Students May Take Developmental/Remedial Coursework for Dual Credit

Students May Take Developmental/Remedial Coursework for Dual Credit

This database indicates whether state policy explicitly allows high school students to access postsecondary developmental/remedial coursework for dual credit.

Why does it matter?
  • If a student is identified as not meeting college-readiness benchmarks before high school completion, why postpone interventions till the freshman year of college?
  • States and local partners should ensure developmental inverventions are targeted to area(s) of student need, and aligned with research and best practice.
  • In 24 states and the District of Columbia, state policy is silent on whether dual enrollment students may enroll in developmental/remedial coursework. A local agreement between a high school/district and postsecondary institution/system may permit or limit student participation in developmental/remedial courses.
  • Sixteen states explicitly prohibit dually enrolled students from participating in non-credit-bearing courses.
  • Eight states permit dually enrolled students to take developmental/remedial courses.
  • In 2 states, access to developmental/remedial courses varies depending on which of two or more state-level dual credit options a student is enrolled in.
Methodology: This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agency Web sites. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.

Last updated: December 2013

This database was compiled by Jennifer Dounay Zinth: 303.299.3689 or

Students may take developmental/remedial courses through dual enrollment program
Alabama No
Alaska Not set in state policy
Arizona No. A dual enrollment course is defined as a course applicable to a community college academic degree or certificate program.

Arkansas Yes, but only for courses offered through enrollment of students who have completed the 8th grade. A student must be a 12th grader with an ACT sub-score of at least 17 in English, reading or math (or an equivalent measure). An institution offering a remedial/developmental education course must inform the student, verbally and in writing, that successful completion of such coursework at one college or university does not guarantee college course placement at another Arkansas institution, unless there is a written/signed college course placement agreement with the other institution. A list of the institutions of higher education with a signed college course placement agreement must be 1) included in the signed Memorandum of Agreement between the school district and college/university, 2) published in the current college/university catalog, and 3) posted on the college/university website.

A remedial/developmental education course cannot be used to meet the core subject area/unit requirements in English and math for high school graduation.

Public school students in grade 12 who are enrolled in remedial/developmental education courses are not counted for public higher education funding purposes.
California Not set in state policy. However, while not strictly a dual credit course, a principal may recommend a student for a community college summer session course that is necessary to assist a pupil who has not passed the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) and that does not offer college credit in English language arts or math, provided the student is a high school senior and has completed all other graduation requirements prior to the end of his/her senior year, or will complete all remaining graduation requirements during a community college summer session, which he/she is recommended to enroll in, following his/her senior year of high school.
Colorado Yes
Connecticut Not set in state policy
Delaware Not set in state policy
District of Columbia Not set in state policy

Florida No. Developmental education and other forms of precollegiate instruction are ineligible for inclusion in the dual enrollment program.
Georgia Yes. Students who fail to demonstrate college readiness in reading, writing, and/or math may enroll in a dual credit course if they concurrently enroll in specially designed courses to address their deficits in reading and writing and/or math, be awarded dual credit if they meet readiness standards before or at the point they successfully complete the dual credit course.
Hawaii No
Idaho Not set in state policy
Illinois Not set in state policy. However, courses offered by a community college on a high school campus for dual credit must be selected from transfer courses that have been articulated with senior institutions in Illinois, or from the first-year courses in ICCB approved associate in applied science degree programs. As non-credit-bearing courses, developmental/remedial courses do not fall into either of these categories.
Indiana Not set in state policy
Iowa No
Kansas No. Remedial/developmental course work or coursework that does not apply to a Board of Regents’ approved degree program at the postsecondary partner institution in a CEP agreement is not considered appropriate for college-level credit or eligible for financial reimbursement.
Kentucky Not set in state policy
Louisiana Not set in state policy
Maine Not set in state policy
Maryland No
Massachusetts Not set in state policy
Michigan Not set in state policy
Minnesota No
Mississippi No
Missouri Not set in state policy
Montana Not set in state policy
Nebraska Not set in state policy
Nevada Not set in state policy. In practice, the state has not allowed dual credit for courses that would be considered developmental or remedial. Courses below 100 are not included on the lists of courses forwarded to the state board for inclusion on the approved list.
New Hampshire Not set in state policy
New Jersey Not set in state policy
New Mexico No
New York Not set in state policy
North Carolina Yes, through the Gateway to College Program. While Gateway to College is a national program, statute directs the state board of community colleges to permit high school students enrolled in Gateway to College programs to enroll in developmental courses based on an assessment of their individual student needs by a high school and community college staff team, and include this coursework in computing the budget FTE for the colleges.
North Dakota Not set in state policy
Ohio Yes. However, students/parents must bear the cost of tuition and all other expenses for remedial courses taken by a student at a college or university. Participation in remedial courses is not reflected in district and school public accountability report cards.
Oklahoma No
Oregon Yes. A district must enter into an agreement with a postsecondary institution that accepts a student for enrollment in a noncredit course.
Pennsylvania No

*Program currently inactive due to inadequate state funds*
Rhode Island No

South Carolina No
South Dakota Not set in state policy
Tennessee Yes. A community college may develop a cooperative innovative program targeted to high school students who need postsecondary remediation. Such a student, upon certification by the community college of the student's successful participation and upon admittance to the postsecondary institution, must be deemed to need no further remediation.

A college of applied technology may develop a cooperative innovative program targeted to high school students who may need remediation in technical math and reading upon enrollment in a college of applied technology. If the remediation is successful, upon admittance to any college of applied technology, the student must be deemed to need no further remediation.
Texas Yes. Each school district must partner with at least one institution of higher education to develop and provide 12th grade courses in college preparatory mathematics and English language arts. A course may be offered for dual credit at the institution of higher education’s discretion.

Public colleges may not offer remedial and developmental courses for dual credit.
Utah No
Vermont Not set in state policy
Virginia No
Washington Running Start: No

College in the High School: Not set in state policy
West Virginia All programs: No
Wisconsin All programs but 118.55(7r): Not set in state policy

118.55(7r): No
Wyoming Not set in state policy

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