary and secondary education standards.
Connecticut The Early Childhood Guide and Preschool Curriculum Framework provide standards in all core subjects and others including social-emotional competence.

As of July 1, 2013, the state requires a coordinated system of early care and education that  includes appropriate early learning curriculum, standards and assessment tools for children from birth to five aligned with K-12 standards.
Delaware Early Learning Foundations for School Success include standards in core subjects as well as emotional and social development, creative arts and approaches to learning.
District of Columbia Early learning standards are provided for infants and toddlers as well as preschool students and include all core subjects as well as social and emotional
development and approaches to learning.
Florida Pre-K standards include literacy as well as approaches to learning, social and emotional development and other domains.Statute requires a K-20 coordinated, seamless system for kindergarten through graduate school education aligned with student performance expectations.
Georgia Early learning standards are provided for every year of a child's life through age 3 and for Pre-K. Standards are aligned to Kindergarten standards and include language and cognitive development as well as emotional and social development and other domains. K-12 uniformly sequenced core curriculum.
Hawaii Curricula are required to be aligned across all grade levels, and specifically address the state content and performance standards.
Idaho Early learning guidelines include all core subjects as well as approaches to learning and social and emotional development and are aligned with standards through third grade.

K-3 curriculum is required to align with the Idaho Comprehensive Literacy Plan
Illinois Early Learning Standards are aligned with K-12 standards and include benchmarks in Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Science, Physical Development and Health, Fine Arts, Foreign Language, and Social/Emotional Development
Indiana Foundations for Young Children include standards for children aged birth to five provide standards in all core areas as well as social emotional development.
Iowa Early learning standards for children from birth through pre-K include literacy, mathematics and science as well as social emotional development and other domains. The standards are consistent with current research as well as with national K-12 curriculum standards.
Kansas Early learning standards for children from birth through age 5 include all core subjects as well as social emotional development and other domains.
Kentucky The Kentucky Early Childhood Standards (KYECS) for three- and four-year-old children include all core subjects as well as health, physical education and the arts. Kindergarten standards are aligned with the KYECS, as well as elementary and secondary expectations.
Louisiana Early Learning Guidelines cover children aged birth through three. Prekindergarten standards include all core subjects as well as social/emotional development and are aligned with K-12 standards.
Maine Pre-kindergarten standards and expectations for learning are aligned with grades K-4. The Early Childhood Learning Guidelines align practice across early childhood settings and the early grades.
Maryland State curriculum includes pre-K to grade 12.
Massachusetts Early Learning Guidelines for infants and toddlers include literacy as well as social and emotional development and other domains. State Curriculum Frameworks are all Pre-K through 12.

Department of Early Education and Care measures the effectiveness of ECE programs, including alignment of preschool curriculum with state learning standards, and preparation of an appropriate kindergarten transition plan.
Michigan Early Development and Learning Strands for infants and toddlers are aligned with Early Learning Expectations for Three- and Four-Year-Old Children. The Expectations include all core subjects as well as social emotional development and  other domains.
Minnesota Early Learning Standards include literacy, social and emotional development and other domains. The standards are aligned with K-12 academic standards.
Mississippi Standards for both 3- and 4-year-olds in English/Language Arts and Mathematics are aligned with K-12 Common Core Curriculum.
Missouri Early learning standards include literacy, mathematics and science, as well as social and emotional development and other domains.
Montana Early Learning Guidelines cover children aged three to five and include all core subjects as well as social-emotional development and other domains.
Nebraska Early Learning Guidelines cover children aged three to five and include English/Language Arts, Mathematics and Science as well as social & emotional development and other domains.
Nevada Early learning guidelines cover infant and toddler as well as pre-K students and include all core subjects as well as social emotional development and other domains.
New Hampshire Early learning guidelines include literacy and developmental domains.
New Jersey Preschool Standards and optimal teaching practices are outlined for all core subjects  as well as social/emotional development and other domains.
New Mexico Early Learning Guidelines for birth through kindergarten include literacy, numeracy, scientific understandings and approaches to learning, among other domains.
New York Prekindergarten standards include literacy, social and emotional development and other domains. Pre-K and Kindergarten programs must adopt curricula aligned with state learning standards and grades 1-12.
North Carolina Early Learning Standards for preschool students include core subjects and emotional and social development, among other domains. The Standards are aligned with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS).
North Dakota Early Learning Guidelines for children aged 3 to 5 include all core subjects, social and emotional development and other domains.
Ohio In 2012 the state adopted Birth – Kindergarten Entry Early Learning and Development Standards in all domains of school readiness.
Oklahoma Early Learning Guidelines for children aged 3 to 5 include all core subjects, social and emotional development and other domains.
Oregon Early Childhood Foundations consist of learning guidelines for children from birth to five. The guidelines include all core subjects as well as social emotional development and other domains.

The Early Childhood Improvement Program requires efforts to improve kindergarten through 3rd grade curriculum so that it is consistent with research and sensitive to individual differences.
Pennsylvania Learning standards for early childhood cover children birth through kindergarten and include all core subjects as well as developmental domains. Pre-K standards are available for all core subjects, and are aligned with K-12.
Rhode Island Early Learning Standards provide guidance on what children should know and be able to do as they enter kindergarten.

Districts are required to draft a K-3 strategic plan to improve student performance in math, reading and writing.
South Carolina Early Learning Standards cover children from age 3 to 5 and include English/Language Arts, Mathematics, social and emotional development and other domains.

The State Board of Education has been directed to develop a plan including developmentally appropriate curriculum from early childhood education through grade 3. They are required to establish an early childhood initiative which integrates the planning and direction of a half-day program for four-year-olds,  parenting program, early childhood assistance program, and school practices in kindergarten through grade three.
South Dakota Early Learning Guidelines include all core subjects as well as approaches to learning,  social and emotional development and other domains.
Tennessee Pre-K Standards include all core subjects as well as social and emotional development and other domains. The curriculum and program structure for children in pre-K through grade 3 is organized to support developmentally appropriate practice.
Texas State pre-K guidelines were revised in 2008 and include core  subjects as well as Social and Emotional Development, The Arts, and Technology.
Utah Early Childhood Core Standards include core subjects as well as Social/Emotional, Creative Arts and Physical/Health and Safety.
Vermont Pre-K standards are available for all core subjects, and are aligned with K-12.
Virginia Comprehensive Standards for Four-Year-Olds include all core subjects as well as personal, social, physical and motor development.
Washington Early Learning and Development Guidelines span birth through third grade.
West Virginia Early Learning Standards Framework cover preschool aged children, and contain three core subjects as well as Social and Emotional Development.
Wisconsin Model Early Learning Standards include literacy, mathematical and scientific thinking, and developmental domains.
Wyoming Early Childhood standards include core subjects as well as Social Emotional Development, Creative Arts and Approaches to Learning

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