P-16/P-20 Councils: Year Started
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P-16/P-20 Councils: Year Started

The nation's first P-16 council was created in Georgia in 1996 by then-governor Miller. The first coordinating body still meeting today with the same membership is North Carolina's Education Cabinet, which began meeting voluntarily in 1992 and was established in statute in 1993.

Note: In this database, "year started" indicates the year in which the council with its current membership and agenda. Where a newer council with new members and a new agenda has taken the place of a previously created council, the database reflects the year in which the current council was created.

Sources for all data points are accessible through this link.

Methodology: ECS performed an initial search of statutes, regulations and executive orders. However, because many P-16 and P-20 councils are established independently of these means, ECS conducted interviews with and had all data verified by at least one contact in the state (typically a P-16 or P-20 council member or staff member supporting the council).

Last update: May 28, 2008

This database was compiled by Jennifer Dounay, project manager, ECS High School Policy Center. For questions, additions or corrections: 303.299.3689 or jdounay@ecs.org.



Year started
Arizona 2005
Arkansas 2003 (although some voluntary efforts in place before 2003)
California 2004
Colorado 2007 (prior Colorado Education Alignment Council created by executive order in 2005 and dissolved in October 2006 by former governor Bill Owens)
Connecticut 2008 (although some efforts started in 2006)
Delaware 2003
Georgia 2006 (although 1996 saw then-governor Zell Miller's creation of state's–and nation's–first P-16 council, the Georgia P-16 Council, which became the Education Coordinating Council in 2000-2002)
Hawaii 2002
Illinois 2008 (June 1, 2008 is effective date of 2007 legislation creating Illinois P-20 Council; voluntary efforts in place before 2008.)
Indiana 1998 (year council began meeting on voluntary basis; enabling statute was enacted in 1999)
Kansas 2008
Kentucky 1999
Louisiana Blue Ribbon Commission for Educational Excellence: 1999

High School Redesign Commission: 1994
Maine 2008. However, alignment efforts have been undertaken in the past, including a 2004 executive order establishing the Task Force to Create Seamless Pre-Kindergarten Through Sixteenth Grade Educational Systems. In 2005, the task force submitted its final report, which included specific recommendations for creating seamless P-16 education systems.
Maryland 2007 (replaces earlier voluntary K-16 Leadership Council)
Minnesota 2002
Mississippi 2001
Missouri 2006 (although some voluntary efforts in place before 2006)
Montana 2006 (although some efforts in place before 2006)
Nebraska 1998
Nevada 2007 (although voluntary efforts in place before 2007)
New Hampshire 2006
North Carolina Established on voluntary basis in 1992 and through statute in 1993.
Ohio 2005 (voluntary efforts in place before 2005)
Oklahoma 2005 (year council began meeting as ACE Task Force; legislation enacted in 2006)
Oregon 1998
Pennsylvania STEM: 2007
PASSHE Regional Councils: 2000
Rhode Island 2005 (although voluntary efforts in place before 2005. See January 2004 memo for additional background.)
South Carolina 2005
South Dakota 2007
Tennessee 2005 (although some efforts in place before 2005)
Texas 2003 (year enabling legislation enacted; prior voluntary effort, the Public Education/Higher Education Coordinating Group, started in 1998)
Utah 2006
Virginia 2005
Washington 2007 (although voluntary efforts in place before 2007)
West Virginia 2006
Wisconsin Establishment announced in 2000; first meeting held in March 2001.
Wyoming 2007 (although some efforts in place before 2007)

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