K-3 Quality: What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grades K-3?


K-3 Quality: What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grades K-3?

July 2016


The maximum number of students per teacher permitted in a classroom.

Methodology: This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
 

What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grades K-3?
Alabama 1:18
Alaska Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Arizona Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Arkansas 1:20 or 1:22, with aide, for kindergarten. No more than1:23 average for grades 1-3.
California To avoid penalties, districts must maintain class sizes of 33 or less in kindergarten and 32 or less in grades 1-3. Grant funding is available to reduce kindergarten to 1:20 or lower and grades 1-3 to 1:25 or lower.
Colorado Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Connecticut Not specified in statute. Grant funding available to reduce K-3 class sizes to 1:18.
Delaware 1:22 for grades K-3.
District of Columbia Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Florida 1:18 for grades PreK-3.
Georgia 1:15 for kindergarten. 1:17 for grades 1-3.
Hawaii Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Idaho Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Illinois Not specified in statute. However, K-3 class size reduction grants are available for districts.
Indiana Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Iowa Districts are instructed to expend funds to reduce class sizes to the state goal of 1:17 for grades K-3.
Kansas Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Kentucky 1:24 for grades K-3.
Louisiana 1:20 in grades K-3.
Maine K-8 25:1. Districts may adopt a program to reduce K-2 class size to a recommended ratio of 1:15 and a maximum of 1:18.
Maryland Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Massachusetts 1:25 for kindergarten.
Michigan Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Minnesota Revenue must be used to reduce and maintain the district’s average class size to 1:17 in grades K-3.
 
Mississippi 1:22, 2:27 with an assistant teacher for kindergarten (1:16 is recommended). 1:27 for grades 1,2,3 and 4.
Missouri 1:25 with a goal of 1:17 for grades K-2; 1:27 with a goal of 1:20 for grades 3-4.
Montana 1:20 for grades K-2. 1:28 for grades 3 and 4.
Nebraska Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Nevada 1:16 for grades K-2. 1:18 for grade 3.
New Hampshire 1:25 maximum for grades K-2 (Goal of 1:20). 1:30 maximum for grades 3-5 (Goal of 1:25).
New Jersey 1:25, 1:21 in K-3 in Abbott districts.
New Mexico 1:15 or 2:20 with assistant
New York 1:15 or 2:22 for kindergarten.
North Carolina K-3 1:18
North Dakota Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Ohio 1:25
Oklahoma 1:20 or 2:29 with aide.
Oregon Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Pennsylvania 1:22, 2:27 with an aide, 2:30 with an assistant teacher, or 3:30 with two aides.
Rhode Island Revenue may be used to reduce K-3 class size to a goal ratio of 1:15. Block grant funding is also made available for this purpose.
South Carolina Average 1:21 for grades 1-3. Maximum 1:30 for grades K-3.
South Dakota Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Tennessee 1:25 maximum for grades K-3 (Goal of 1:20 average).
Texas 1:20 average with a maximum 22 students per classroom in grades K-4.
Utah Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Vermont Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Virginia 1:24 or 1:29 with aide for kindergarten. 1:24 with max size of 30 in grades 1-3. Funds are made available for class size/ratio reduction for grades K-3 in schools with high or moderate concentrations of at-risk students.
Washington By 2017-2018, average class ratios should be 1:17 for an average general education class in K-3 and 1:15 for a high poverty K-3 class.
West Virginia Kindergarten: 1:20, grades 1-3: 1:25.
Wisconsin Locally determined. Funding for K-3 is available with the requirement of reducing class size to no more than 1:18 or 2:30.
Wyoming Goal of average 1:16 in grades K-3.

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