Advanced Placement - State postsecondary institutions must award credit for minimum scores


Advanced Placement - State postsecondary institutions must award credit for minimum scores


This information was collected from statutes, state board regulations and state education agency Web sites and was fully updated in 2016. Please contact Jennifer Dounay Zinth at 303.299.3689 or jzinth@ecs.org with questions regarding state policies on this issue.
 

State postsecondary institutions must award credit for minimum scores
Alabama No
Alaska No
Arizona Yes. The state board is required, in consultation with the community college districts, to develop and implement common equivalencies for specific levels of achievement on AP exams, in order to award commensurate postsecondary academic credits at community colleges and public universities in the state.

In practice, while most Arizona 2- and 4-year institutions award credit for AP exam scores, not all exams are recognized for credit (or for non-elective credit) at all institutions.
Arkansas No
California Yes. The University of California and California State University systems both award postsecondary credit for AP exam scores of ≥ 3.

In addition, a spring 2016 resolution of the Academic Senate for California Community Colleges encourages local senates and curriculum committees to work with discipline faculty to regularly review processes and practices for awarding credit for AP scores, to ensure that students receive all proper credit and are not required to duplicate coursework. Regulation directs the governing board of each community college district to adopt and publish policies and procedures pertaining to credit by exam, and authorizes the governing board of a community college district to adopt policies to grant credit for satisfactory completion of AP exams. 

The faculty in the appropriate discipline must approve AP exams, scores deemed to constitute satisfactory performance, courses offered by the college for which credit will be granted, and requirements that may be met by such examinations in accordance with policies and procedures approved by the curriculum committee.
Colorado Yes. The Colorado Commission on Higher Education has established AP exam cut scores that fulfill GT Pathways General Education Credit requirements (effective for new students starting class on or after July 1, 2016).
Connecticut No
Delaware No
District of Columbia No
Florida Yes. The department of education must annually publish the minimum scores, maximum credit, and course or courses for which credit is to be awarded for each AP exam.  The department shall use student performance data in subsequent postsecondary courses to determine the appropriate examination scores and courses for which credit is to be granted. Minimum scores may vary by subject area based on available performance data. In addition, the department shall identify such courses in the general education core curriculum of each state university and Florida College System institution.

The specific courses for which students receive such credit must be identified in the statewide articulation agreement.
Georgia Yes. All University System of Georgia institutions award credit for minimum AP exam scores. All Technical College System of Georgia institutions award credit to students who have taken appropriate courses in high school and achieved AP exam scores of ≥ 3.
Hawaii No
Idaho No
Illinois Yes. Effective with the 2016-2017 academic year, scores of ≥ 3 on AP exams must be accepted for credit to satisfy degree requirements by all public institutions of higher education. Each institution of higher education must determine for each test whether credit will be granted for electives, general education requirements, or major requirements and the AP scores required to grant credit for those purposes.

By the conclusion of the 2019-2020 academic year, the Board of Higher Education, in cooperation with the Illinois Community College Board, must analyze each institution's AP exam score course granting policy and the research used by each institution in determining the level of credit and the number of credits provided for AP scores and file a report to the general assembly and the governor that includes findings and recommendations. Each institution of higher education must provide the Board of Higher Education and the Illinois Community College Board with all necessary data, in accordance with the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, to conduct the analysis.

Each institution of higher education must publish its updated AP exam score course granting policy on its website before the beginning of the 2016-2017 academic year.
Indiana Yes. All public postsecondary institutions must award credit for scores of ≥ 3. However, an institution may require a score higher than 3 on an AP exam if the credit is to be used for meeting a course requirement for a particular major at the institution.

In addition, statute directs the department of education and the commission for higher education to work with each state educational institution on implementing and communicating the state educational institution's policy for awarding AP credits for minimum scores.
Iowa No
Kansas No
Kentucky Yes. Public postsecondary institutions must grant academic credit for scores of ≥ 3 on AP exams. Institution-level policies must specify whether the institution will grant academic credit toward the requirements of a major, program, or degree. Policies must also state which AP exams will be accepted toward academic credit toward a major, program or degree, and the minimum score on the AP exam for granting the academic credit toward a major, program or degree.
Louisiana Yes. Under the statewide articulation and transfer agreeement, postsecondary educational institutions must accept credits earned in accelerated programs such as AP.
Maine No
Maryland No. However, credit for transfer students' AP exam scores must be assigned according to the same standards that apply to native students in the receiving institution.
Massachusetts No
Michigan No
Minnesota No. Minnesota State Colleges and Universities must award credit for an AP exam score of ≥ 3. The University of Minnesota is encouraged to but not required to award college credit for AP scores of ≥ 3.

2015 H.F. 1 directed the chancellor of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities to  submit to the K–12 and higher education legislative committees a report by February 1, 2016 describing how to standardize AP exam course equivalencies across all state colleges and universities.
Mississippi No
Missouri No. However, the state credit transfer guidelines requires that institutions transfer and treat credit earned via AP in the same manner as it would for native students.
Montana No
Nebraska No
Nevada Yes, effective with the 2016-2017 academic year. AP scores of ≥ 3 must be accepted for credit to satisfy electives, general education requirements, or major requirements. Each institution must publish its AP exam score course granting policy in its course catalog and on its website before the beginning of the 2016-2017 academic year.
New Hampshire No
New Jersey No
New Mexico No
New York No
North Carolina No
North Dakota Yes. A credit-by-exam chart outlines the credit hours and equivalent college courses for which students may receive credit for a minimum score on an AP exam.
Ohio Yes. A score of ≥ 3 will provide credit at any Ohio public institution of higher education. The credit must count towards graduation and meet a general education requirement if the course to which the AP credit is equivalent fulfills a requirement at the receiving institution. The state AP policy also provides that when it clearly enhances a student's opportunity for success, an institution should strongly advise that an AP score of ≥ 4 is needed for a student to be successful in a subsequent course in a highly dependent sequence of courses in a STEM area. For example, an advisor should strongly recommend that an AP score of ≥ 4 is needed on the AP Chemistry exam in order for the student to be successful in the second chemistry course.

In addition, a score of ≥ 3 on an AP foreign language exam will provide credit for at least the first year of foreign language at any public 2- or 4-year institution.
Oklahoma No
Oregon Yes. The Higher Education Coordinating Commission annually approves AP exam scores for which public 2- and 4-year institutions must award minimum postsecondary credit.
Pennsylvania No
Rhode Island No
South Carolina Yes, for scores of ≥ 3. South Carolina Commission on Higher Education policy establishes parameters for total AP credits and English credits that may be awarded.
South Dakota Yes. All institutions under the board of regents award credit for AP scores of ≥ 3.
Tennessee No. However, Tennessee Board of Regents (TBR) policy recommends that all TBR community colleges award specified amounts of postsecondary credit for certain AP exam scores.
Texas Yes. Each institution of higher education that offers freshman-level courses must adopt and implement a policy to grant undergraduate course credit to entering freshman students who have earned qualifying scores on AP exams. In establishing the minimum required AP exam score for granting course credit for a particular lower-division course, an institution of higher education may not require a score above 3 unless the institution's chief academic officer determines, based on evidence, that a higher score on the exam is necessary to indicate a student is sufficiently prepared to be successful in a related, more advanced course for which the lower-division course is a prerequisite.

Institutional policies must:
  • Establish the institution's conditions for granting course credit, including the minimum required scores on AP exams
  • Identify the specific course credit or other academic requirements of the institution, including the number of semester credit hours or other course credit, that the institution will grant to a student who achieves required scores on AP exams, based on correlations identified by the higher education coordinating board between the subject matter and content of courses offered by each institution of higher education and the subject matter and content of courses and examinations in the AP program.
In addition, the higher education coordinating board, in consultation with institutions of higher education, the board's Undergraduate Education Advisory Committee, and other interested parties, must conduct a study on the performance of undergraduate students at institutions of higher education who receive undergraduate course credit for achieving required scores on one or more AP exams. The study must compare the academic performance, retention rates, and graduation rates at institutions of higher education of students who complete a lower-division course at an institution and students who receive credit for that course for a score of ≥ 3 on an AP exam, disaggregated by score. A progress report is due by January 2017 and a final report must be submitted to the governor, the lieutenant governor, the speaker of the house of representatives, and the standing legislative committees with primary jurisdiction over higher education by January 2019 regarding the results of the study and any recommendations for legislative or administrative action.
Utah Yes. Students may fulfill the math requirement in the General Education Core by scoring ≥ 3 on AP Calculus AB, Calculus BC, or Statistics. Three-credit Writing requirement in General Education Core may also be fulfilled by scores on AP English exams.

In addition, the board of regents is required to identify minimum scores and maximum credit for each AP exam. Utah System of Higher Education policy provides that scores of ≥ 3 may receive a maximum of 10 semester hours of credit for a foreign language exam, up to 8 semester hours of credit for a full year course, or up to 4 semester hours of credit for a half year course. Institutions may determine appropriate AP scores in academic departments for which there are AP exams.
Vermont No
Virginia Yes. Each public institution of higher education's governing board must implement policies to grant undergraduate course credit to entering freshman who have successfully taken one or more AP exams. The policies must outline the conditions necessary for the institution to grant course credit, including the minimum required scores on AP exams. Each public institution of higher education's governing board must report to the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia the policies adopted and implemented in compliance with these provisions, and make the policies available on the institution's website.

Effective July 2016, the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (Council), in consultation with each public institution of higher education's governing board, must establish a policy for granting undergraduate course credit to entering freshman students who have taken one or more AP exams. The policy must: 
  •  Outline the conditions necessary for each public institution of higher education to grant course credit, including the minimum required scores on such exams
  • Identify each public institution of higher education's course credit or other academic requirements that the student satisfies by achieving the minimum required scores on such exams
  • Ensure, to the extent possible, that the grant of course credit is consistent across each public institution of higher education and each such exam.
The policy must be posted to the council's and to each public institution of higher education's website.

In addition, each institution within the Virginia Community College System must develop agreements for postsecondary degree attainment with the public high schools in the school divisions that they serve, specifying the options for students to complete an associate's degree or a one-year Uniform Certificate of General Studies concurrent with a high school diploma. Such agreements must specify the credit available for AP exam scores of ≥ 3.
Washington Yes. Every two years, the institutions of higher education must collaboratively develop a master list of postsecondary courses that can be fulfilled by achieving benchmark scores on AP or other recognized college-level proficiency exams. Courses on the master list fulfill lower division general education requirements or postseondary career and technical education requirements. From the master list, each institution must create and publish a list of its courses that can be satisfied by successful proficiency exam scores. The requirements to develop a master list do not apply if an institution has a clearly published policy of awarding credit for AP or other recognized college-level placement exams and does not require those credits to meet specific course requirements but generally applies those credits towards degree requirements.

In addition, each institution of higher education, in designing its certificate, technical degree program, two-year academic transfer program, or first-year student and sophomore courses of a baccalaureate program, must recognize the equivalencies of at least one year of course credit and maximize the application of the credits toward lower division general education requirements that can be earned through successfully demonstrating proficiency on exams, including AP exams. To the extent possible, institutions must agree on examination qualifying scores and demonstrated competencies for the credits or courses under subsection (3) of this section, with scores equivalent to qualified or well-qualified. Nothing in this subsection shall prevent an institution of higher education from adopting policies using higher scores for additional purposes.
West Virginia Yes. Students earning ≥ 3 on an AP exam will receive credit at any public 2- or 4-year institution. The Higher Education Policy Commission maintains a list of all AP exams and the minimum number of credits each institution will grant. However, a department may require a higher score than 3 on an AP test if the credit is to be used toward meeting a course requirement for a major in the department. 
Wisconsin No. University of Wisconsin Board of Regents policy requires all UW System institutions to award credit for AP scores of ≥ 3. Each institution determines whether course equivalent credit or credit in the major should be granted and the AP score required to grant credit for those purposes. However, the Wisconsin Technical College System does not have a systemwide policy, although all 16 colleges will accept a 3, minimally, for most courses.
Wyoming No

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