|Does the state have a charter school law?|
|Alabama||Yes. An initial charter is granted for a period of 5 years.|
Citations: Ala. Code § 16-6F-7
|Alaska||Yes. A contract for a charter school may be for a term of no more than 10 years.|
Citations: Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.03.250 et seq.; Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.03.275
|Arizona||Yes. The charter is effective for 15 years from the first day of the fiscal year as specified in the charter and may be renewed for successive periods of 20 years.|
Citations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-181 et seq.; Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-183
|Arkansas||Yes. Initial charters for "open-enrollment public charter schools" are granted for a 5-year period. Law includes a provision for establishing "adult education charter schools."|
Citations: Ark. Code Ann. § 6-23-101 et seq.
|California||Yes. A charter may be granted for a period not to exceed 5 years, and each renewal is for a period of 5 years.|
Citations: Cal. Educ. Code § 47600 et seq.
|Colorado||Yes. Institute charter schools are authorized by the state charter school institute. Other charter schools are authorized by local district boards of education. An initial charter is authorized for a period of 4 years and is required to include a budget for a term of at least 5 years. |
Citations: Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-30.5-101 et seq.; Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-106; Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-511
|Connecticut||Yes. Initial charters are granted for a period of up to 5 years. |
Citations: Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-66aa et seq.
|Delaware||Yes. Initial charters are for 4 years and may be renewed in 5 year increments.|
Citations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 501 et seq.; Del. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 503
|District of Columbia||Yes. A charter granted to a public charter school remains in force for a 15-year period and may be renewed for an unlimited number of 15-year periods.|
Citations: D.C. Code § 38-1800.01 et seq.; D.C. Code § 38-1831.01 et seq.; D.C. Code § 38-1802.12
|Florida||Yes. State law requires use of a standard charter contract. The initial term of a charter is 4 or 5 years. Charter schools operating for a minimum of 3 years and demonstrating exemplary academic programming and fiscal management are eligible for a 15-year charter renewal, and schools receiving high rankings in the state's accountability program under some conditions automatically receive 15-year renewals. Charter schools that are operated by a municipality or other public entity, charter lab schools, and charter schools that are operated by a private, not-for-profit, 501(c)(3) status corporation are eligible for up to a 15-year charter. Long-term charters remain subject to annual review and may be terminated during the term of the charter.|
State law allows for "schools of hope" (schools specifically serving students from low-income families), charter technical career centers, and high-performing charter schools -- all of which are subject to statutory provisions specific to each.
Citations: Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1002.33; Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1002.333
|Georgia||Yes. The initial term of a charter is a minimum of 5 years (unless the petitioner requests a shorter period of time) but cannot exceed 10 years. Renewals may not exceed 10 years. The initial term of a charter for a charter system is not allowed to exceed 6 years.|
Citations: Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-2060 et seq.; Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-2080 et seq.; Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-2062; Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-2067
|Hawaii||Yes. The length of an initial charter is 5 years. Law allows a charter contract to be renewed for successive 5-year terms, although an authorizer may vary the terms based on performance, demonstrated capacities, and particular circumstances of each charter school. |
Citations: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302D-1 et seq.; Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302D-14.5; Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302D-18
|Idaho||Yes. Following an initial 5-year term, a charter may be renewed for successive 5-year terms.|
Citations: Idaho Code Ann. § 33-5201 et seq.; Idaho Code Ann. § 33-5205; Idaho Code Ann. § 33-5205b
|Illinois||Yes. Charters approved after January 1, 2017 may be granted for an initial 5-year term and may be renewed for increments up to 10 years. Prior charters were granted for 5-10 years.|
Citations: 105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. § 5/27A-1 et seq.; 105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. § 5/27A-9
|Indiana||Yes. Terms for charter schools may range from 3 to 7 years.|
Citations: Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24 et seq.; Ind. Code § 20-24-4-1
|Iowa||Yes. Charter school and innovation zone consortium contracts are issued and renewable for terms of 4 years. An innovation zone school is a public school administered pursuant to an innovation zone school contract entered into by an innovation zone consortium.|
Citations: Iowa Code Ann. § 256F.1 et seq.; Iowa Code Ann. § 256F.6
|Kansas||Yes. Charters are granted and may be renewed for 5-year terms.|
Citations: Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-1907
|Kentucky||Yes. Terms range from a minimum of 3 years to a maximum of 5 years.|
"Achievement academy" has the same meaning as "public charter school."
A public charter school established within the boundaries of a regional achievement zone is designated a regional achievement academy. A regional achievement zone is defined as one county containing 4 or more local school districts or 2 or more contiguous counties, each containing 4 or more local school districts.
Citations: Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 160.1590
|Louisiana||Yes. Under the Charter School Demonstration Programs Law, charters are initially approved for 4-5 year terms and renewed for 3-10 year terms.|
Five types of charters are authorized:
Citations: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3971; La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3973; La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3992
|Maine||Yes. Charters are granted for initial terms of 5 years, and may be renewed for 5-15 years.|
Citations: Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. 20-A § 2401 et seq.; Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. 20-A § 2411
Citations: Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 9-101 et seq.
|Massachusetts||Yes. There are two types of charter schools:
Charters are approved for 5-year terms.
Citations: Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 71 § 89
|Michigan||Yes. Charter schools are called public school academies. Authorizing bodies determine the length of terms for a charter school and for a school's governing body.|
State law has added 3 additional categories of charter schools:
Also, the board of a school district may grant a charter to an eligible entity for a chartered educational clinic. The application requirements and procedures for such a contract for a chartered educational clinic are the same as for a contract for another public school academy. A chartered educational clinic is a specialty public school academy and may only serve public school pupils described in this section during hours outside the pupil's normal class hours by providing special assistance for up to 3 hours per week, pursuant to a written prescription by the principal of the public school.
Citations: Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.501 et seq.; Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.501; Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.507; Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.505a
|Minnesota||Yes. Charters are granted for terms of up to 5 years. Initial charter terms also include an additional preoperational year.|
Citations: Minn. Stat. Ann. § 124E.01 et seq.; Minn. Stat. Ann. § 124E.10
|Mississippi||Yes. Initial charters are granted for 5 years.|
Citations: Miss. Code Ann. § 37-28-1 et seq.
|Missouri||Yes. Initial charters are granted for 5 years and are renewable upon review.|
Citations: Mo. Ann. Stat. § 160.400 et seq., Mo. Ann. Stat. § 160.405
|Nevada||Yes. An initial charter contract is for a term of 6 years and may be renewed for subsequent 6-year terms.|
The state also allows for charter schools to be created from existing public schools under the state's Achievement School District, but these schools are generally not considered charter schools under the state's charter school laws.
Citations: Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 388A.010 et al.; Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 388A.270; Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 388A.285; Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 388A.025; Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 388B.200
|New Hampshire||Yes. Charters are granted and renewed for 5-year terms.|
Citations: N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 194-B:1 et seq., N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 194-B:3
|New Jersey||Yes. Initial charters are granted for 4 years and may be renewed for 5 years.|
Citations: N.J. Stat. Ann. § 18A:36A-1 et seq., N.J. Stat. Ann. § 18A:36A-17
|New Mexico||Yes. Initial charters are granted for 6 years (with the first year of the contract for planning not writing the application). Contracts are renewed for 5 years, but the renewal may be for less if the school and authorizer agree.|
State policy allows school districts to operate as a charter school district approved by the department of education. The charter school district must continue to operate in the same geographic boundaries that existed prior to the conversion. Initial contracts are for five years and may be renewed for successive 5-year periods.
Citations: N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-8B-1 et seq., N. M. Stat. Ann. § 22-8B-12, N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-8E-1 et seq., N. M. Stat. Ann. § 22-8E-4
|New York||Yes. Charter agreements may not exceed 5 years.|
Citations: N.Y. Educ. Law § 2850 et seq., N.Y. Educ. Law § 2853
|North Carolina||Yes. Charter school terms may not exceed 10 years and may be renewed for subsequent periods of 10 years. |
Citations: N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-218 et seq., N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-218.5, N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-218.6
|Ohio||Yes, referred to as community schools. Charter schools have initial contract terms for up to 5 years. New (or "start-up") charter schools are limited to "challenged school districts," meaning school districts that meet certain criteria, including low performance.|
Citations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.01 et al., Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.02, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.03
|Oklahoma||Yes. Terms for charter schools may not exceed 5 years, although sponsors may vary the length of the term based on performance and other specific circumstances. |
Citations: Okla. Stat. tit. 70, § 3-130 et al., Okla. Stat. tit. 70, § 3-137
|Oregon||Yes. The initial charter is for a period of not more than 5 years. The first renewal of a charter must be for the same time period as the initial charter. Subsequent renewals of a charter are for a minimum of 5 years but may not exceed 10 years.|
Citations: Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 338.005 et al.; Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 338.065
|Pennsylvania||Yes. The charter is for a period of 3 to 5 years and may be renewed for 5-year periods. A local school board may renew a charter for a period of 1 year once if the board determines that there is insufficient data adequately assess the charter school's academic performance and determines that an additional year of performance data is needed. |
Citations: 24 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 17-1701-A et al.; 24 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 17-1720-A
|Rhode Island||Yes. Initial charters and renewals are for periods up to 5 years. There are three types of charter schools:
Citations: R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-77-1 et al.; R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-77.1-1 et al.; R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-77.2-1 et al.; R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-77.3-1 et al.; R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-77.4-1 et al.; R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-77-2.1; R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-77-5.1; R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-77.2-2
|South Carolina||Yes. Charters are approved and renewed for 10-year terms.|
Citations: S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-10 et al.; S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-110
|South Dakota||No. However, state law allows for charter schools that serve primarily American Indian students from federally recognized tribes if the state receives a federal grant.|
Citations: S.D. Codified Laws § 13-15A-1 et al.
|Tennessee||Yes. New charters are granted for 10-year terms, starting with the first day of instruction. Charters are renewed for 10 academic years.|
Citations: Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-13-101 et al.; Tenn. Code Ann. § 19-13-121
|Texas||Yes. There are four types of charter schools in state policy:
Citations: Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.001 et al.; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.101; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.1141; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.002
|Utah||Yes. Initial charter terms are not specified, but authorizers must review a charter school once every 5 years.|
Citations: Utah Code Ann. § 53A-1a-501 et al.; Utah Code Ann. § 53A-1a-520
|Virginia||Yes. A charter may be approved or renewed for a period not to exceed 5 school years.|
Citations: Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-212.5 et al.; Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-212.12
|Washington||Yes. An initial charter contract is granted for 5 operating years. A charter contract may be renewed for successive 5-year terms, although the authorizer may vary the term based on the performance, demonstrated capacities, and particular circumstances of a charter school and may grant renewal with specific conditions for necessary improvements to a charter school.|
Citations: Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.710.010 et al.; Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.710.190; Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.710.160
|Wisconsin||Yes. A charter contract may be granted for up to 5 school years and may be renewed for successive 5-year terms. |
Citations: Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.40
|Wyoming||Yes. A charter may be granted for up to 5 years and may be renewed for successive 5-year periods.|
Citations: Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 21-3-301 et al.; Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 21-3-309