Charter Schools: Does the state specify grounds for terminating or not renewing a school’s charter?

Charter Schools: Does the state specify grounds for terminating or not renewing a school’s charter?

January 2020


This resource contains information about the 45 states, plus the District of Columbia, with charter school laws. It does not contain any information for the five states that have not enacted charter school laws.
 

Does the state specify grounds for terminating or not renewing a school’s charter?
Alabama Yes. The authorizer may deny renewal of a charter if the school:
  • Materially violates the terms of its charter.
  • Fails to meet or make sufficient progress toward education achievement goals.
  • Does not comply with established fiscal management procedures.

The authorizer must deny renewal of the charter if the school fails to meet the performance expectations set forth in the charter or fails to attain minimum state proficiency standards unless the school demonstrates, and the authorizer affirms through formal action of its board that other indicators of strength and exceptional circumstances justify continued operation. In addition, a charter may be revoked at any time for any of the above reasons or if the school fails to attain the minimum state proficiency standard for charter schools in each year of their operation and over the charter term.

Citations: Ala. Code § 16-6F-8
Alaska Yes. Termination may result from the failure of the charter school to meet education achievement goals or fiscal management standards, or for other good cause.

Citations: Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.03.255
Arizona Yes. A charter school authorizer may deny a charter school's request for renewal if, in its judgment, the charter school has failed to:
  • Meet or make sufficient progress toward the academic performance expectations set forth in the performance framework.
  • Meet the operational performance expectations set forth in the performance framework or any improvement plans.
  • Meet the financial performance expectations set forth in the performance framework or any improvement plans.
  • Complete the obligations of the contract.
  • Comply with any provision of law from which the charter school is not exempt.

Also, a charter school authorizer must review a charter at five-year intervals using a performance framework adopted by the authorizer and may revoke a charter at any time if the charter school breaches one or more provisions of its charter or if the sponsor determines that the charter holder has failed to:

  • Meet or make sufficient progress toward the academic performance expectations set forth in the performance framework.
  • Meet the operational performance expectations set forth in the performance framework or any improvement plans.
  • Meet the financial performance expectations set forth in the performance framework or any improvement plans.
  • Comply with any provision of law from which the charter school is not exempt.
In determining whether to renew or revoke a charter, the authorizer must consider, as one of the most important factors, whether the school is making sufficient progress toward the academic performance expectations set forth in the authorizer's performance framework.

Citations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-183
Arkansas Yes. The authorizer may place a charter school on probation or modify, revoke or deny renewal of its charter if the authorizer determines that the persons operating the charter school:
  • Committed a material violation of the charter, including failure to satisfy accountability provisions prescribed by the charter
  • Failed to satisfy generally accepted accounting standards of fiscal management
  • Failed to comply with applicable law or regulation
  • Failed to meet academic or fiscal performance criteria deemed appropriate and relevant by the authorizer.


Citations: Ark. Code Ann. § 6-23-105
California Yes. A charter may be revoked if the authorizer finds, through a showing of substantial evidence, that the charter school:
  • Committed a material violation of any of the conditions, standards or procedures set forth in the charter.
  • Failed to meet or pursue any of the pupil outcomes identified in the charter.
  • Failed to meet generally accepted accounting principles, or engaged in fiscal mismanagement
  • Violated any law.

The authorizer must consider increases in pupil academic achievement for all groups of pupils served by the charter school in determining whether to revoke a charter. In addition, using an evaluation rubric adopted by the state board for which one or more pupil subgroups. a charter school may receive technical assistance and intervention from its authorizer or the collaborative for educational excellence. If the intervention is unsuccessful, the charter may be revoked without appeal.

A chartering authority may not renew a charter if either of the following apply for two consecutive years immediately prior to the renewal decision:

  • the charter school has received the two lowest performance levels schoolwide on all the state indicators for which it received performance levels, and/or
  • for all measurements of academic performance, the charter school has received schoolwide performance levels that are the same or lower than the state average and, for a majority of pupil subgroups performing statewide below the state average in each respective year, the charter school has received performance levels lower than the state average. Circumstances leading to an exception of this requirement are specified.

In addition, the state board may, based upon the recommendation of the superintendent, take appropriate action, including, but not limited to, revocation of the school's charter, when it finds any of the following:

  • Gross financial mismanagement that jeopardizes the financial stability of the charter school.
  • Illegal or substantially improper use of charter school funds for the personal benefit of any officer, director, or fiduciary of the charter school.
  • Substantial and sustained departure from measurably successful practices such that continued departure would jeopardize the educational development of the school's pupils.
  • Failure to improve pupil outcomes across multiple state and school priorities identified in the charter.


Citations: Cal. Educ. Code § 47604.5; Cal. Educ. Code § 47607
Colorado Yes. A charter school's charter may be terminated or non renewed if the school:
  • Committed a material violation of any of the conditions, standards or procedures set forth in the charter contract.
  • Failed to implement a turnaround plan or failure to make sufficient progress related to that turnaround plan.
  • Failed to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Violated any provision of law from which the charter school was not specifically exempted.


Citations: Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-110; Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-511
Connecticut Yes. The state board of education may deny an application for the renewal of a charter if:
  • Student progress has not been sufficiently demonstrated, as determined by the commissioner
  • The governing council has not been sufficiently responsible for the operation of the school or has misused or spent public funds in a manner that is detrimental to the educational interests of the students attending the charter school
  • The school has not been in compliance with applicable laws and regulations
  • The efforts of the school have been insufficient to effectively attract, enroll and retain students from among the following populations:
  • Students with a history of low academic performance
  • Students who receive free or reduced priced lunches
  • Students with a history of behavioral and social difficulties
  • Students identified as requiring special education
  • Students who are English language learners.
  • The governing council of the charter school has not provided evidence that it has initiated substantive communication with the local or regional board of education of the town in which it is located to share student learning practices and experiences.

The state board of education may revoke a charter if a charter school has failed to:

  • Comply with the terms of probation, including the failure to file or implement a corrective action plan
  • Demonstrate satisfactory student progress, as determined by the commissioner
  • Comply with the terms of its charter or applicable laws and regulations
  • Manage its public funds in a prudent or legal manner.


Citations: Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-66bb
Delaware Yes. Charters are subject to revocation or probation only for the following reasons after due diligence:
  • Commitment of a material fraud on the approving authority.
  • Misappropriation of federal, state or local funds.
  • Failure to comply with its charter.
  • Failure to satisfy, in its operation of the school, its approval criteria.


Citations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 516; Del. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 515
District of Columbia Yes. The charter may be revoked if the chartering authority determines that the school:
  • Committed a material violation of applicable laws or of the conditions, terms, standards or procedures set forth in the charter, including violations relating to the education of children with disabilities.
  • Failed to meet the goals and student academic achievement expectations set forth in the charter.

An eligible chartering authority that has granted a charter to a public charter school must revoke the charter if it determines that the school has:

  • Engaged in a pattern of non-adherence to generally accepted accounting principles,
  • Engaged in a pattern of fiscal mismanagement, or
  • Is no longer economically viable.

A charter may be non-renewed if:

  • The school committed a material violation of applicable laws or a material violation of the conditions, terms, standards, or procedures set forth in its charter, including violations relating to the education of children with disabilities.
  • The school failed to meet the goals and student academic achievement expectations set forth in its charter.


Citations: D.C. Code Ann. § 38-1802.12; D.C. Code Ann. § 38-1802.13
Florida Yes. The sponsor is required to make academic achievement for all students the most important factor when determining whether to renew or terminate the charter. The sponsor may also choose not to renew or may terminate the charter for any of the following grounds:
  • Failure to participate in the state's education accountability system.
  • Failure to meet the requirements for student performance stated in the charter.
  • Failure to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Material violation of law.
  • Other good cause shown.

A charter may be terminated immediately if the sponsor sets forth in writing the facts and circumstances indicating that an immediate and serious danger to the health, safety or welfare of the charter school's students exists.

The authorizer is required to automatically terminate a charter if the charter school earns 2 consecutive grades of “F” after all school grade appeals unless:

  • The charter school is established to turn around the performance of a district public school.
  • The charter school serves a student population the majority of which resides in a school zone served by a district public school and the charter school earns at least a grade of “D” in its third year of operation. The exception does not apply to a charter school in its fourth year of operation and thereafter.
  • The state board grants the charter school a waiver of termination. The charter school must request the waiver within 15 days after the department's official release of school grades. The state board may waive termination if the charter school demonstrates that the learning gains of its students on statewide assessments are comparable to or better than the learning gains of similarly situated students enrolled in nearby district public schools. The waiver is valid for one year and may only be granted once. Charter schools that have been in operation for more than five years are not eligible for a waiver.

Also, if a charter school earns 3 consecutive grades below a "C," the school governing board is required to choose from the following corrective actions:

  • Contract for educational services to be provided directly to students, instructional personnel, and school administrators, as prescribed in state board rule.
  • Contract with an outside entity that has a demonstrated record of effectiveness to operate the school.
  • Reorganize the school under a new director or principal who is authorized to hire new staff.
  • Voluntarily close the charter school.

The contractual term of any charter is required to provide for cancellation of the charter if insufficient progress has been made in attaining the student achievement objectives of the charter and if it is not likely that such objectives can be achieved before expiration of the charter.

The sponsor of a charter school that knowingly fails to comply with required background checks is required to terminate the charter.

Citations: Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1002.33
Georgia Yes. The state board may terminate a charter under one or more of the following circumstances:
  • If a majority of the parents or guardians of students enrolled at the charter school vote by a majority vote to request the termination of its charter at a public meeting called with two weeks' advance notice and for the purpose of deciding whether to request the state board to declare the charter null and void.
  • If a majority of the faculty and instructional staff employed at the charter school vote by a majority vote to request the termination of its charter at a public meeting called with two weeks' advance notice and for the purpose of deciding whether to request the state board to declare the charter null and void.

The state board may also terminate a charter if, after providing reasonable notice to the charter school or charter system and an opportunity for a hearing, the state board finds through its own audit or through other means:

  • A failure to comply with any recommendation or direction of the state board with respect to intervention for failing schools.
  • A failure to adhere to any material term of the charter, including but not limited to the performance goals set forth in the charter.
  • For a charter system, a failure to promote school level governance as required by the charter.
  • A failure to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • A violation of applicable federal, state or local laws or court orders.
  • The existence of competent substantial evidence that the continued operation of the charter school or charter system would be contrary to the best interests of the students or the community.
  • A failure to comply with any provision of code related to waivers.
  • Upon the written request of a local board for termination of a charter for a local charter school located within its school system if, prior to making such request, the local board provided reasonable notice to the charter school and an opportunity for a hearing, and determined the existence of any of the grounds described above.

For a system charter school, the school council or governing council may request that the system charter be terminated or amended.

On and after July 1, 2017, the terms of any charter entered into or renewed between a local board and a local charter school is required to include a provision for termination if the local board fails to meet the principles and standards of charter school authorizing on its annual evaluation for two consecutive years.

Citations: Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-2068; Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-2063.3
Hawaii Yes. A charter contract may be revoked or not renewed if the authorizer determines the school:
  • Committed substantial violations of law from which the school is not exempted or of the charter provisions.
  • Failed to meet or make sufficient progress toward performance expectations set forth in the charter.
  • Failed to meet general standards of fiscal management.

A charter contract may be revoked at any time if the authorizer determines the school:

  • Committed substantial violations of law from which the school is not exempted or of the charter provisions.
  • Failed to meet or make sufficient progress toward performance expectations set forth in the charter.
  • Failed to meet general standards of fiscal management.


Citations: Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 302D-18
Idaho Yes. Each authorizer must develop revocation and nonrenewal processes. Authorizers may not renew any charter if the charter school failed to meet 1 or more of the terms of its performance certificate.

An authorized chartering entity may nonrenew or grant renewal a charter for an additional 5 years, based upon the performance of the public charter school on the performance indicators, measures and metrics contained in the performance certificate.

However, an authorized chartering entity is required to renew any charter in which the school met all of the terms of its performance certificate at the time of renewal.

Citations: Idaho Code Ann. § 33-5209B; Idaho Code Ann. § 33-5209C
Illinois Yes. A charter may be revoked or not renewed if the charter school:
  • Committed a material violation of any of the conditions, standards or procedures set forth in the charter.
  • Failed to meet or make reasonable progress toward achievement of the content standards or pupil performance standards identified in the charter.
  • Failed to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Violated any provision of law from which the charter school was not exempted.


The commission may reverse a local board's decision. After July 1, 2020, this power will be transferred to the state board of education.

Citations: 105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. § 5/27A-9
Indiana Yes. An authorizer may revoke the charter at any time before the expiration of the term of the charter if, after the authorizer has notified the school and given reasonable time to correct the issue, the authorizer determines that at least one of the following has occurred:
  • Failure to comply with the conditions or procedures established in the charter.
  • Failure to meet the educational goals set forth in the charter.
  • Failure to comply with all applicable laws.
  • Failure to meet generally accepted fiscal management and government accounting principles.
  • One or more grounds for revocation exist as specified in the charter.


Additionally, a charter school that remains in the lowest category or designation of school improvement, including any alternative accountability category or designation, for 3 years must be closed. However, the authorizer may petition the state board at any time to request permission to renew the charter school's charter notwithstanding the fact that the charter school does not meet the minimum standard.

Citations: Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-9-4; Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-2.2-2
Iowa Yes. A charter may be revoked by the state board, the school board that established the charter school, or the innovation zone consortium that established the innovation zone school for:
  • Failure to abide by and meet the provisions set forth in contract (including educational goals).
  • Failure to comply with all applicable law.
  • Failure to meet generally accepted public sector accounting principles.
  • The existence of one or more other grounds for revocation as specified in the contract.
  • Failure of conversion charter schools to improve student achievement (measured through assessments) from the school's student achievement measures prior to becoming a charter school.


Citations: Iowa Code Ann. § 256F.8
Kansas Yes. Renewal of the operational status of the charter school may be approved only if the charter school has demonstrated progress in achieving the program goals it established. The district board of education must first determine whether the charter school is demonstrating such progress. If approved by the board, the state board is required to review such progress and approve or nonrenew the charter or discontinue operation of the school.

The local board of education must revoke the charter if the charter school:

  • Materially violates provisions contained in the charter
  • Fails to make progress in achieving the program goals contained in the charter
  • Fails to comply with fiscal accountability procedures as specified in the charter
  • Violates rules and regulations of the state board of education that have not been waived by the state board of education.


Prior to nonrenewing or revoking a charter, a board of education is required to hold a hearing on the issues in controversy.

Citations: Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-4209
Kentucky Yes. A charter contract may not be renewed if the authorizer determines that the school has:
  • Committed a material violation of any of the terms, conditions, standards, or procedures required under state law or the charter contract, and has persistently failed to correct the violation after fair and specific notice from the authorizer.
  • Failed to meet or make significant progress toward the performance expectations identified in the charter contract.
  • Failed to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management, and has failed to correct the violation after fair and specific notice from the authorizer.
  • Substantially violated any material provision of law from which the public charter school was not exempted and has failed to correct the violation after fair and specific notice from the authorizer.


An authorizer may take immediate action to revoke a charter if a violation threatens the health and safety of the students of the school.

Citations: Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 160.1598
Louisiana Yes. No charter is allowed to be renewed unless the charter renewal applicant can demonstrate, using standardized test scores, improvement in the academic performance of pupils over the term of the charter school's existence.

A charter may be revoked for the following reasons:

  • Failure to improve the academic performance of students on standardized tests over the term of the charter school's existence.
  • A material violation of any of the conditions, standards or procedures provided for in the approved charter.
  • Failure to meet or pursue within the agreed timelines any of the academic and other educational results specified in the approved charter.
  • Failure to meet generally accepted accounting standards of fiscal management.
  • Violation of any provision of law applicable to a charter school, its officers or employees.


A charter school that fails to begin operation by not later than 24 months after the final approval of the charter, and there are not special circumstances such as being engaged in desegregation compliance issues, will have its charter revoked unless revised timelines are proposed and accepted.

Citations: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3992; La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3998; La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3983
Maine Yes. Charters may be revoked or not renewed if the authorizer finds the charter school does any of the following:
  • Commits a material violation of any of the terms, conditions, standards or procedures required under the state charter law or the charter contract.
  • Fails to meet or make sufficient progress toward the performance expectations set forth in the charter contract.
  • Fails to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Violates any provision of law from which the school was not exempted.


Citations: Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. 20-A § 2411
Maryland No. However, each county board must develop a charter school policy that includes guidelines and procedures on revocation of a charter.

Citations: Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 9-110
Massachusetts Yes. The state board is required by law to develop procedures and guidelines for revocation and renewal of a school's charter. However, the state charter school law also adds that a charter for a Horace Mann charter school shall not be renewed by the board without a majority vote of the school committee and local collective bargaining unit in the district where the charter school is located. Also, a commonwealth charter shall not be renewed unless the board of trustees of the charter school has documented in a manner approved by the board that the charter school has provided models for replication and best practices to the commissioner and to other public schools in the district where the charter school is located.

When deciding on charter renewal, the board is required to consider progress made in student academic achievement, whether the school has met its obligations and commitments under the charter, the extent to which the school has followed its recruitment and retention plan by using deliberate, specific strategies towards recruiting and retaining the categories of students described in state law and the extent to which the school has enhanced its plan as necessary.

A charter may be revoked if the charter school has not fulfilled any conditions imposed by the board in connection with the grant of the charter or the school has violated any provision of its charter.

Citations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 71 § 89
Michigan Yes. Procedures and grounds for revoking a contract must be outlined in the school's charter. These grounds also include:
  • Failure of the public school academy to demonstrate improved pupil academic achievement for all groups of pupils or meet the educational goals set forth in the contract
  • Failure of the public school academy to comply with all applicable law
  • Failure of the public school academy to meet generally accepted public sector accounting principles and demonstrate sound fiscal stewardship
  • The existence of 1 or more other grounds for revocation as specified in the contract.

Standards for renewal are required to include increases in academic achievement for all groups of pupils as measured by assessments and other objective criteria as the most important factor in the decision of whether or not to renew the contract.

In addition, except for alternative schools that are serving a special population, a charter school's contract will be revoked at the end of a school year if the charter school has been among the lowest achieving public schools in the statefor the last 3 consecutive years, and the school has been operating for at least 4 years. Closure would occur at the end of the current school year. Unless prohibited by statute, an authorizing body may consider and take corrective measures to avoid contract revocation. An authorizing body may reconstitute the public school academy in a final attempt to improve student educational performance or to avoid interruptions of the educational process.

Citations: Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.507; Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.503
Minnesota Yes. An authorizer may terminate or not renew a charter school contract because of:
  • Failure to demonstrate satisfactory academic achievement for all students, including the requirements for pupil performance contained in the contract.
  • Failure to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Violations of law.
  • Other good cause shown.

The commissioner of education may terminate a school's contract if the charter school has a history of:

  • Failure to meet student performance requirements.
  • Financial mismanagement.
  • Repeated or major law violations.


Citations: Minn. Stat. Ann, § 124E.10
Mississippi Yes. State law specifies that a charter contract must be revoked if the charter school:
  • Violates the terms of state charter school law or the charter contract.
  • Fails to make sufficient progress toward the performance expectations of the contract.
  • Fails to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Substantially violates any provision of law applicable to the school.


In addition, the authorizer may not renew the charter of any charter school that receives "F" designation during the school's final operating year under the contract terms.

Citations: Miss. Code Ann. § 37-28-33
Missouri Yes. Authorizers must intervene in charter schools if the following occurs:
  • The a charter school fails to maintain graduation rates of at least 70% (except in specific circumstances).
  • The charter school's annual performance results are below annual performance report results of the school district in which the charter school is located in 3 of the last 4 school years.
  • The school is identified as a persistently lowest achieving school by the department of education.

A sponsor must revoke a charter or take other remedial action (including probationary status) if the charter school commits a serious breach of one or more provisions of its charter or on any of the following grounds:

  • Failure to meet the performance contract as set forth in its charter.
  • Failure to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Failure to provide information necessary to confirm compliance with all provisions of the charter and with the state charter school law.
  • Other violation of law.


Citations: Mo. Ann. Stat. § 160.405
Nevada Yes. The sponsor of a charter school must revoke or terminate the charter contract or restart the charter school under a new contract if the charter school received 3 annual performance ratings in the lowest category in any period of 5 consecutive years.

An authorizer may revoke or terminate a contract before its expiration or reconstitute a charter school's governing board if the authorize determines the following:

  • The charter school, its officers or its employees have failed to comply with the terms and conditions of the charter, generally accepted standards of accounting and fiscal management, the provisions of the state's charter school law, or any other statute or regulation applicable to charter schools.
  • The charter school has filed for a voluntary petition of bankruptcy, is adjudicated bankrupt or insolvent, or is otherwise financially impaired such that the charter school cannot continue to operate.
  • There is reasonable cause to believe that revoking or terminating a contract or reconstituting a board is necessary to protect the health and safety of the pupils who are enrolled in the charter school or persons who are employed by the charter school from jeopardy or to prevent damage to or loss of the property of the school, district or the community in which the charter school is located.
  • The committee to form the charter school, the charter management organization, or the governing body of the charter school has at any time made a material misrepresentation or omission concerning any information disclosed to the authorizer.
  • The charter school is a high school that has a graduation rate for the immediately preceding school year that is less than 60%.
  • The charter school is an elementary or middle school or junior high school that is rated in the lowest 5% of elementary schools, middle schools or junior high schools in the state in pupil achievement and school performance.
  • Student achievement and school performance at the charter school is unsatisfactory.


In such cases, the authorizer must hold a public hearing on the action. Governing boards may not be reconstituted if they have been previously reconstituted.

Citations: Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 388A.300; Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 338A.330
New Hampshire Yes. By the end of its contract year the charter school must meet or exceed the objective academic test results or standards and goals. If it fails to meet its standards and goals, it is not eligible for renewal. A charter may be revoked if the school:
  • Commits a material violation of any of the conditions, standards, or procedures set forth in its charter application and contract.
  • Fails to meet generally accepted standards for fiscal management.
  • Significantly violates the law.
  • Makes a material misrepresentation in its application or contract application.
  • Becomes insolvent or financially unstable.

Any parent of a student attending the charter school or the school district in which the charter school is located may submit a request to the state board of education to have a charter school's charter revoked. Prior to revoking the charter, the state board may place the school on probationary status. The state board must provide reasonable notice prior to revoking a charter.

The state board may immediately revoke a school's charter in circumstances posing extraordinary risk of harm to students.

Citations: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 194-B:16
New Jersey Yes. A charter may be revoked for failure to fulfill any condition imposed by the state commissioner of education in connection with the granting of the charter or violation of any provision of its charter. The commissioner may place charter schools on probation and must develop procedures and guidelines for renewing and revoking a school's charter.

Citations: N.J. Stat. Ann. § 18A:36A-17
New Mexico Yes. A charter renewal application may be denied or a charter may be revoked, if the local school board determines that the charter school:
  • Committed a material violation or breach of any of the conditions, standards or procedures set forth in the charter.
  • Failed to meet or make substantial progress toward achievement of the department's minimum educational standards or student performance standards identified in the charter application or required by law.
  • Failed to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Violated any provision of law from which the charter school was not specifically exempted.


Charter School Districts: The department of education may deny renewal, revoke the charter, or place the district on probationary status if the department finds the district is not in compliance with its charter or applicable state or federal rules, or if the district is not in the best interests of the students.

Citations: N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-8B-12, N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-8E-7
New York Yes. A charter may be terminated or non-renewed for the following reasons:
  • When a charter school's outcome on student assessment measures adopted by the board of regents falls below the level that would allow the commissioner to revoke the registration of another public school, and student achievement on such measures has not shown improvement over the preceding 3 school years.
  • Serious violations of law.
  • Material and substantial violation of the charter, including fiscal mismanagement.
  • When the public employment relations board makes a determination that the charter school demonstrates a practice and pattern of egregious and intentional violations of civil service law.
  • Repeated failure to comply with requests to meet or exceed enrollment and retention targets for students with disabilities, ELLs, Free- or Reduce-Lunch-eligible students.


Citations: N.Y. Educ. Law § 2855
North Carolina Yes. The state board may terminate, not renew or seek applicants to assume the charter through a competitive bid process on any of the following grounds:
  • Failure to meet the requirements for student performance contained in the charter.
  • Failure to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Violations of law.
  • Material violation of any of the conditions, standards or procedures set forth in the charter.
  • Two-thirds of the faculty and instructional support personnel at the school request that the charter be terminated or not renewed.
  • Other good cause identified.
  • If the charter school is identified as continually low performing.


The state board may not close a charter school solely for being low performing if the school has met growth in each of the 3 immediately preceding school years or if the school has implemented a strategic improvement plan approved by the state board and is making measurable progress.

Citations: N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-218.95
Ohio Yes. An authorizer may choose not to renew a contract or terminate the contract prior to its expiration for the following reasons:
  • Failure to meet student performance requirements stated in the contract.
  • Failure to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Violation of any provision of the contract or applicable state or federal law.
  • Another good cause.

Low-performing charter schools that meet certain criteria - such as receiving an 'F' grade under the state's accountability system and not meeting the state's annual measurable objectives - must be permanently closed at the conclusion of the school year.

Authorizers may also terminate a charter school's contract if it has been suspended for not complying with health and safety standards. Finally, authorizers may suspend a charter school's contract in lieu of termination.

In lieu of terminating or suspending a contract, the sponsor may place the charter school on probationary status for the remainder of the school year. The sponsor will monitor the actions taken by the school's governing authority to remedy the situation and may take steps to suspend or terminate the contract if the governing authority is not willing or able to remedy the conditions.

Citations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.03, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.07, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.072, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.073, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.35
Oklahoma Yes. A charter school authorizer may deny a request for renewal if it determines the charter school has failed to complete the obligations of the contract or comply with the provisions of the state's charter schools law. A charter school authorizer may terminate a contract during the term of the contract for failing to meet student performance requirements in the contract, failing to meet the standards of fiscal management, violations of the law, or other good cause. When making decisions about charter nonrenewal or termination, authorizers must consider the percentage of at-risk students enrolled in the school.

An authorizer may close a charter school with performance levels in the bottom 5% of all public schools. If a sponsor decides not to close a school in the bottom 5%, the sponsor must appear before the state board of education and give support for that decision and the state board will uphold or overturn the decision. A charter school closed for being in the bottom 5% may not be granted a charter by another sponsor. When making decisions about closing a school in the bottom 5%, the state board must consider all of the following:

  • Enrollment of students with special challenges, like substance addiction or prior incarceration.
  • High student mobility related to the specific purpose of the charter school.
  • Improvement in student performance from preceding school year.
  • If the majority of students attending the charter school would likely revert to public schools with lower academic achievement levels.


Citations: Okla. Stat. tit. 70, § 3-137
Oregon Yes. During the term of a charter, the sponsor may terminate the charter on any of the following grounds:
  • Failure to meet the terms of an approved charter or charter law.
  • Failure to meet the requirements for student performance stated in the charter.
  • Failure to correct a violation of a federal or state law.
  • Failure to maintain insurance as described in the charter.
  • Failure to maintain financial stability.
  • Failure to maintain, for one or more consecutive years, a sound financial management system.


A charter may be terminated immediately if the school is endangering the health and safety of students.

Citations: Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 338.105
Pennsylvania Yes. During the term of the charter or at the end of the term of the charter, the local school board may choose to revoke or not to renew the charter based on any of the following:
  • One or more material violations of any of the conditions, standards or procedures contained in the written charter.
  • Failure to meet the requirements for student performance set forth in law or failure to meet any performance standard set forth in the written charter.
  • Failure to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management or audit requirements.
  • Violation of provisions of state charter law.
  • Violation of any provision of law from which the charter school has not been exempted, including federal laws and regulations governing children with disabilities.
  • The charter school has been convicted of fraud.

When a charter school located in a school district of the first class is in corrective action status and seeks renewal of its charter, if the local school board renews the charter, it may place specific conditions in the charter that require the charter school to meet specific student performance targets within stated periods of time subject to the following:

  • The performance targets and the periods of time in which the performance targets must be met shall be reasonable.
  • The placement of conditions in a charter cannot be considered an adjudication and may not be appealed to the state charter school appeal board.
  • If the charter school fails to meet the performance targets within the stated period of time, the failure is sufficient cause for revocation of the charter.


Citations: 24 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 17-1729-A
Rhode Island Yes. A charter may be revoked at any time if the school:
  • Materially violates provisions contained in the charter.
  • Fails to meet or pursue the educational objectives contained in the charter.
  • Fails to comply with fiscal accountability procedures as specified in the charter.
  • Violates provisions of law that have not been granted variance by the state board of education.
  • After 3 consecutive years of operation, is not a “high-performing charter school,” defined as a charter public school that has demonstrated overall success, including: substantial progress in improving student achievement and the management and leadership necessary to establish a thriving, financially viable charter public school.


Citations: R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16-77-5.1 R.I. Gen. Laws Ann.§ 16-77.2-4 R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16-77.3-4 R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16-77.4-4
South Carolina Yes. A charter must be revoked or not renewed if the authorizer determines that the charter school:
  • Committed a material violation of the conditions, standards or procedures provided for in the charter application.
  • Failed to meet or make reasonable progress toward pupil achievement standards identified in the charter application.
  • Failed to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Violated any provision of law from which the charter school was not specifically exempted.

An authorizer may also revoke any charter if the sponsor determines the school poses an imminent threat of harm to the health or safety of students based on clear and convincing data.

A charter school will be automatically and permanently closed at the conclusion of the school year if the school receives the lowest performance level rating as defined by the federal accountability system for three consecutive years beginning with the 2013-2014 school year. However, automatic closure shall not apply to any charter school serving 50% or more students with disabilities or any charter school designated as an alternative education campus.

Citations: S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-110 S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-111
Tennessee Yes. A public charter school agreement may be revoked or denied renewal if the authorizer determines the school fails to meet the minimum performance requirements in the charter agreement. In addition, the authorizer may revoked at any time or not renewed if the authorizer determines that the school did any of the following:
  • Commits a material violation of the conditions, standards or procedures specified in the charter.
  • Fails to meet generally accepted standards for fiscal management.
  • Does not make sufficient progress toward the performance expectations in the charter agreement.

In addition, charter schools identified as priority schools may be closed at the end of the school year, and no appeal is allowed. If an authorizer decides not to close the charter school, then an improvement plan must be developed and implemented. If the school is identified as a priority school for a second consecutive year, it must be closed. This provision does not apply to charter schools in the achievement district or conversion charter schools unless they are identified as priority schools for 2 consecutive years.

In the case of fraud, misappropriation of funds, flagrant disregard of the charter agreement or similar misconduct, a charter school may be closed before the end of a school year.

Citations: Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-13-122
Texas Yes. Open-enrollment charter schools: The state commissioner of education must revoke a charter or reconstitute the governing body if the commissioner finds that the charter holder:
  • Committed a material violation of the charter, including accountability provisions and a failure to comply with criminal history check requirements.
  • Failed to satisfy generally accepted accounting standards.
  • Failed to protect the health, safety or welfare of the students.
  • Failed to comply with applicable state laws.
  • Failed to satisfy the reporting and performance standards policies established by the commissioner.
  • Is insolvent.

The commissioner must also revoke the charter of an open-enrollment charter school if the school has received an unacceptable performance rating for the 3 preceding school years, has received a financial accountability rating lower than satisfactory for the preceding 3 school years, or some combination of both for the preceding 3 school years.

Home-rule district charter schools: The state board of education may revoke a charter if the commissioner finds that the charter holder:

  • Committed a material violation of the charter, including accountability provisions and a failure to comply with criminal history check requirements.
  • Failed to satisfy generally accepted accounting standards.
  • Failed to comply with applicable state laws.

Home-rule district charters may be rescinded if the rescission is approved by a majority of qualified voters in an election with at least 25% of registered voters participating. An election may be called if the governing body of the home-rule charter receives a petition signed by at least five percent of registered voters in the district, or at least two-thirds of the membership of the governing body adopt a resolution ordering a rescission election.

Campus charter schools: The local school board may revoke a charter if the commissioner finds that the charter holder:

  • Committed a material violation of the charter, including accountability provisions and a failure to comply with criminal history check requirements.
  • Failed to satisfy generally accepted accounting standards.
  • Failed to comply with applicable state laws.

In addition, a campus charter school may only operate if it performs satisfactorily under the state's accountability program as outlined in its charter.

For open-enrollment, campus, and home-rule district charter schools, decisions about closure must be based on the best interest of the students, the severity of the violations, any previous violations, and the school's accreditation status.

Citations: Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.115; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.063; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.054; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.059; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.027; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.028; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.030; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.0631;Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.0271;Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.1151
Utah Yes. A charter school authorizer may terminate a charter for any of the following reasons:
  • Failure of the charter school to meet the requirements stated in the charter.
  • Failure to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Failure to make adequate yearly progress under the No Child Left Behind Act.
  • Designation as a low performing school and failure to improve the school's grade.
  • Violation of requirements under this part or another law.
  • Other good cause shown.


Citations: U.C.A. 1953 § 53G-5-503
Virginia Yes. Local school boards may revoke a charter if the public charter school:
  • Violates the conditions, standards or procedures established in the charter school application.
  • Fails to meet or make reasonable progress toward achievement of the content standards or student performance standards identified in the charter application.
  • Fails to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Violates any provision of law from which the charter school was not specifically exempted.


Citations: Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-212.12
Washington Yes. A charter contract may be revoked at any time or not renewed if the authorizer determines that the charter school did any of the following or otherwise failed to comply with the provisions of charter law:
  • Committed a material and substantial violation of any of the terms, conditions, standards or procedures required under law or the charter contract.
  • Failed to meet or make sufficient progress toward the performance expectations set forth in the charter contract.
  • Failed to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Substantially violated any material provision of law from which the charter school is not exempt.


A charter contract may not be renewed if, at the time of the renewal application, the charter school's performance falls in the bottom quartile of schools on the state's achievement index, unless the charter school demonstrates exceptional circumstances that the authorizer finds justifiable.

Citations: Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.710.200
West Virginia Yes. A charter may be revoked or not renewed by the authorizer if the authorizer determines that the charter school:
  • Failed to comply with the provisions of this article:
  • Committed a material violation of any of the terms, conditions, standards or procedures required under this chapter or the charter contract;
  • Failed to meet the performance expectations set forth in the charter contract;
  • Failed to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management; or
  • Violated any provision of law from which the school was not exempted.


Citations: W. Va. Code, § 18-5G-10
Wisconsin Yes. Authorizers may revoke a charter if:
  • The charter school violated its contract.
  • The pupils enrolled in the charter school failed to make sufficient progress toward attaining the state education goals.
  • The charter school failed to comply with generally accepted accounting standards of fiscal management.
  • The charter school violated the state's charter school law.


Citations: Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.40
Wyoming Yes. A charter may be revoked or not renewed by the authorizer if the authorizer determines that the charter school did any of the following:
  • Committed a material violation of any of the conditions, standards or procedures set forth in the charter petition.
  • Failed to meet or make reasonable progress toward achievement of the content standards or pupil performance standards identified in the charter petition.
  • Failed to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management.
  • Violated any provision of law from which the charter school was not specifically exempt.


Charter must not be renewed if the authorizer determines it is not in the best interest of students in the school district to continue the operation of the charter school.

Citations: Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 21-3-309


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