This database indicates cateogrical funded states' allocation and student count method for K-12 students with disabilities.
Categorical Funding: Funding is allocated outside of the state’s primary funding formula through separate line items (12 states).
State Allocation: Categorical funding amounts may vary each year based on the state budget—we provide the most up-to-date information available.
Method of Determining Student Count: States use either:
The most common systems used for special education student counts are a student's average daily attendance (ADA), average daily membership (ADM) or enrollment of students. Six states make use of a system that does not rely on student counts but assumes that all districts have the same percentage enrollment of special education students. This system is known as a census-based system.
Data compiled by Maria Millard & Stephanie Aragon: firstname.lastname@example.org or 303.299.3620, email@example.com or 303.299.3614
|Funding Mechanism||State Allocation||Student Count|
|Arkansas||Categorical||Arkansas only provides funding for students with disabilities with high-costs.||Student count on October 1|
|California||Categorical||Funding depends on state appropriations. In FY 2014-2015, the department allocated $2,811,461,000 for students with disabilities.||Census-based|
|Colorado||Categorical||In FY 2014-2015, $160.9 million was allocated for special education programs. Districts receive $1,250 for each student with a disability. An additional $6,000 for children with certain disabilities may be provided; however, that funding is dependent on state appropriations and may be prorated. $500,000 is available for children not under the care of their parents.||Student count on December 1|
|Hawaii||Categorical||Funding depends on state appropriations. For FY 2014-2015, $325.5 million was allocated for students with disabilities (approximately 23.2% of the education budget).
*Note: Hawaii is a single school district.
|Based on individual student need, not enrollment.|
|Illinois||Categorical||Illinois distributes special education funding via separate categorical programs. In FY 2015, $1.5 billion was provided for these programs. Chicago District 299 receives special education funding through a block grant based on a static percentage and applied against each categorical program.
||Based on the IDEA child count of all students in the state|
|Massachusetts||Formula-funded: dollar allocation||In FY2015, the state provided districts with $23,332 for each assumed, in-district, special-needs student and $26,461 for each assumed, out-of-district, special-needs student, calculated at the full-time equivalent, rather than the individual, student level. The state also provides a high-cost reimbursement. For each student, the state's share equals 75% of the prior year's approved instructional costs in excess of 4 times the full amount of the prior year's state average per pupil foundation budget. For students who do not live with a parent or guardian, the state reimburses 100%. Reimbursements are subject to appropriation.||Census-based|
|Minnesota||Categorical||$1.12 billion allocated for students with disabilities in FY 2014-2015. The state is transitioning to a new funding method for FY 2016 (still a categorical program) that distributes funding through dollar allocation for three categories of disabilities.||Adjusted Average Daily Membership count. Beginning in Fiscal Year 2016, the state will transition to a more census-based method that accounts for overall district average daily membership served, poverty concentration, district size, and the average costs of educating students with different primary disabilities.|
|Montana||Categorical||Funding depends on state appropriations. The total special education allocation must be distributed according to the following formula:
52.5% through instructional block grants
17.5% through related services block grants
25% to reimbursement of local districts
5% to special education cooperatives and joint boards for administration and travel
|The "Average Number Belonging" calculation of the number of students enrolled|
|Nevada||Categorical||Funding for 3,049 special education units was $41,608 in FY 2014 and $42,745 in FY 2015 for a total of $126.9 million and $130.3 million respectively.||Based on "special education program unit"-- or teaching positions|
|North Carolina||Categorical||Funding depends on state allocations. In FY 2014-2015, $784,172,856 (or $3,926.97 per funded child count) was allocated for students with disabilities.||The lesser of the student count on April 1 or 12.5% of the allotted Average Daily Membership|
|Pennsylvania||Categorical||The categorical funds are distributed through a weighted student count based on categories of student costs:
Category 1: 1.51
Category 2: 3.77
Category 3: 7.46
|Two year prior student count of students in each cost category|
|West Virginia||Categorical||Funding depends on state appropriations. The total FY 2016 allocation was $7,271,757.||Student count on December 1|