Councils have been established by executive order in 11 states, by statute in 10 states, and through voluntary agreements in 14 states. In two states (Delaware and Louisiana), councils were established by executive order and later codified through legislation. In Montana and Utah, councils were created by a board of education resolution.
It should be noted that in many states, an executive order or legislation has either made permanent or reconstituted a council initially created through a voluntary agreement. This database indicates the method of creation of the current P-16 or P-20 council in each state.
Why does it matter?
Sources for all data points are accessible through this link.
Methodology: ECS performed an initial search of statutes, regulations and executive orders. However, because many P-16 and P-20 councils are established independently of these means, ECS conducted interviews with and had all data verified by at least one contact in the state (typically a P-16 or P-20 council member or staff member supporting the council).
Last update: May 28, 2008
This database was compiled by Jennifer Dounay, project manager, ECS High School Policy Center. For questions, additions or corrections: 303.299.3689 or email@example.com.
|Made permanent by executive order or statute|
|Delaware||Yes—executive orderWhile the council was initially created by executive order in 2003, 2005 legislation established the council in statute.|
Notes/Citation: The High School Redesign Commission began meeting on a voluntary basis in 1994, was established by executive order in 1999, and was established in statute in 2005.
Notes/Citation: The Blue Ribbon Commission for Educational Excellence is a voluntary partnership.
|Montana||Yes—board of education resolution|
|New Hampshire||Yes—executive order|
|Rhode Island||Yes—executive order|
|South Dakota||No—informally established|
|Utah||Yes—board of education resolution|
|Virginia||Yes—executive orderThe current executive order is set to expire this July 2008. However, a new executive order will be established and there is an intention to introduce legislation to codify the council in the 2009 General Assembly session.|
|West Virginia||Yes—executive order|
© 2015 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education.
To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please contact the Education Commission of the States’ Communications Department at (303) 299.3609 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Helping State Leaders Shape Education Policy