While many states have set generalized goals on improving student achievement across the P-16 or P-20 continuum, 16 states (either through or independently of the P-16 or P-20 council) have established specific numerical goals for P-16 or P-20 performance indicators.
Why does it matter?
Sources for all data points are accessible through this link.
Methodology: ECS performed an initial search of statutes, regulations and executive orders. However, because many P-16 and P-20 councils are established independently of these means, ECS conducted interviews with and had all data verified by at least one contact in the state (typically a P-16 or P-20 council member or staff member supporting the council).
Last update: May 28, 2008
This database was compiled by Jennifer Dounay, project manager, ECS High School Policy Center. For questions, additions or corrections: 303.299.3689 or email@example.com.
|State has P-16/P-20 performance goals|
Notes/Citation: The Council has adopted specific goals such as increasing the state's graduation rate by 12% by 2012, and is working to double the number of bachelor's degrees produced by 2020. In addition, staff utilize a strategic plan to track the Council's progress. The council also tracks the progress of its initiatives by setting baselines and using data to track relevant measures each year.
Notes/Citation: State has not set P-16 performance goals per se, but has set goals of the P-16 council, available at http://www.doe.state.de.us/info/P20council/goals.shtml
Notes/Citation: A workplan has been completed for Goal I ("increase high school graduation rate, decrease high school drop-out rate, and increase post-secondary enrollment rate"). A workplan for Goal II ("strengthen teacher quality, recruitment, and retention") is under development, as of May 2008.
Notes/Citation: At the November 2007 meeting, council members voted that the P-20 council's long-term goal would be to increase the proportion of working adults in the state with 2- or 4-year degrees to 55%.
Notes/Citation: However, the April 2008 executive order directs the council to "establish benchmarks to promote the council's commitment to success."
Notes/Citation: The state has established the goal of doubling the number of bachelor degree holders in Kentucky between 1997 and 2020, to 580,000 by 2020. More details are available on the Council on Postsecondary Education Web site http://cpe.ky.gov/doublethenumbers/. The Council on Postsecondary Education CPE holds itself accountable for college readiness of Kentuckians. In addition, as of March 2008, the P-16 council is working on developing P-16 indicators of progress.
Notes/Citation: The Blue Ribbon Commission for Educational Excellence has set the goal of increasing the number of teachers prepared by the state university system by 15%. In 2005, the High School Redesign Commission established the following goals for 2015: (1) Increase the graduation rate from 62% to 80% and reduce the dropout rate from 6.9% to 3.5%; (2) Increase access to postsecondary education from 41% to 51%; (3) Increase readiness for postsecondary education, as demonstrated by increasing the number of students scoring 18+ on the ACT English section from 67% to 72% and on the ACT math section from 29% to 34%; and (4) Enhancing graduates' workforce readiness by increasing the number of graduates earning Academic and/or Career Technical Endorsements from 5.4% to 31.2%.
Notes/Citation: The advisory council is to recommend to the governor a plan for increasing the percentage of adults with a four-year degree to 30% and for increasing the high school-to-college rate from 55% to 70%.
Notes/Citation: The governor's education council met several times and produced "Minnesota Measures". However, the council has not endorsed these objectives.
|Mississippi||No information available|
Notes/Citation: However, P-16 performance goals are currently under discussion.
Notes/Citation: The state board of education has set "Goals for the 21st Century" on various areas, including student achievement, teaching quality and leadership. The University of North Carolina (UNC) system has set goals related to student enrollment, retention and graduation, and teacher recruitment and production. UNC is also implementing graduation targets for community college associate degree transfers. While North Carolina Independent Colleges and Universities (NCICU) has not set performance goals, these have been set by individual member institutions.
Notes/Citation: At the March 2008 meeting, the partnership is scheduled to discuss a strategic plan for its work under the current gubernatorial administration.
Notes/Citation: Each agency has state established performance measures that form a P-16 continuum. More details on these performance measures are available at http://www.oregon.gov/DAS/OPB/docs/obm/Education_Analysis.doc and http://www.oregon.gov/DAS/OPB/obm.shtml
Notes/Citation: The STEM council has established long-term goals aimed at increasing the number and diversity of STEM majors and workers. Goals relate to teacher quality, including in high-poverty schools; preparing and motivating more students in STEM subjects; aligning state P-16 STEM education standards and assessments with postsecondary and workforce expectations; and increasing the number of skilled STEM workforce in the state by increasing the number of STEM majors/courses in 2- and 4-year institutions and industry certification programs. More information can be found at http://www.psi.camp7.org/DocumentHandler.ashx?DocId=3538.
Notes/Citation: The state's "2010 Education" (or "2010E") initiative establishes six goals for the state to achieve by the year 2010. The goals address 3rd grade proficiency in reading and math; the percentage of students going on to college, technical school or advanced training; postsecondary performance and completion; teacher recruitment, retention and training; improved educational outcomes for Native American students; and the K-12 funding formula. More information is available on http://www.2010education.com/.
Notes/Citation: Advancing P-16 alignment is a constant in the strategic planning of the agencies represented on the council, and each agency sets goals through its master plan. Performance goals for higher education institutions are embedded in all the work of the Tennessee Higher Education Commission (THEC) through the assessment construct of performance funding in which institutions are held accountable for retention rates, graduation rates, and support for at-risk students. Under the advisement of the state P-16 council, GEAR UP TN has goals for each of its established benchmarks.
Notes/Citation: However, local and regional councils are encouraged to look at P-16 performance goals on their own.
|Utah||No information available|
Notes/Citation: The P-16 council's 2006 report (http://www.education.virginia.gov/Initiatives/P-16Council/P-16Council-InitialReport.pdf) proposes goals to help the state improve middle grades students' preparation for rigorous high school work, increase the number of students completing IB, AP and other rigorous high school courses, and increase the proportion of 18- to 24-year-olds in college.
Notes/Citation: P-20 performance goals were articulated in the Washington Learns final report and are available at http://www.p20council.wa.gov/materials/20070913/10yrgoals.pdf.
Notes/Citation: The executive order provides that the office of the governor must "determine performance measures for the Cabinet based on the following criteria: a. Providing for the maximal use of state resources throughout the P-20 enterprise; (b) Allowing longitudinal data analyses of finances, programs and students; (c) Requiring joint planning and coordination among complementary initiatives; (d) Identifying duplicative and counterproductive programs and initiatives; (e) Identifying common interagency legislative interests and strategies; (f) Identifying extant laws, regulation and practices that impede student articulation and transition; (g) Introducing system-wide best practices, including the sharing of faculty and staff positions among secondary and postsecondary institutions; and (h) Creating incentives for partnerships among institutions that may include access to innovation funding and mutual performance requirements."
Notes/Citation: The state has established a goal of increasing the current 44% of 9th graders who eventually pursue some form of postsecondary education.
© 2014 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education.
To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please fax a request to the attention of the ECS Communications Department, 303.296.8332 or e-mail
Helping State Leaders Shape Education Policy