Nineteen councils define their scope as P-16, while 16 councils propose a P-20 scope. One state, South Dakota, has a P-21 council. Many of the first councils created in the 1990s espoused a K-16 scope of work; this was replaced with a P-16 scope late in the decade and in the early 2000s. Many of the councils with a P-20 scope were either created or reconstituted since 2003.
Why does it matter?
Sources for all data points are accessible through this link.
Methodology: ECS performed an initial search of statutes, regulations and executive orders. However, because many P-16 and P-20 councils are established independently of these means, ECS conducted interviews with and had all data verified by at least one contact in the state (typically a P-16 or P-20 council member or staff member supporting the council).
Last update: May 28, 2008
This database was compiled by Jennifer Dounay, project manager, ECS High School Policy Center. For questions, additions or corrections: 303.299.3689 or email@example.com.
|Scope of the initiative (P-16, P-20, etc.)|
© 2014 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education.
To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please fax a request to the attention of the ECS Communications Department, 303.296.8332 or e-mail
Helping State Leaders Shape Education Policy