Charter Schools: Who provides charter schools with their funding?

Charter Schools: Who provides charter schools with their funding?

January 2020


This resource contains information about the 45 states, plus the District of Columbia, with charter school laws. It does not contain any information for the five states that have not enacted charter school laws.
 

Who provides charter schools with their funding?
Alabama Charter schools receive state and local revenue

Citations: Ala. Code § 16-6F-10
Alaska The school district

Citations: Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.03.260
Arizona The state.

Citations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-185(A)-(B)
Arkansas The state and the school district.

Citations: Ark. Code Ann § 6-23-501 et seq., Ark. Code Ann § 6-20-2305
California State and local funds.

The school district. However, a charter school may elect to receive its funds directly from the state through the Charter School Direct Funding Option.

Citations: Cal. Educ. Code § 47633; Cal. Educ. Code § 47651
Colorado The authorizer. For charter schools authorized by a local school board, the school district. For charter schools authorized by the state charter school institute, the state charter school institute.

Citations: Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-112; Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-513
Connecticut For local charter schools, the school district. For state charter schools, the town in which the charter school is located.

Citations: Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-66ee
Delaware The state and the school district.

Citations: Del. Code Ann. tit 14 § 509
District of Columbia The city government.

Citations: D.C. Code § 38-2906.02
Florida The school district

Citations: Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1002.33
Georgia Local charter schools (authorized by local school boards and approved by the state board): The local school board.

State-chartered special school (authorized by the state board): The state.

System charter schools (charter held by a local school board and authorized by the state board): Funds distributed to schools by the charter system as determined in the school's charter.

Citations: Ga. Code Ann., § 20-2-2068.1
Hawaii The authorizer

Citations: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302D-28
Idaho The state

Citations: Idaho Code Ann. § 33-5208
Illinois The school district

Citations: 105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. § 5/27A-11
Indiana The state

Citations: Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-7-2; Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-7-1
Iowa The school district

Citations: Iowa Code Ann. § 256F.4
Kansas Not specified

Citations: Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-4206 to § 72-4213
Kentucky Kentucky's charter school law does not have a permanent funding mechanism.
Louisiana For schools authorized by a local board, the school district. For schools authorized by the state or a local charter authorizer, the state.

Citations: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3995
Maine For charter schools authorized by the Maine Charter School Commission, the state. For other charter schools, students' resident school districts forward the students' per-pupil allocation. For students in charter schools not authorized by the commission, the school districts where the students reside may retain up to 1% of the per-pupil allocation to cover associated administrative costs.

Citations: Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. 20-A § 2413-A; Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. 20-A § 2413; Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. 20-A § 15683-B
Maryland The county board

Citations: Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 9-109
Massachusetts For Horace Mann charter schools, the school district. For commonwealth charter schools, the state.

Citations: Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 71 § 89
Michigan Not specified
Minnesota The state

Citations: Minn. Stat. Ann. § 124E.20; Minn. Stat. Ann. § 124E.25
Mississippi The state and the school district

Citations: Miss. Code Ann. § 37-28-55
Missouri For charter schools that are their own local education agency, the state. For all others, the school district.

Citations: Mo. Stat. Ann. § 160.415
Nevada The state and the school district

Citations: Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 388A.411; Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 387.122
New Hampshire For charter schools authorized by their local school district, the school district. For all others, the state.

Citations: N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 194-B:11
New Jersey The school district. For students not included in the district’s projected resident enrollment for the school year, the state.

Citations: N.J. Stat. Ann. § 18A:36A-12
New Mexico The school district

Citations: N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-8B-13
New York The school district

Citations: N.Y. Educ. Law § 2856
North Carolina The state and the school district

Citations: N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-218.105
Ohio The state

Citations: Ohio Rev.Code Ann. § 3314.08 (D & E)
Oklahoma For charter schools authorized by their local school district, the school district. For all others, the state.

Citations: Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 70, § 3-142
Oregon The school district

Citations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 338.155
Pennsylvania The school district

Citations: 24 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 17-1725-A
Rhode Island The state and the school district

Citations: R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16–77.2–5; R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16-77.3-5
South Carolina The authorizer

Citations: S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-140
Tennessee The authorizer. For charter schools authorized by the local school district, the school district. For charter schools authorized by the state, the state. For charter schools authorized by the commission, the commission.

Citations: Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-13-111; Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-13-142
Texas The state

Citations: 19 Tex. Admin. Code § 100.1041(a); Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.106
Utah The state.

Citations: Utah Code Ann. § 53F-2-702
Virginia The school district. For regional charter schools, the participating school districts.

Citations: Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-212.14
Washington The state

Citations: Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.710.280
West Virginia The school district

Citations: W. Va. Code, § 18-5G-5
Wisconsin The state.

Citations: Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.40(2r)
Wyoming The school district

Citations: Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 21-3-314


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