Instructional Time Policies: All data points for all states


Instructional Time Policies: All data points for all states

April 2018


There are many exceptions to instructional time requirements across states and not all of them are indicated in this 50-State Comparison. Unless otherwise indicated, states that have hours per year and days per year require both. View the full instructional time database here. If you have questions or comments, please contact Sarah Pompelia at spompelia@ecs.org.
 

Minimum number of days per school year Minimum number of hours per school year Minimum number of hours per school day School start/finish
Alabama 180 days

Notes: District option to meet either minimum hours/year or minimum days/year.

Citations: Ala.Code 1975 § 16-13-231
1,080 hours

Citations: Ala.Code 1975 § 16-13-231
6 hours

Notes: Excludes lunch and recess.

Citations: Ala. Admin. Code r. 290-3-1-.02
District option
Alaska 180 days

Notes: District option to meet either minimum hours/year or minimum days/year.

Citations: AS § 14.03.030
Grades K-3 ~ 740 hours
Grades 4-12 ~ 900 hours

Notes: For all grades, hours only apply if board submits an acceptable plan under which students will receive the educational equivalent of 180 days.

Citations: AS § 14.03.030
Grades 1-3 ~ 4 hours
Grades 4-12 ~ 5 hours

Notes: Excludes intermissions.

Citations: AS § 14.03.040
District option
Arizona 180 days

Citations: A.R.S. § 15-341.01
Half-day K ~ 356 hours
Grades 1-3 ~ 712 hours
Grades 4-6 ~ 890 hours
Grades 7-8 ~ 1000 hours
Grades 9-12 ~ 720 hours

Notes: Excludes lunch and recess for grades K-8. Students in grades 9-12 must enroll in at least 4 subjects, in addition to the hour requirement.

Citations: A.R.S. § 15-901
N/A District option
Arkansas 178 days

Notes: Includes a minimum of 10 days (60 hours) professional development/in-service and a minimum of 2 days for parent/teacher conferences.

Citations: 2009 Rules Governing Standards for Accreditation
N/A 6 hours/day
30 hours/week

Citations: A.C.A. § 6-16-102
Start: On or after the Monday of the week in which 8/19 falls. No earlier than 8/14 and no later than 8/26.

Citations: A.C.A. § 6-10-106
California 180 days

Notes: Charter schools and select districts are required 175 days. More details may be found at: https://www.cde.ca.gov/fg/aa/pa/lcffitfaq.asp

Citations: West's Ann.Cal.Educ.Code § 46200, 41420
Kindergarten ~ 600 hours
Grades 1-3 ~ 840 hours
Grades 4-8 ~ 900 hours
Grades 9-12 ~ 1,080 hours

Notes: State specifies instructional time in minutes. More details may be found at: https://www.cde.ca.gov/fg/aa/pa/lcffitfaq.asp

Citations: West's Ann.Cal.Educ.Code § 46201, 46201.5, 46207
Kindergarten ~ 3 hours
Grades 1-3 ~ 3.83 hours
Grades 4-12 ~ 4 hours

Notes: State specifies instructional time in minutes.

Citations: West's Ann.Cal.Educ.Code § 46112, 46113, 46114, 46117, 46141
District option
Colorado 160 days

Citations: C.R.S.A. § 22-32-109
Half-day K ~ 435 hours
Full-day K ~ 870 hours
Grades 1-5 ~ 968 hours
Grades 6-12 ~ 1,056 hours

Notes: Excludes parent-teacher conferences and staff in-service programs.

Citations: C.R.S.A. § 22-32-109
N/A District option
Connecticut 180 days

Citations: C.G.S.A. § 10-16
Half-day K ~ 450 hours
Full-day K-12 ~ 900 hours

Citations: C.G.S.A. § 10-16
N/A

Notes: Districts may count up to 7 hours/day toward the total required for the year.

Citations: C.G.S.A. § 10-16
District option
Delaware N/A Grades K-11 ~ 1,060 hours
Grade 12 ~ 1,032 hours

Citations: 14 Del.C. § 1049
3.5 hours

Notes: Excludes lunch.

Citations: 14 Del.C. § 1049
District option
District of Columbia 180 days

Citations: D.C. Mun. Regs. Subt. 5-A, § A2100.3, Subt. 5-E 305
N/A Grades 1-12 ~ 6 hours

Notes: Includes lunch and recess.

Citations: D.C. Mun. Regs. Subt. 5-A, § A2100.3
District option (single district)

Citations: D.C. Mun. Regs. Subt. Subt. 5-E 305
Florida 180 days

Notes: District option to meet either minimum hours/year or minimum days/year.

Citations: West's F.S.A. § 1003.02, 1001.42
Grades K-3 ~ 720 hours
Grades 4-12 ~ 900 hours

Citations: West's F.S.A. § 1011.61
N/A District option
Georgia 180 days

Notes: Or equivalent.

Citations: Ga. Code Ann., § 20-2-168
N/A Grades K-3 ~ 4.5 hours
Grades 4-5 ~ 5 hours
Grades 6-12 ~ 5.5 hours

Citations: Ga Comp. R. & Regs. 160-5-1-.02
District option
Hawaii 180 days

Notes: Excludes professional development and other non-instructional days. Does not apply to charter and multi-track schools.

Citations: HRS § 302A-251
1,080 hours

Notes: Does not apply to charter and multi-track schools.

Citations: HRS § 302A-251
N/A District option (single district)
Idaho District option

Citations: I.C. § 33-512
Kindergarten ~ 450 hours
Grades 1-3 ~ 810 hours
Grades 4-8 ~ 900 hours
Grades 9-12 ~ 990 hours

Notes: Includes up to 22 hours for staff development. Excludes recess, lunch and passing periods.

Citations: I.C. § 33-512
District option

Citations: I.C. § 33-512
District option
Illinois 180 days

Notes: Includes up to 4 professional development days.

Citations: 105 ILCS 5/10-19.1
N/A Half-day K ~ 2 hours
Full-day K-1 ~ 4 hours
Grades 2-12 ~ 5 hours

Citations: 105 ILCS 5/18-8.05(F)
District option
Indiana 180 days

Notes: 0

Citations: IC 20-30-2-3
N/A Grades 1-6 ~ 5 hours
Grades 7-12 ~ 6 hours

Citations: IC 20-30-2-2
District option
Iowa 180 days

Notes: District option to meet either minimum hours/year or minimum days/year.

Citations: I.C.A. § 279.10
1,080 hours

Citations: I.C.A. § 279.10
Grades 1-12 ~ 6 hours/day or 30 hours/week

Notes: Excludes lunch. Includes parent-teacher conferences and passing periods.

Citations: I.C.A. § 256.7
Start: No sooner than August 23 and no later than the first Monday in December.

Citations: I.C.A. § 279.10
Kansas Grades K-11 ~ 186 days
Grade 12 ~ 181 days

Notes: District option to meet either minimum hours/year or minimum days/year.

Citations: K.S.A. 72-3115
Kindergarten ~ 465 hours
Grades 1-11 ~ 1116 hours
Grade 12 ~ 1086 hours

Citations: K.S.A. 72-3115
5 hours

Citations: K.S.A. 72-3120
District option
Kentucky 170 days

Notes: 185-day calendar that includes 170 instructional days, plus 4 days for professional development.

Citations: KRS § 158.070
1,062 hours

Citations: KRS § 158.070
6 hours

Citations: KRS § 158.060
District option

Citations: 702 Ky. Admin. Regs. 7:140
Louisiana 177 days

Notes: District option to meet either minimum hours/year or minimum days/year. Early dismissal of seniors allowed up to 10 instructional days.

Citations: LSA-R.S. 17:154.1
1,062 hours

Notes: State specifies instructional time in minutes.

Citations: La. Admin Code. tit. 28, Pt CXV, § 333
Grades 1-12 ~ 6 hours

Notes: Excludes lunch, recess, passing periods and parent-teacher conferences. State specifies instructional time in minutes.

Citations: LSA-R.S. 17:154.1
La. Admin Code. tit. 28, Pt CXV, § 333
District option
Maine 175 days

Notes: Students in grade 12 may have their year reduced to 170 days.

Citations: 20-A M.R.S.A. § 4801; 05-071 CMR Ch. 125, § 6.02
N/A Kindergarten ~ 2.5 hours
Grades 1-12 ~ 5 hours

Notes: Minumum length of a day is 3 hours, but the average over a 2-week period must be at least 5 hours.

Citations: 05-071 CMR Ch. 125, § 6.02
District option
Maryland 180 days

Notes: 0

Citations: MD Code, Education, § 7-103
1,080 hours
1,170 hours for public high schools

Citations: MD Code, Education, § 7-103
COMAR 13A.03.02.12
N/A

Notes: Schools must be open for pupil attendance for at least 3 hours.

Citations: MD Code, Education, § 7-103
District option
Massachusetts N/A

Notes: Schools must operate at least 180 days/year. Instructional time measured in hours.

Citations: M.G.L.A. 69 § 1G; 603 CMR 27.03
Kindergarten ~ 425 hours
Grades 1-5 ~ 900 hours
Grades 6-12 ~ 990 hours

Notes: Excludes lunch, recess, passing periods, homeroom, non-directed study periods and time spent receiving school services or participating in optional school programs.

Citations: 603 CMR 27.03
603 CMR 27.04
N/A District option
Michigan 180 days

Notes: If a collective bargaining agreement that provides a complete school calendar was in effect, then this does not apply until after the expiration of that collective bargaining agreement.

Citations: M.C.L.A. 388.1701
1,098 hours

Citations: M.C.L.A. 388.1701
N/A Start: No earlier than Labor Day.

Citations: M.C.L.A. 380.1284b
Minnesota Grades 1-11 ~ 165 days

Citations: M.S.A. § 120A.41
Kindergarten ~ 425 hours
Full-day K ~ 850 hours
Grades 1-6 ~ 935 hours
Grades 7-12 ~ 1,020 hours

Citations: M.S.A. § 120A.41
N/A Start: No earlier than Labor Day.

Citations: M.S.A. § 120A.40
Mississippi 180 days

Citations: Miss. Code Ann. § 37-13-63
N/A 5.5 hours/day

Citations: Miss. Code Ann. § 37-13-67
District option

Citations: Miss. Code Ann. § 37-13-61
Missouri 5-day week ~ 174 days
4-day week ~ 142 days

Citations: V.A.M.S. 171.031
Kindergarten ~ 522 hours
Grades 1-12 ~ 1,044 hours

Citations: V.A.M.S. 171.031 V.A.M.S. 163.021
5-day week ~ 3 hours/day
4-day week ~ 4 hours/day

Citations: V.A.M.S. 160.041
Start: No earlier than 10 days prior to first Monday in September.

Citations: V.A.M.S. 171.031
Montana N/A Half-day K ~ 360 hours
Full-day K-3 ~ 720 hours
Grades 4-12 ~ 1,080 hours

Notes: Includes an additional 3 days for instructional and professional development. For graduating seniors, 1,050 hours.

Citations: MCA 20-1-301
Mont.Admin.R. 10.65.101
N/A District option
Nebraska N/A Kindergarten ~ 400 hours
Grades 1-8 ~ 1,032 hours
Grades 9-12 ~ 1,080 hours

Citations: Neb. Rev.St. § 79-211, 212
N/A District option
Nevada 180 days

Notes: May include up to 5 days for professional development with approval from superintendent of public instruction.

Citations: N.R.S. 388.090; Nev. Admin. Code 387.120
N/A Kindergarten ~ 2 hours
Grades 1-2 ~ 4 hours
Grades 3-6 ~ 5 hours
Grades 7-12 ~ 5.5 hours

Notes: Includes recess and time between lessons. Excludes lunch.

Citations: Nev. Admin. Code 387.131
District option
New Hampshire 180 days

Notes: District option to meet either minimum hours/year or minimum days/year. High school seniors’ school year may be reduced by up to 5 days or 30 hours

Citations: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 189:1, 24; N.H. Code Admin. R. 306.18
Kindergarten ~ 450 hours
Elementary schools ~ 945 hours
Middle and high schools ~ 990 hours

Citations: N.H. Code Admin. R. 306.18
Elementary schools ~ 5.75 hours
Middle and high schools ~ 6 hours

Notes: May include up to 30 minutes of recess per day for elementary schools.

Citations: N.H. Code Admin. R. 306.18
District option
New Jersey 180 days

Citations: N.J.S.A. 18A:7F-9
N/A Full-day K ~ 2.5 hours
Grades 1-12 ~ 4 hours

Citations: N.J.A.C. 6A:32–8.3
District option
New Mexico N/A Half-day K ~ 450 hours
Full-day K-6 ~ 990 hours
Grades 7-12 ~ 1080 hours

Notes: 33 hours of the full-day K program and 22 hours of grades 1-6 may be used for home visits by the teacher or for parent-teacher conferences. 12 hours of grades 7-12 may be used to consult with parents or for parent-teacher conferences.

Citations: N. M. S. A. 1978, § 22-2-8.1
Half-day K ~ 2.5 hours
Full-day K-6 ~ 5.5 hours
Grades 7-12 ~ 6 hours

Citations: N. M. S. A. 1978, § 22-2-8.1
District option
New York 180 days

Citations: McKinney's Education Law § 3604
N/A Half-day K ~ 2.5 hours
Full-day K-6 ~ 5 hours
Grades 7-12 ~ 5.5 hours

Citations: Rules of the Regents and Regulations of the Commissioner of Education 175.5
District option
North Carolina 185 days

Notes: District option to meet either minimum hours/year or minimum days/year.

Citations: N.C.G.S.A. § 115C-84.2
1,025 hours

Citations: N.C.G.S.A. § 115C-84.2
N/A Start: No earlier than Monday closest to 8/19 with approval, otherwise Monday closest to 8/26. Finish: No later than Friday closest to June 11.

Citations: N.C.G.S.A. § 115C-84.2
North Dakota 175 days

Notes: In a 182-day calendar, 175 days are required for instruction, at least 2 days must be used for professional development and no more than 2 days may be used for parent-teacher conferences.

Citations: NDCC § 15.1-06-04
N/A

Notes: Any reconfigured school year must include at least: Grades K-8 ~ 951.5 hours
Grades 9-12 ~ 1,038 hours

Citations: NDCC § 15.1-06-05
Half-day K ~ 2.75 hours
Full-day K ~ 5.5 hours
Elementary ~ 5.5 hours
High School ~ 6 hours

Citations: NDCC § 15.1-22-02 NDCC § 15.1-06-04
District option
Ohio District option

Citations: R.C. § 3313.48
Half-day K ~ 455 hours
Full-day K-6 ~ 910 hours
Grades 7-12 ~ 1,001 hours

Citations: R.C. § 3313.48
N/A

Citations: R.C. § 3313.48
District option

Citations: R.C. § 3313.48
Oklahoma 180 days

Notes: District option to meet either minimum hours/year or minimum days/year.

Citations: 70 Okl.St.Ann. § 1-109
1,080 hours

Notes: Includes up to 30 hours used for professional meetings and 6 hours per semester for parent-teacher conferences.

Citations: 70 Okl.St.Ann. § 1-109
6 hours

Citations: 70 Okl.St.Ann. § 1-109
District option

Citations: 70 Okl.St.Ann. § 1-111
Oregon N/A Half-day K ~ 450 hours
Full-day K-8 ~ 900 hours
Grades 9-11 ~ 990 hours
Grade 12 ~ 966 hours

Notes: May include up to 30 hours of professional development and up to 30 hours of parent-teacher conferences. Includes recess for grades K-3.

Citations: OAR 581-022-2320
N/A

Notes: Oregon sets maximum, rather than minimum, hours/day: Grades K-8 ~ 8 hours, Grades 9-12 ~ 8.5 hours.

Citations: OAR 581-022-2320
District option, but no fewer than 265 consecutive calendar days between first and last instructional day.

Citations: OAR 581-022-2320
Pennsylvania 180 days

Notes: District option to meet either minimum hours/year or minimum days/year.

Citations: 22 Pa. Code § 11.1
Kindergarten ~ 450 hours
Grades 1-8 ~ 900 hours
Grades 9-12 ~ 990 hours

Citations: 22 Pa. Code § 11.1
22 Pa. Code § 51.61
Kindergarten ~ 2.5 hours
Grades 1-8 ~ 5 hours
Grades 9-12 ~ 5.5 hours

Citations: 22 Pa. Code § 11.3
22 Pa. Code § 51.61
District option
Rhode Island 180 days

Notes: District option to meet either minimum hours/year or minimum days/year.

Citations: Gen.Laws 1956, § 16-2-2
1,080 hours

Citations: Gen.Laws 1956, § 16-2-2
Kindergarten ~ 5.5 hours
Grades 1-12 ~ 6 hours

Citations: Gen.Laws 1956, § 16-99-3 Gen.Laws 1956, § 16-2-2
District option
South Carolina 180 days

Notes: 3 days must be used for professional development; no more than 2 days may be used for the preparation of opening schools; and 5 days must be used for teacher planning, academic plans and parent conferences to total 190 days.

Citations: Code 1976 § 59-1-425
N/A 6 hours

Notes: Includes lunch for elementary schools. Excludes lunch for secondary schools.

Citations: Code 1976 § 59-1-425
Start: No earlier than third Monday in August.

Citations: Code 1976 § 59-1-425
South Dakota District option

Citations: SDCL § 13-26-1
Kindergarten ~ 437.5 hours
Grades 1-5 ~ 875 hours
Grades 6-12 ~ 962.5 hours

Notes: Includes intermissions for grades 1-5. Excludes intermissions for grades 6-12. School boards may release graduating seniors prior to the end of the school year.

Citations: SDCL § 13-26-1
SDCL § 13-26-2
N/A

Citations: SDCL § 13-26-1
District option
Tennessee 180 days

Notes: Plus 5 days for in-service and 1 day for parent-teacher conferences.

Citations: T. C. A. § 49-6-3004
N/A Kindergarten ~ 4 hours
Grades 1-12 ~ 6.5 hours

Citations: T. C. A. § 49-6-201 T. C. A. § 49-6-3004
Start: No earlier than August 1.

Citations: T. C. A. § 49-6-3004
Texas N/A 1,260 hours

Notes: Includes intermissions and recesses. State specifies instructional time in minutes.

Citations: V.T.C.A., Education Code § 25.081
7 hours

Citations: V.T.C.A., Education Code § 29.0822
Start: No earlier than the fourth Monday in August.

Citations: V.T.C.A., Education Code § 25.0811
Utah 180 days

Notes: Includes parent-teacher conferences or college and career conferences for up to 16.5 hours or 3 full school days.

Citations: U.A.C. R277-419
Kindergarten ~ 450 hours
Grade 1 ~ 810 hours
Grades 2-12 ~ 990 hours

Citations: U.A.C. R277-419
Kindergarten ~ 2 hours
Grades 1-12 ~ 4 hours

Citations: U.A.C. R277-419
District option
Vermont 175 days

Notes: Plus at least 5 days of teacher in-service education days.

Citations: 16 V.S.A. § 1071
N/A Kindergarten ~ 2 hours/day or 10 hours/week
Grades 1-2 ~ 4 hours/day or 20 hours/week
Grades 3-8 ~ 5.5 hours/day or 27.5 hours/week
Grades 9-12 ~ 5.5 hours/day or 27.5 hours/week

Notes: Includes recess and excludes lunch for grades 1-8. Excludes recess and lunch for grades 9-12.

Citations: Vermont State Board of Education Manual of Rules and Practices 2312
Determined regionally

Citations: 16 V.S.A. § 1071
Virginia 180 days

Notes: District option to meet either minimum hours/year or minimum days/year.

Citations: VA Code Ann. § 22.1-98
Kindergarten ~ 540 hours
Grades 1-12 ~ 990 hours

Citations: VA Code Ann. § 22.1-79.1
Kindergarten ~ 3 hours
Grades 1-12 ~ 5.5 hours

Notes: Excludes recess and lunch.

Citations: 8 VAC 20-131-150
Start: After Labor Day.

Citations: VA Code Ann. § 22.1-79.1
Washington 180 days

Citations: West's RCWA 28A.150.220
Grades K-8 ~ 1,000 hours
Grades 9-12 ~ 1,080 hours

Citations: West's RCWA 28A.150.220
N/A District option
West Virginia 180 days

Citations: W. Va. Code, § 18-5-45
N/A Grades K-5 ~ 5.25 hours
Grades 6-8 ~ 5.5 hours
Grades 9-12 ~ 5.75 hours

Citations: W. Va. Code, § 18-5-45
District option
Wisconsin N/A Kindergarten ~ 437 hours
Grades 1-6 ~ 1,050 hours
Grades 7-12 ~ 1,137 hours

Citations: W.S.A. 121.02
N/A Start: No earlier than 9/1.

Citations: W.S.A. 118.045
Wyoming 175 days

Citations: W.S.1977 § 21-4-301
Kindergarten ~ 450 hours
Elementary ~ 900 hours
Middle/Jr. High ~ 1,050 hours
Secondary ~ 1,100 hours

Citations: WY Rules and Regulations EDU GEN Ch. 22 s 5
N/A District option

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