There are three main ELL program funding models:

**Formula funded**: ELL funding is included in the state’s primary funding formula (34 states).**Categorical funding**: Funding is allocated outside of the state’s primary funding formula through separate line items (nine states).**Reimbursement**: Funding is allocated outside of the state’s primary funding formula. Districts are reimbursed**after**costs are accrued (three states).

Unless otherwise noted, all information in this resource was gathered from state statutes only and does not include policies in state-level guidance documents or arising from court orders.

Type of funding | |

Alabama | Categorical funding |

Alaska | Formula funded |

Arizona | Formula funded |

Arkansas | Formula funded |

California | Formula funded |

Colorado | Categorical funding |

Connecticut | Formula funded |

Delaware | There is no state funding for ELL. |

Florida | Formula funded |

Georgia | Formula funded |

Hawaii | Formula funded |

Idaho | Categorical |

Illinois | Reimbursement |

Indiana | Categorical funding |

Iowa | Formula funded |

Kansas | Formula funded |

Kentucky | Formula funded |

Louisiana | Formula funded |

Maine | Formula funded |

Maryland | Formula funded |

Massachusetts | Formula funded |

Michigan | Reimbursement |

Minnesota | Formula funded |

Mississippi | There is no state funding for ELL. The state relies on Title III funds. |

Missouri | Formula funded |

Montana | There is no state funding for ELL in Montana. The state relies on Title III funds. |

Nebraska | Formula funded |

Nevada | Categorical funding |

New Hampshire | Formula funded |

New Jersey | Formula Funded |

New Mexico | Formula funded |

New York | Formula funded |

North Carolina | Formula funded |

North Dakota | Formula funded |

Ohio | Categorical |

Oklahoma | Formula funded |

Oregon | Formula funded |

Pennsylvania | Categorical funding |

Rhode Island | There is no additional state funding designated specifically for ELL. However, the state's funding formula provides an additional weight for poverty, based on Free and Reduced Price Lunch counts, that is meant to get at the added cost of ELL. |

South Carolina | Formula funded |

South Dakota | Formula funded |

Tennessee | Formula funded |

Texas | Formula Funded |

Utah | Categorical funding |

Vermont | Formula funded |

Virginia | Formula funded |

Washington | Formula funded |

West Virginia | Categorical funding |

Wisconsin | Reimbursement |

Wyoming | Formula funded |

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