Dual Enrollment: How State Funds Participating Postsecondary Institutions

Dual Enrollment: How State Funds Participating Postsecondary Institutions

This database indicates the level of funding states provide postsecondary institutions for students participating in dual enrollment programs: funding equal to that provided for traditional postsecondary students, equal funding provided certain qualifications are met, or reduced funding compared to that provided for traditional postsecondary students.

Why does it matter?
  • How funding flows can either incentivize institutions to participate or refuse participation.
  • Postsecondary institutions that can be reassured that they will not lose significant funding for serving students in dual enrollment programs might be more open to participating.
  • For any dual enrollment program to be effective, it needs to have a steady and predictable source of funding.
  • Thirty-four states and the District of Columbia provide postsecondary institutions with the same level of funding for dual enrollment students and traditional postsecondary students.
  • Five states provide equal funding for dual enrollment and traditional postsecondary students, but with qualifications.
  • One state funds dual enrollment students at a higher level than traditional postsecondary students.
  • No state provides reduced funding for dual enrollment students as compared to traditional postsecondary students.
  • Three states provide different levels of funding, depending on which program a student is participating in.
  • Seven states do not specify the postsecondary funding levels for dual enrollment students in statute or regulations.
Note: This database does not include information about Tech Prep or early/middle college high school programs. Information about such programs is included in the ECS career/technical education and early/middle college high school databases.

Methodology: This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agency Web sites. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.

Last updated: December 2013

This database was compiled by Jennifer Dounay Zinth: 303.299.3689 or jdounay@ecs.org.

How state funds participating postsecondary institutions
Alabama Not defined. Determined on institutional basis.
Alaska Equal
Arizona Equal, for courses taught by postsecondary faculty. For community college courses taught by high school faculty on the high school campus, the amount of state aid that the community college would otherwise receive for that student is reduced by 50%.

For community college districts offering courses in high schools, the agreement or contract between the community college district and the school district or chartering organization must identify the amount received in full-time student equivalent funding, the portion of funding distributed to the district board or charter school, and any amount subsequently returned to the community college district by the school district or charter school.
Arkansas Equal, for credit-bearing courses. Public school students in grade 12 who are enrolled in remedial/developmental education courses are not counted for public higher education funding purposes.
California Equal, with qualifications. A community college may include high school students in the district’s report of full-time equivalent students only if the class is open to the general public, and is advertised as such in the college catalog, and/or the regular schedule of classes, and/or an addendum to the college catalog or regular schedule of classes. An exception is provided for a class offered at a high school after the regular schedule of classes is published.

Dual enrollment students funded at a higher level for special full-time students at a community college. A college is credited with additional units of average daily attendance for these students.

A community college district may not receive state apportionments for special part-time and full-time students enrolled in physical education courses in excess of 5% of the district's total reported full-time equivalent enrollment of special part-time and full-time students.
Colorado Equal
Connecticut Equal
Delaware Equal
District of Columbia Equal. Postsecondary institutions are funded based on actual student costs.  The state Dual Enrollment Fund will pay unmet tuition, fees, and books for participating dual enrollment students upon receiving an invoice from an eligible postsecondary institution.
Florida Equal
Georgia Dual Credit: Unclear

Joint Enrollment: Equal

Move on When Ready: Equal, with qualifications. Department pays institution the lesser of, less a records fee of $200.00 for administration costs of the local school system:
  • The actual cost of tuition, materials, and fees directly related to the courses taken by the eligible student at such institution; or
  • The amount that the participating eligible student would have earned under this article if he or she had been in equivalent instructional programs in the local school system.
Hawaii Equal
Idaho Equal
Illinois Equal
Indiana Postsecondary Enrollment Program: Equal
Iowa Equal
Kansas Equal
Kentucky Equal
Louisiana Equal
Maine Equal
Maryland Equal
Massachusetts Equal
Michigan Equal 
Minnesota Postsecondary institutions may be (but are not required to be) funded at a higher level for courses offered on the postsecondary campus. If a course is offered at a secondary school and taught by secondary teacher, the postsecondary system or institution must not require a payment from the school board that exceeds the cost to the postsecondary institution that is directly attributable to providing that course.
Mississippi Equal
Missouri Equal
Montana Equal
Nebraska Equal
Nevada Not defined
New Hampshire Dual enrollment students are funded at a higher level
New Jersey Equal
New Mexico Equal
New York Equal
North Carolina Equal
North Dakota Equal
Ohio Equal, with qualifications. The institution receives from the state the lesser of:
  • College tuition base multiplied by the participant's full-time equivalency percentage; or
  • Actual costs that would have been the participant’s responsibility if s/he had enrolled in the college as a postsecondary student independent of the postsecondary enrollment options program multiplied by the participant's full-time equivalency percentage.
The state does not reimburse colleges for remedial courses taken by a secondary school student.
Oklahoma Equal
Oregon Equal
Pennsylvania Equal

*Program currently inactive due to inadequate state funds*
Rhode Island Not defined
South Carolina Equal
South Dakota Equal
Tennessee Not defined
Texas Equal, with qualifications. A college may only claim funding for students earning college credit in core curriculum, career and technical education, and foreign language dual credit courses.

For a junior college offering a course through an agreement with a school district or private high school, the contact hours attributable to the high school student’s enrollment are included in the contact hours used to determine the junior college's proportionate share of the state money appropriated and distributed to public junior colleges, unless it is a physical education course.
Utah Indeterminate – dependent on the state allocation for the concurrent enrollment program, which is based on a formula established in 53A-17a-120.5.
Vermont Not defined
Virginia Equal
Washington Running Start: Reduced funding. The college receives 93% of basic education funding for the portion of eligible FTE, with 7% retained by local school districts to offset program-related costs.

College in the High School: Not specified
West Virginia All programs: Equal
Wisconsin All programs but 118.55(7r): Not defined

118.55(7r): Equal
Wyoming Equal

© 2018 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education. 700 Broadway #810, Denver, CO 80203-3442

To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please contact the Education Commission of the States’ Communications Department at 303.299.3609 or askinner@ecs.org.

Your Education Policy Team  www.ecs.org