Are state-funded pre-kindergarten programs required to provide ELL instruction?

Are state-funded pre-kindergarten programs required to provide ELL instruction?

November 2014


Four states – Alaska, Illinois, New York, and Texas – have policies requiring state-funded pre-kindergarten programs to provide services to young ELLs.

Unless otherwise noted, all information in this resource was gathered from state statutes only and does not include policies in state-level guidance documents or arising from court orders.
 

Are state-funded pre-kindergarten programs required to provide ELL instruction?
Alabama No
Alaska Yes
Arizona N/A
Arkansas No
California No
Colorado No
Connecticut No
Delaware No
Florida No
Georgia No
Hawaii N/A
Idaho N/A
Illinois Yes
Indiana N/A
Iowa No
Kansas
No
Kentucky No
Louisiana No
Maine Governed by the department of education's ELL guidebook or federal law rather than state policy.
Maryland No
Massachusetts No
Michigan No
Minnesota No
Mississippi N/A
Missouri No
Montana N/A
Nebraska No
Nevada No
New Hampshire N/A
New Jersey No
New Mexico No
New York Yes
North Carolina No
North Dakota N/A
Ohio No
Oklahoma No
Oregon No. However, prekindergarten programs must target families with at-risk children, including families for whom English is a second language.
Pennsylvania No
Rhode Island No
South Carolina No
South Dakota N/A
Tennessee No
Texas Yes. School districts required to offer a bilingual education or special language program must offer a voluntary pre-K program for ELL children who will be eligible for admission to kindergarten or the first grade in the next school year. Schools with a semester system must offer a half-day program for eight weeks during the summer break or on a similar, approved schedule. Schools with a non-semester system must offer 120 hours of instruction on a schedule established by the district's board of trustees. The program must be an intensive bilingual education or special language program that meets state standards and the student/teacher ratio may not exceed 18/1.
Utah N/A
Vermont No
Virginia No
Washington No
West Virginia No
Wisconsin No
Wyoming N/A


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