K-3 Quality: What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3?


K-3 Quality: What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3?

July 2016


Several types of interventions are available for students that score below grade level on K-3 assessments.

Methodology: This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.

 

What are the interventions available for students in grades K-3?
Alabama Assistance programs may include: summer school, after-school, or Saturday school tutorial programs.
Alaska Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Arizona Interventions include: supplemental instruction, family engagement, progress monitoring. For students that have been retained in third grade, interventions include: different teacher, summer school, before or after school instruction, online reading instruction.
Arkansas Interventions include: academic improvement plans, supplemental instruction, progress monitoring.
California Interventions include summer school or additional instruction outside of the standard school year.
Colorado Interventions are included in the READ plan.
Connecticut Interventions include weekend education programs, reading interventionists at each school to develop reading remediation plans, supplemental instruction, family engagement, progress monitoring, summer school, and after school programs.
Delaware Interventions include: academic improvement plans, summer school, supplementary instruction and mentoring programs.
District of Columbia Interventions include summer school programs for students that have been previously retained.
Florida Interventions include: targeted instruction and progress monitoring. For students retained in grade three, mandatory interventions include: summer reading camp, supplemental instruction, small group tutoring, reduced student-teacher ratios, progress monitoring, extended day/week/year programs, and transition classes containing third and fourth grade students.
Georgia Interventions include: progress monitoring, class augmentation, self-contained classes, Reading Recovery Program delivered by certificated personnel.
Hawaii Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Idaho Interventions include extended year reading programs.
Illinois Reading Improvement Block Grant funds must be used to hire reading specialists, reading teachers and aides to provide early reading intervention in K-2 and support in grades 3-6.
Indiana Interventions include: family engagement including home reading strategies, supplemental instruction. For students that have been retained, interventions include: before or after school programs, instruction by an effective teacher, home reading programs, mentor or tutor, extended day programs and supplemental instruction.
Iowa Interventions include: supplemental instruction, progress monitoring, small group tutoring, reduced student-teacher ratios, extended day/week/year programs, summer reading programs and family engagement through home reading strategies. Intensive summer reading programs are an option for students who have not achieved proficiency by the end of third grade.
Kansas The State Board of Education, as part of the Basic Reading Skills Mastery Program, must provide interventions to students who are not making satisfactory progress, including but not limited to, extended day or extended year programs, restructured school days, summer school, or individualized instruction.
Kentucky Interventions include: supplemental instruction, individual or small group tutoring, progress monitoring.
Louisiana Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Maine Interventions include specialized instruction and progress monitoring.
Maryland Interventions include supplemental instruction.
Massachusetts Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Michigan Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Minnesota Interventions include: family engagement, summer school, supplemental instruction, extended day programs, or programs that strengthen students’ cultural connections.
Mississippi Interventions include: supplemental instruction, transition classes (K-3), family engagement with home reading strategies, summer programs, and extended day/year programs. Students who are retained in third grade must be provided supplemental instruction, progress monitoring, high-performing teachers, and family engagement through home reading strategies.
Missouri Interventions include: development of an individual plan of reading intervention, family engagement, individual or group tutoring, and summer school.
Montana Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Nebraska Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Nevada Interventions include small group tutoring, progress monitoring, and supplemental instruction.
New Hampshire Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
New Jersey Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
New Mexico Interventions include tutoring, extended day or week programs, and summer programs. For K-3 Plus schools, interventions are required for K-3 students.
New York Interventions include: tailored instruction and progress monitoring.
North Carolina Intervention options include: reading camps, supplemental instruction, extended day programs, and individual or group tutoring.
North Dakota Interventions include summer school programs for remedial mathematics and reading, before/after school programs, district supplemental services, state funded student performance strategists.
Ohio Unspecified interventions provided for K-3 students. For students retained in grade 3, specific interventions include: supplementary instruction, group tutoring, progress monitoring, extended day/week/year programs, summer reading camps, transition classes containing third and fourth grade students.
Oklahoma Interventions may include: additional instructional time, after school tutoring, and summer school programs. For students that have been retained, interventions include individualized instruction, small group instruction, reduced teacher-student ratio, progress monitoring, tutoring or mentoring, transition classes containing third and fourth grade students, extended day/week/year programs, and summer school.
Oregon Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Pennsylvania Interventions include supplemental instruction. A pilot program exists to support early literacy interventions as well.
Rhode Island Interventions include supplementary instruction.
South Carolina Interventions include: supplemental instruction, family engagement, reading specialists, individual and small group tutoring, progress monitoring. Students eligible for retention may enroll in a summer reading camp.
South Dakota Interventions include: supplemental instruction, and use of instructional software.
Tennessee Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Texas Interventions include supplemental instruction, summer school and extended day programs.
Utah Interventions include tutoring, before and after school programs, and summer school. Funding is also made available for early intervention reading software.
Vermont Interventions include supplemental instruction and family engagement.
Virginia Interventions may include: special reading teachers, tutors, computer-based reading tutorials, and extended day/year programs.
Washington Interventions include summer programs and before and after school programs.
West Virginia County boards are required to support early literacy instructional support programs and are prohibited from charging tuition for extended year programs.
Wisconsin Statewide intervention types not explicitly stated. Districts and schools operating under the Achievement Gap Reduction contract must provide tutoring to students who are struggling with reading and/or math.
Wyoming Interventions include academic improvement plans. Supplemental funding is available for at-risk students for summer school and extended day intervention programs.

© 2018 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education. 700 Broadway #810, Denver, CO 80203-3442

To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please contact the Education Commission of the States’ Communications Department at 303.299.3609 or askinner@ecs.org.

Your Education Policy Team  www.ecs.org