Councils in 31 states are advisory only, while councils in three states (North Carolina, Oregon and Tennessee) have administrative authority over state programs or the authority to require change from other agencies. The power of the P-16/P-20 council is unclear in four states, as of May 2008.
Why does it matter?
Sources for all data points are accessible through this link.
Methodology: ECS performed an initial search of statutes, regulations and executive orders. However, because many P-16 and P-20 councils are established independently of these means, ECS conducted interviews with and had all data verified by at least one contact in the state (typically a P-16 or P-20 council member or staff member supporting the council).
Last update: May 28, 2008
This database was compiled by Jennifer Dounay, project manager, ECS High School Policy Center. For questions, additions or corrections: 303.299.3689 or email@example.com.
|Advisory only or has authority|
|Connecticut||To be determined|
|Louisiana||Blue Ribbon Commission for Educational Excellence: Advisory only|
High School Redesign Commission: Advisory only
|Maine||No information available as of May 2008.|
|New Hampshire||Advisory only|
|North Carolina||Authority to require change. Statute provides the Education Cabinet with authority for specific components of policy across the education continuum. The cabinet also oversees NC Virtual.|
|Oregon||Authority–policies approved by the Joint Boards apply to all sectors K-16 and must be adopted by the K-12 and postsecondary governing board in the state.|
|Pennsylvania||STEM: Advisory only |
PASSHE Regional Councils: Advisory only
|Rhode Island||Advisory only|
|South Carolina||Advisory only|
|South Dakota||Advisory only|
|Tennessee||Authority to require change. 2007 H.B. 99 gives oversight of cooperative innovative high school programs (such as early college high schools) to the "consortium for cooperative innovative education." The P-16 council serves as this consortium.|
|West Virginia||Advisory only|
© 2013 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education.
To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please fax a request to the attention of the ECS Communications Department, 303.296.8332 or e-mail
Helping State Leaders Shape Education Policy