High School-Level Accountability: Rewards
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High School-Level Accountability: Rewards


4. Rewards

This database seeks to address the following questions:

4A
. Does the state reward high-performing schools? Thirty-nine states currently reward high performance, and one state is developing a rewards program.

Why does it matter?

4B. Are the school rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Sixteen states have both monetary and nonmonetary rewards.

Why does it matter?

4C. Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools receive the reward in 33 states, while both schools and staff receive the rewards in four states.

Why does it matter?

4D. Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Only eight states allow the school reward to be used for staff bonuses.

Why does it matter?


4E. Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Ten states base the reward on school improvement, whereas 11 states base the reward on absolute performance. Eighteen states base the reward either on school improvement or absolute performance.

Why does it matter?

Methodology: Policies were collected from state statutes, recently enacted legislation (session laws), and rules and regulations. Where necessary, statewide initiatives created outside of policy were collected from state education agencies. The information will be updated as changes occur.

Last updated: October 2007

Research was conducted by Melodye Bush. Please contact Jennifer Dounay Zinth at 303-299-3689 or jdounay@ecs.org with comments or questions about this database.

Alabama
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? School improvement
Sources Rewards: ALA. CODE § 16-1-35

Alaska
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: ALASKA ADMIN. CODE tit.4, §§ 06.885, 06.895

Arizona
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? No
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Not applicable
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Not applicable
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? State does not have a reward program.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Not applicable
Sources Rewards: Not applicable

Arkansas
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Both school and staff
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Yes
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: ARK. CODE ANN. § 6-15-2107

California
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: ANN. CALIF. CODE § 52057

Colorado
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Yes
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: COLO. REV. STATS. §22-7-610; COLO. CODE REGS. § 301.51

Connecticut
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Absolute performance
Sources Rewards: CONN. GEN. STAT. § 10-262L

Delaware
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Absolute performance
Sources Rewards: DEL. CODE ANN. 14 §156.

District of Columbia
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? No
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Not applicable
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Not applicable
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? District does not have a reward program.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Not applicable
Sources Rewards: Not applicable, Master Education Plan - Accountability

Florida
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Monetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Both school and staff
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Yes
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: FLA. ANN. STAT. § 1008.36

Georgia
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Both school and staff
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Yes
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: GA. CODE ANN. § 20-14-38

Hawaii
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary.

Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? School improvement
Sources Rewards: Hawaii Revised Stat. Ann. § 302A-1004

Idaho
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Absolute performance
Sources Rewards: IDAPA 08.02.03.113

Illinois
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary.

Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: ILL. COMP. STAT. § 5-2.3.25c

Indiana
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Rewards are both monetary and nonmonetary. Monetary if the improvements have been made in all performance benchmarks. Nonmonetary if the improvements have been made in at least one performance benchmark.
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Absolute performance
Sources Rewards: IND. CODE ANN. §§ 20-31-11-1, 20-31-11-3, 20-31-11-5, 20-31-11-6

Iowa
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? No
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Not applicable
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Not applicable
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? State does not have a reward program.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Not applicable
Sources Rewards: Not applicable

Kansas
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: KAN. ADMIN. REGS 91-31-39

Kentucky
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Monetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? School improvement
Sources Rewards: KY. REV. STAT. § 158.6455, KY. ADMIN. REG. 5:020, KY. ADMIN. REG. 5:130

Louisiana
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Monetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Unclear
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? School improvement
Sources Rewards:  LA. REV. STAT. ANN. § 17:10.3; LA. ADMIN. CODE tit. 28 § LXXXIII.1301

Maine
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Unclear
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Two rewards, one based on absolute performance and the other on school improvement
Sources Rewards:  CODE ME. R. § 05-071-125

Maryland
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? School improvement
Sources Rewards: MD. REGS. CODE 13A § 01.04.09

Massachusetts
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Monetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: Exemplary Compass Schools

Michigan
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? No
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Not applicable
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Not applicable
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? State does not have a reward program.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Not applicable
Sources Rewards: Not applicable

Minnesota
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? No
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Not applicable
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Not applicable
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? State does not have a reward program.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Not applicable
Sources Rewards: Not applicable

Mississippi
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: Mississippi Public School Accountability Standards 2007 Sec. 3.5.1

Missouri
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Monetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? School improvement
Sources Rewards: MO. CODE REGS. ANN. tit 5 § 80-870.010

Montana
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? No
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Not applicable
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Not applicable
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? State does not have a reward program.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Not applicable
Sources Rewards: Not applicable

Nebraska
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? No
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Not applicable
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Not applicable
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? State does not have a reward program.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Not applicable
Sources Rewards: Not applicable

Nevada
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Absolute performance
Sources Rewards: NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. § 385.3785

New Hampshire
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? No
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Not applicable
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Not applicable
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? State does not have a reward program.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Not applicable
Sources Rewards: Not applicable

New Jersey
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Absolute performance
Sources Rewards: N.J. STAT. ANN. § 18A:7F-29

New Mexico
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Monetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: N.M. STAT. ANN. §§ 22-2C-8, 22-2C-9

New York
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: N.Y. COMP. CODES R. & REGS. tit. 8 § 100.2

North Carolina
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Monetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Staff
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Yes
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? School improvement
Sources Rewards: N.C. GEN. STAT. 115C-105.36

North Dakota
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? No; however, they are currently developing a system of rewards.
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Not applicable
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Not applicable
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? State does not have a reward program.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Not applicable
Sources Rewards: Not applicable

Ohio
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Absolute performance
Sources Rewards: Ohio Department of Education's Schools of Distinction Information

Oklahoma
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? School improvement
Sources Rewards: OKLA. ADMIN. CODE § 210:10-13-20; OKLA STAT. tit 70 § 3-152.1 

Oregon
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? No
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Not applicable
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Not applicable
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? State does not have a reward program.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Not applicable
Sources Rewards: Not applicable

Pennsylvania
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Monetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Yes
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: Pennsylvania Accountability System, PA. STAT. ANN. 24 P.S. § 25-2599.2

Puerto Rico
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance or school improvement
Sources Rewards:  Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook, May 2003, Amended as of Sept. 2006

Rhode Island
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? School improvement
Sources Rewards: Regents' Commended Schools

South Carolina
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: S.C. CODE ANN. § SEC. 59-18-1100

South Dakota
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: S.D. CODIFIED LAWS § 13-3-67, S.D. ADMIN. R. 24:42:01:02

Tennessee
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Monetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Yes
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Absolute performance
Sources Rewards: TN. CODE ANN. § 49-3-360

Texas
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Both schools and staff
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Yes
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Either absolute performance or school improvement
Sources Rewards: TX. CODES ANN. §§ 39.092, 39.093, 39.094, 39.011

Utah
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? School improvement
Sources Rewards: UTAH CODE ANN. § 53A-1a-107

Vermont
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? No
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Not applicable
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Not applicable
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? State does not have a reward program.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Not applicable
Sources Rewards: Not applicable

Virginia
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Both absolute performance and school improvement
Sources Rewards: VA. CODE ANN. §§ 22.1-19, 22.1-253.13:3, 8 VA. ADMIN. CODE 20-131-325

Washington
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Staff
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Absolute performance
Sources Rewards: WASH. REV. CODE §§ 28A.625.020

West Virginia
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? Not applicable since rewards are nonmonetary.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Absolute performance
Sources Rewards: W.VA. CODE § 18-2E-5(j)(5)(F)

Wisconsin
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? No
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Not applicable
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Not applicable
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? State does not have a reward program.
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Not applicable
Sources Rewards: Not applicable

Wyoming
Rewards
Does the state reward high-performing schools? Yes
School rewards monetary or nonmonetary? Both monetary and nonmonetary
Are reward recipients school and/or staff? Schools
Can school rewards be used for staff bonuses? No
Are school rewards based on absolute performance or school improvement? Absolute performance
Sources Rewards: CODE OF WYO. RULES § 005-000-006 SECTION 10

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