Charter Schools: Who provides charter schools with their funding?

Charter Schools: Who provides charter schools with their funding?

January 2018


This resource contains information about the 44 states, plus the District of Columbia, with charter school laws. It does not contain any information for the six states that have not enacted charter school laws.

Please contact Micah Ann Wixom or mwixom@ecs.org with questions or comments about the database.
 

Who provides charter schools with their funding?
Alabama The state

Citations: Ala. Code § 16-6F-10
Alaska The school district

Citations: Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.03.260
Arizona For charter schools authorized by a local school board, the school district. For all other charter schools, the state.

Citations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-185(A)-(B)
Arkansas For conversion charter schools, the school district. For open-enrollment charter schools, the state.

Citations: Ark. Code Ann § 6-23-501 et seq.
California The school district. However, a charter school may elect to receive its funds directly from the state through the Charter School Direct Funding Option.
Colorado The authorizer. For charter schools authorized by a local school board, the school district. For charter schools authorized by the state charter school institute, the state charter school institute.

Citations: Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-112; Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-112; Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-513.5; Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-54.5-309
Connecticut For local charter schools, the school district. For state charter schools, the town in which the charter school is located.

Citations: Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-66ee
Delaware The state and the school district

Citations: Del. Code Ann. tit 14 § 509
District of Columbia The city government

Citations: DC Code § 38-2906.02
Florida The school district

Citations: Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1002.33
Georgia The authorizer. For district charter schools, the school district. For state charter schools, the state.

Citations: Ga. Code Ann., § 20-2-2068.1
Hawaii The authorizer

Citations: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302D-28
Idaho The state

Citations: Idaho Code Ann. § 33-5208
Illinois The school district

Citations: 105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. § 5/27A-11
Indiana The state

Citations: Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-7
Iowa The school district

Citations: Iowa Code Ann. § 256F.4
Kansas The school district
Kentucky The authorizer. If the school district is the authorizer, the school district. If the Regional Achievement Zone collaborative is the authorizer, the Regional Achievement Academy. If the authorizer is not a local school district of Regional Achievement Zone collaborative, the authorizer.

Citations: Kentucky 2016-2018 Budget Appendix A
Louisiana For schools authorized by a local board, the school district. For schools authorized by the state or a local charter authorizer, the state.

Citations: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3995
Maine For charter schools authorized by the commission, the state. For charter schools authorized by local school boards, the school district.

Citations: Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. 20-A § 2413-A; Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. 20-A § 2413; Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. 20-A § 15683-B
Maryland The county board

Citations: Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 9-109
Massachusetts For Horace Mann charter schools, the school district. For commonwealth charter schools, the state.

Citations: Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 71 § 89
Michigan The authorizer
Minnesota The state

Citations: Minn. Stat. Ann. § 124E.20; Minn. Stat. Ann. § 124E.25
Mississippi The state and the school district

Citations: Miss. Code Ann. § 37-28-55
Missouri For charter schools that are their own local education agency, the state. For all others, the school district.

Citations: Mo. Stat. Ann. § 160.415
Nevada The state

Citations: Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. 388A.411
New Hampshire For charter schools authorized by their local school district, the school district. For all others, the state.

Citations: N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 194-B:11
New Jersey The school district. For students not included in the district’s projected resident enrollment for the school year, the state.

Citations: N.J. Stat. Ann. 18A:36A-12
New Mexico The school district

Citations: N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-8B-13
New York The school district

Citations: N.Y. Educ. Law § 2856
North Carolina The state and the school district

Citations: N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-218.105
Ohio The state

Citations: Ohio Rev.Code Ann. § 3314.08 (D & E)
Oklahoma For charter schools authorized by their local school district, the school district. For all others, the state.

Citations: Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 70, § 3-142
Oregon The school district

Citations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 338.155
Pennsylvania The school district

Citations: 24 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 17-1725-A
Rhode Island The state and the school district

Citations: R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16–77.2–5; R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16-77.3-5
South Carolina The authorizer

Citations: S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-140
Tennessee The authorizer. For charter schools authorized by the local school district, the school district. For charter schools authorized by the state, the state.

Citations: Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-13-111; Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-13-142
Texas The state

Citations: 19 Tex. Admin. Code § 100.1041(a); Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.106
Utah For conversion charter schools and district-authorized charter schools operating in district-owned facilities without paying reasonable rent, the school district. For all others, the state.

Citations: Utah Code Ann. § 53A-1a-513; U.C.A. 1953 § 53A-1a-515
Virginia The school district. For regional charter schools, the participating school districts.

Citations: Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-212.14
Washington The state

Citations: Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.710.280
Wisconsin The authorizer

Citations: Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.40(2r)(e)
Wyoming The school district

Citations: Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 21-3-314


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