Career/Technical Education: Funding Mechanisms

Career/Technical Education: Funding Mechanisms

Funding formulas vary from state to state. Some states have separate funding for career and technical education programs, while others have made no separate provisions. In most state formulas, general education students are given a weight of 1.0, so notation that a state provides an FTE of 1.3 for each career and technical student means the student's district receives an additional 30% in state funding over a general education student. Seven states report enhanced FTE funding for CTE students.

Why does it matter?

  • Funding formulas can push schools into maintaining traditional course structures instead of allowing more flexible and innovative approaches to teaching and learning.
  • Funding formulas that embrace and seek business participation can broker new opportunities.

Methodology: This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and will be updated as new policies are enacted.

Last updated: June 2008

Research conducted by Melodye Bush. Please contact Jennifer Dounay Zinth for questions, additions or corrections: 303.299.3689 or

Funding mechanisms (i.e., enhanced FTE for CTE students, a line item, special grants, etc.)
Arizona Enhanced funding to 1.25 at program satellites. Funding increases to 1.75 at stand-alone campuses constructed solely for career and technical programs.

Statewide funding is available in the following career and technical education areas:

  • D-1 CTE Facility Bond Grants ($500 million)
  • Regional Occupational Centers and Programs ($485 million)
  • Vocational Agriculture Education Grants ($5 million)
  • Partnership Academy Grants ($23 million)
  • SB 70 Career Technical Education Grants ($53 million)
  • Apprenticeship Program ($18.9 million)
  • CTE Equipment Grant ($12 million)
  • Vocational Student Leadership Funds ($500,000)
Colorado 2008 legislation (H.B. 1079) requires career and technical education funds to be distributed based on actual expenditures by participating school districts, boards of cooperative services and charter schools.
Delaware The Delaware unit count system awards enhanced FTEs based on the number of active career and technical education students and expenses associated with the development, implementation and maintenance of state approved career and technical education programs.
District of Columbia
Florida Enhanced FTE (1.3) for each student who completes the career and technical education program.
Idaho The division of professional-technical education provides funding for state approved programs based on the instructor FTE of state approved courses.  This funding is provided on an annual basis. State funding is also provided for professional-technical schools through an average daily attendance model. When funds are available, one-time grants and special projects are funded with state funds.
Indiana Indiana provides additional state funding for career and technical education programs based on wage/demand factors multiplied times the number of credits being earned on "count day" times the number of students enrolled in the program on that day.
Kansas 1.5 FTE for students enrolled in an approved career and technical education course.
Kentucky School-to-Careers Grant Program designed to provide matching funds to school districts or consortia of school districts for the development and implementation of comprehensive plans that include:
  • A comprehensive career awareness and exploration program for all K-8 students that includes learning about the state's 14 career clusters
  • High level academic and vocational courses for all secondary students to replace a general track curriculum
  • A comprehensive career guidance program to assist all secondary students in developing individual graduation plans
  • Applied academic instructional models for all disciplines and integration of academics and vocational education curriculum
  • Implementation of industry skill standards within all relevant academic and vocational education programs
  • Planned instructional programs to meet the needs of students with disabilities and other special needs students
  • Opportunity for students to receive, in addition to a high school diploma, a Career Major Certification upon completion of the high school graduation requirements, work-based learning experiences, specific course work and a career culminating project
  • Opportunity for students to participate in structured work-based learning
  • Linkages with postsecondary institutions that create a smooth and seamless transition from secondary to postsecondary education
  • Professional development for faculty and staff focused on developing integrated and applied curriculum
  • A School-to-Careers Partnership Council composed of representatives from business, labor, education agencies, parents, students, teachers, administrators and community organizations.
Minnesota Local permissive levy available to support state-approved programs at the lesser of $80 per student in grades 10-12 or 25% of program costs.

Funding is available for career and technical education programs specifically designed for students with disabilities using a funding formula identical to that used for general special education.
Nebraska Competitive grants
Nevada Special career and technical education grants
New Hampshire Special fund
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota Separate state funding for career and technical education.  Base is 25% reimbursement for approved career and technical education programs.
Ohio State provides foundation basic aid for each secondary career and technical education student FTE. Additional weighted funding for its career and technical education students is provided based on program of enrollment.
Oregon No specific earmark for career and technical education.  State funding support is provided through the state school fund.
Pennsylvania State funds career and technical education based on the number of days a student attends the career and technical education program.
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota State funds are available to career and technical education programs through a line item in the state department of education budget.
Texas State weighed funding for students enrolled in career and technical education courses of 1.35
Utah State provides additional funding for 20 career and technical education students or up to 25 students if the program is shared between two schools.
Virginia Categorical funding and enhanced FTE for career and technical education student/teacher ratio.
Washington FTE for career and technical education students, also a state incentive grant for increased enrollment in vocational skill centers programs.
West Virginia
Wyoming Enhanced FTE for career and technical education students (1.29 weight for each FTE student in CTE).

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