|Brief profile of state policy|
|California||Middle College High Schools. After two successful middle college high schools were established in 1989 through a grant from the California Community Colleges, legislation was enacted in 1997 to encourage the expansion of middle college high schools throughout the state.|
|Colorado||The Fast College Fast Jobs Education Program is a pilot program established by the legislature in 2007. To participate in the pilot, districts (and "target high schools" in those districts) must meet at least one of the following criteria: |
(1) Have contracted with a community college to implement a dual degree program within the two years prior to the effective date of the 2007 legislation.
(2) Had a graduation rate below 75% for the 2004-2005 school year, as reported by the state department of education.
A board of cooperative services in which at least half the members are districts meeting one of the criteria above is also eligible to participate in the pilot.
To participate in the pilot, an eligible district must enter into a contract with one or more two-year colleges, area vocational schools, or junior colleges in a junior college district to provide a fast college fast jobs education program.
|Michigan||Legislation provides for fifth-year high school students, who may enroll in early or middle college high schools to earn a high school diploma and an associate's degree or up to two years of transferable postsecondary credit. (In Michigan, the terms "early college" and "middle college" are used interchangeably.)|
Legislation enacted in 2006 provides start-up funds for middle colleges focused on health sciences. 2008 S.B. 1107, which the governor signed in August 2008, provides an additional $15 million for the creation of smaller, more personalized high schools providing real-world learning to at-risk students. Early/middle college high schools will qualify for these funds.
|North Carolina||Governor Mike Easley's Learn and Earn Early College High School Initiative, launched in 2004, offers students the opportunity to begin working toward earning a high school diploma and associate's degree (or two years of college credit) in five years, beginning in grade 9. The legislation for these programs refers to "cooperative innovative high school programs." The North Carolina New Schools Project, created in August 2003 by the governor's cabinet and the Public School Forum with financial support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, assists local sites in developing and implementing early college high schools.|
|Pennsylvania||State policy addresses both early college and middle college high school programs.|
Early college high school: A structured sequence of secondary and postsecondary credits offered over a 5- or 6-year period, allowing a program completer to earn both a high school diploma and postsecondary credits equivalent to an associate of arts degree or enough credits to enter a bachelor of arts program as a junior. Does not specify program location.
Middle college high school: A program that offers secondary and postsecondary coursework at an eligible postsecondary institution, allowing a program completer to earn both a high school diploma and the accumulation of postsecondary credits (but not necessarily an associate of arts degree or enough credits to enter a bachelor of arts program as a junior). An eligible postsecondary institution may be a nonprofit 2- or 4-year public or private college or university or an eligible private licensed school approved to operate in the state.
|Tennessee||With support from Governor Phil Bredesen, 2007 H.B. 99 (public chapter 459), modeled after North Carolina legislation, authorizes the creation of cooperative innovative high school programs, including early college high schools. The legislation also establishes the consortium for cooperative innovative education, a joint effort of the state board, department of education, Tennessee higher education commission, board of trustees of the University of Tennessee and the board of regents "to oversee cooperative innovative high school programs, to oversee articulation, alignment and curriculum development for such programs and to evaluate the success of students in the programs[.]"|
Two or more districts in cooperation with one or more public postsecondary institutions may apply to establish a cooperative innovative high school programs. Legislation directs the consortium to "develop a plan for the rollout of new cooperative innovative programs in a staggered manner and as quickly as possible so that by the 2009-2010" school year, programs are available throughout the state.
|Texas||Early colleges and middle colleges are programs for students to simultaneously complete the Recommended or Advanced high school diploma and up to two years of college credit. |
Early colleges must provide a course of study allowing students to combine high school and college courses in grades 9-12, and must provide students the opportunity to complete either an associate's degree or at least 60 credit hours toward a bachelor's degree within five years of high school entry.