|Does the state specify grounds for terminating or not renewing a school’s charter?|
|Alabama||Yes. The authorizer may deny renewal of a charter if the school:
The authorizer must deny renewal of the charter if the school fails to meet the performance expectations set forth in the charter or fails to attain minimum state proficiency standards unless the school demonstrates, and the authorizer affirms through formal action of its board that other indicators of strength and exceptional circumstances justify continued operation. In addition, a charter may be revoked at any time for any of the above reasons or if the school fails to attain the minimum state proficiency standard for charter schools in each year of their operation and over the charter term.
Citations: Ala. Code § 16-6F-8
|Alaska||Yes. Termination may result from the failure of the charter school to meet education achievement goals or fiscal management standards, or for other good cause.|
Citations: Alaska Stat. Ann. § 14.03.255
|Arizona||Yes. A charter school authorizer may deny a charter school's request for renewal if, in its judgment, the charter school has failed to: |
Also, a charter school authorizer must review a charter at five-year intervals using a performance framework adopted by the authorizer and may revoke a charter at any time if the charter school breaches one or more provisions of its charter or if the sponsor determines that the charter holder has failed to:
Citations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-183
|Arkansas||Yes. The authorizer may place a charter school on probation or modify, revoke or deny renewal of its charter if the authorizer determines that the persons operating the charter school: |
Citations: Ark. Code Ann. § 6-23-105
|California||Yes. A charter may be revoked if the authorizer finds, through a showing of substantial evidence, that the charter school: |
The authorizer must consider increases in pupil academic achievement for all groups of pupils served by the charter school in determining whether to revoke a charter. In addition, using an evaluation rubric adopted by the state board for which one or more pupil subgroups. a charter school may receive technical assistance and intervention from its authorizer or the collaborative for educational excellence. If the intervention is unsuccessful, the charter may be revoked without appeal.
A chartering authority may not renew a charter if either of the following apply for two consecutive years immediately prior to the renewal decision:
In addition, the state board may, based upon the recommendation of the superintendent, take appropriate action, including, but not limited to, revocation of the school's charter, when it finds any of the following:
Citations: Cal. Educ. Code § 47604.5; Cal. Educ. Code § 47607
|Colorado||Yes. A charter school's charter may be terminated or non renewed if the school:|
Citations: Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-110; Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-511
|Connecticut||Yes. The state board of education may deny an application for the renewal of a charter if: |
The state board of education may revoke a charter if a charter school has failed to:
Citations: Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-66bb
|Delaware||Yes. Charters are subject to revocation or probation only for the following reasons after due diligence: |
Citations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 516; Del. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 515
|District of Columbia||Yes. The charter may be revoked if the chartering authority determines that the school: |
An eligible chartering authority that has granted a charter to a public charter school must revoke the charter if it determines that the school has:
A charter may be non-renewed if:
Citations: D.C. Code Ann. § 38-1802.12; D.C. Code Ann. § 38-1802.13
|Florida||Yes. The sponsor is required to make academic achievement for all students the most important factor when determining whether to renew or terminate the charter. The sponsor may also choose not to renew or may terminate the charter for any of the following grounds: |
A charter may be terminated immediately if the sponsor sets forth in writing the facts and circumstances indicating that an immediate and serious danger to the health, safety or welfare of the charter school's students exists.
The authorizer is required to automatically terminate a charter if the charter school earns 2 consecutive grades of “F” after all school grade appeals unless:
Also, if a charter school earns 3 consecutive grades below a "C," the school governing board is required to choose from the following corrective actions:
The contractual term of any charter is required to provide for cancellation of the charter if insufficient progress has been made in attaining the student achievement objectives of the charter and if it is not likely that such objectives can be achieved before expiration of the charter.The sponsor of a charter school that knowingly fails to comply with required background checks is required to terminate the charter.
Citations: Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1002.33
|Georgia||Yes. The state board may terminate a charter under one or more of the following circumstances: |
The state board may also terminate a charter if, after providing reasonable notice to the charter school or charter system and an opportunity for a hearing, the state board finds through its own audit or through other means:
For a system charter school, the school council or governing council may request that the system charter be terminated or amended.On and after July 1, 2017, the terms of any charter entered into or renewed between a local board and a local charter school is required to include a provision for termination if the local board fails to meet the principles and standards of charter school authorizing on its annual evaluation for two consecutive years.
Citations: Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-2068; Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-2063.3
|Hawaii||Yes. A charter contract may be revoked or not renewed if the authorizer determines the school: |
A charter contract may be revoked at any time if the authorizer determines the school:
Citations: Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 302D-18
|Idaho||Yes. Each authorizer must develop revocation and nonrenewal processes. Authorizers may not renew any charter if the charter school failed to meet 1 or more of the terms of its performance certificate.|
An authorized chartering entity may nonrenew or grant renewal a charter for an additional 5 years, based upon the performance of the public charter school on the performance indicators, measures and metrics contained in the performance certificate.However, an authorized chartering entity is required to renew any charter in which the school met all of the terms of its performance certificate at the time of renewal.
Citations: Idaho Code Ann. § 33-5209B; Idaho Code Ann. § 33-5209C
|Illinois||Yes. A charter may be revoked or not renewed if the charter school: |
The commission may reverse a local board's decision. After July 1, 2020, this power will be transferred to the state board of education.
Citations: 105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. § 5/27A-9
|Indiana||Yes. An authorizer may revoke the charter at any time before the expiration of the term of the charter if, after the authorizer has notified the school and given reasonable time to correct the issue, the authorizer determines that at least one of the following has occurred: |
Additionally, a charter school that remains in the lowest category or designation of school improvement, including any alternative accountability category or designation, for 3 years must be closed. However, the authorizer may petition the state board at any time to request permission to renew the charter school's charter notwithstanding the fact that the charter school does not meet the minimum standard.
Citations: Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-9-4; Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-2.2-2
|Iowa||Yes. A charter may be revoked by the state board, the school board that established the charter school, or the innovation zone consortium that established the innovation zone school for: |
Citations: Iowa Code Ann. § 256F.8
|Kansas||Yes. Renewal of the operational status of the charter school may be approved only if the charter school has demonstrated progress in achieving the program goals it established. The district board of education must first determine whether the charter school is demonstrating such progress. If approved by the board, the state board is required to review such progress and approve or nonrenew the charter or discontinue operation of the school.|
The local board of education must revoke the charter if the charter school:
Prior to nonrenewing or revoking a charter, a board of education is required to hold a hearing on the issues in controversy.
Citations: Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-4209
|Kentucky||Yes. A charter contract may not be renewed if the authorizer determines that the school has: |
An authorizer may take immediate action to revoke a charter if a violation threatens the health and safety of the students of the school.
Citations: Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 160.1598
|Louisiana||Yes. No charter is allowed to be renewed unless the charter renewal applicant can demonstrate, using standardized test scores, improvement in the academic performance of pupils over the term of the charter school's existence.|
A charter may be revoked for the following reasons:
A charter school that fails to begin operation by not later than 24 months after the final approval of the charter, and there are not special circumstances such as being engaged in desegregation compliance issues, will have its charter revoked unless revised timelines are proposed and accepted.
Citations: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3992; La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3998; La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3983
|Maine||Yes. Charters may be revoked or not renewed if the authorizer finds the charter school does any of the following: |
Citations: Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. 20-A § 2411
|Maryland||No. However, each county board must develop a charter school policy that includes guidelines and procedures on revocation of a charter.|
Citations: Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 9-110
|Massachusetts||Yes. The state board is required by law to develop procedures and guidelines for revocation and renewal of a school's charter. However, the state charter school law also adds that a charter for a Horace Mann charter school shall not be renewed by the board without a majority vote of the school committee and local collective bargaining unit in the district where the charter school is located. Also, a commonwealth charter shall not be renewed unless the board of trustees of the charter school has documented in a manner approved by the board that the charter school has provided models for replication and best practices to the commissioner and to other public schools in the district where the charter school is located. |
When deciding on charter renewal, the board is required to consider progress made in student academic achievement, whether the school has met its obligations and commitments under the charter, the extent to which the school has followed its recruitment and retention plan by using deliberate, specific strategies towards recruiting and retaining the categories of students described in state law and the extent to which the school has enhanced its plan as necessary.A charter may be revoked if the charter school has not fulfilled any conditions imposed by the board in connection with the grant of the charter or the school has violated any provision of its charter.
Citations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 71 § 89
|Michigan||Yes. Procedures and grounds for revoking a contract must be outlined in the school's charter. These grounds also include: |
Standards for renewal are required to include increases in academic achievement for all groups of pupils as measured by assessments and other objective criteria as the most important factor in the decision of whether or not to renew the contract.In addition, except for alternative schools that are serving a special population, a charter school's contract will be revoked at the end of a school year if the charter school has been among the lowest achieving public schools in the statefor the last 3 consecutive years, and the school has been operating for at least 4 years. Closure would occur at the end of the current school year. Unless prohibited by statute, an authorizing body may consider and take corrective measures to avoid contract revocation. An authorizing body may reconstitute the public school academy in a final attempt to improve student educational performance or to avoid interruptions of the educational process.
Citations: Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.507; Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.503
|Minnesota||Yes. An authorizer may terminate or not renew a charter school contract because of: |
The commissioner of education may terminate a school's contract if the charter school has a history of:
Citations: Minn. Stat. Ann, § 124E.10
|Mississippi||Yes. State law specifies that a charter contract must be revoked if the charter school: |
In addition, the authorizer may not renew the charter of any charter school that receives "F" designation during the school's final operating year under the contract terms.
Citations: Miss. Code Ann. § 37-28-33
|Missouri||Yes. Authorizers must intervene in charter schools if the following occurs: |
A sponsor must revoke a charter or take other remedial action (including probationary status) if the charter school commits a serious breach of one or more provisions of its charter or on any of the following grounds:
Citations: Mo. Ann. Stat. § 160.405
|Nevada||Yes. The sponsor of a charter school must revoke or terminate the charter contract or restart the charter school under a new contract if the charter school received 3 annual performance ratings in the lowest category in any period of 5 consecutive years.|
An authorizer may revoke or terminate a contract before its expiration or reconstitute a charter school's governing board if the authorize determines the following:
In such cases, the authorizer must hold a public hearing on the action. Governing boards may not be reconstituted if they have been previously reconstituted.
Citations: Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 388A.300; Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 338A.330
|New Hampshire||Yes. By the end of its contract year the charter school must meet or exceed the objective academic test results or standards and goals. If it fails to meet its standards and goals, it is not eligible for renewal. A charter may be revoked if the school: |
Any parent of a student attending the charter school or the school district in which the charter school is located may submit a request to the state board of education to have a charter school's charter revoked. Prior to revoking the charter, the state board may place the school on probationary status. The state board must provide reasonable notice prior to revoking a charter.The state board may immediately revoke a school's charter in circumstances posing extraordinary risk of harm to students.
Citations: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 194-B:16
|New Jersey||Yes. A charter may be revoked for failure to fulfill any condition imposed by the state commissioner of education in connection with the granting of the charter or violation of any provision of its charter. The commissioner may place charter schools on probation and must develop procedures and guidelines for renewing and revoking a school's charter.|
Citations: N.J. Stat. Ann. § 18A:36A-17
|New Mexico||Yes. A charter renewal application may be denied or a charter may be revoked, if the local school board determines that the charter school: |
Charter School Districts: The department of education may deny renewal, revoke the charter, or place the district on probationary status if the department finds the district is not in compliance with its charter or applicable state or federal rules, or if the district is not in the best interests of the students.
Citations: N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-8B-12, N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-8E-7
|New York||Yes. A charter may be terminated or non-renewed for the following reasons: |
Citations: N.Y. Educ. Law § 2855
|North Carolina||Yes. The state board may terminate, not renew or seek applicants to assume the charter through a competitive bid process on any of the following grounds: |
The state board may not close a charter school solely for being low performing if the school has met growth in each of the 3 immediately preceding school years or if the school has implemented a strategic improvement plan approved by the state board and is making measurable progress.
Citations: N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-218.95
|Ohio||Yes. An authorizer may choose not to renew a contract or terminate the contract prior to its expiration for the following reasons: |
Low-performing charter schools that meet certain criteria - such as receiving an 'F' grade under the state's accountability system and not meeting the state's annual measurable objectives - must be permanently closed at the conclusion of the school year.
Authorizers may also terminate a charter school's contract if it has been suspended for not complying with health and safety standards. Finally, authorizers may suspend a charter school's contract in lieu of termination.In lieu of terminating or suspending a contract, the sponsor may place the charter school on probationary status for the remainder of the school year. The sponsor will monitor the actions taken by the school's governing authority to remedy the situation and may take steps to suspend or terminate the contract if the governing authority is not willing or able to remedy the conditions.
Citations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.03, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.07, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.072, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.073, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.35
|Oklahoma||Yes. A charter school authorizer may deny a request for renewal if it determines the charter school has failed to complete the obligations of the contract or comply with the provisions of the state's charter schools law. A charter school authorizer may terminate a contract during the term of the contract for failing to meet student performance requirements in the contract, failing to meet the standards of fiscal management, violations of the law, or other good cause. When making decisions about charter nonrenewal or termination, authorizers must consider the percentage of at-risk students enrolled in the school. |
An authorizer may close a charter school with performance levels in the bottom 5% of all public schools. If a sponsor decides not to close a school in the bottom 5%, the sponsor must appear before the state board of education and give support for that decision and the state board will uphold or overturn the decision. A charter school closed for being in the bottom 5% may not be granted a charter by another sponsor. When making decisions about closing a school in the bottom 5%, the state board must consider all of the following:
Citations: Okla. Stat. tit. 70, § 3-137
|Oregon||Yes. During the term of a charter, the sponsor may terminate the charter on any of the following grounds: |
A charter may be terminated immediately if the school is endangering the health and safety of students.
Citations: Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 338.105
|Pennsylvania||Yes. During the term of the charter or at the end of the term of the charter, the local school board may choose to revoke or not to renew the charter based on any of the following: |
When a charter school located in a school district of the first class is in corrective action status and seeks renewal of its charter, if the local school board renews the charter, it may place specific conditions in the charter that require the charter school to meet specific student performance targets within stated periods of time subject to the following:
Citations: 24 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 17-1729-A
|Rhode Island||Yes. A charter may be revoked at any time if the school: |
Citations: R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16-77-5.1 R.I. Gen. Laws Ann.§ 16-77.2-4 R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16-77.3-4 R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16-77.4-4
|South Carolina||Yes. A charter must be revoked or not renewed if the authorizer determines that the charter school: |
An authorizer may also revoke any charter if the sponsor determines the school poses an imminent threat of harm to the health or safety of students based on clear and convincing data.A charter school will be automatically and permanently closed at the conclusion of the school year if the school receives the lowest performance level rating as defined by the federal accountability system for three consecutive years beginning with the 2013-2014 school year. However, automatic closure shall not apply to any charter school serving 50% or more students with disabilities or any charter school designated as an alternative education campus.
Citations: S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-110 S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-111
|Tennessee||Yes. A public charter school agreement may be revoked or denied renewal if the authorizer determines the school fails to meet the minimum performance requirements in the charter agreement. In addition, the authorizer may revoked at any time or not renewed if the authorizer determines that the school did any of the following: |
In addition, charter schools identified as priority schools may be closed at the end of the school year, and no appeal is allowed. If an authorizer decides not to close the charter school, then an improvement plan must be developed and implemented. If the school is identified as a priority school for a second consecutive year, it must be closed. This provision does not apply to charter schools in the achievement district or conversion charter schools unless they are identified as priority schools for 2 consecutive years.In the case of fraud, misappropriation of funds, flagrant disregard of the charter agreement or similar misconduct, a charter school may be closed before the end of a school year.
Citations: Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-13-122
|Texas||Yes. Open-enrollment charter schools: The state commissioner of education must revoke a charter or reconstitute the governing body if the commissioner finds that the charter holder: |
The commissioner must also revoke the charter of an open-enrollment charter school if the school has received an unacceptable performance rating for the 3 preceding school years, has received a financial accountability rating lower than satisfactory for the preceding 3 school years, or some combination of both for the preceding 3 school years.
Home-rule district charter schools: The state board of education may revoke a charter if the commissioner finds that the charter holder:
Home-rule district charters may be rescinded if the rescission is approved by a majority of qualified voters in an election with at least 25% of registered voters participating. An election may be called if the governing body of the home-rule charter receives a petition signed by at least five percent of registered voters in the district, or at least two-thirds of the membership of the governing body adopt a resolution ordering a rescission election.
Campus charter schools: The local school board may revoke a charter if the commissioner finds that the charter holder:
In addition, a campus charter school may only operate if it performs satisfactorily under the state's accountability program as outlined in its charter.For open-enrollment, campus, and home-rule district charter schools, decisions about closure must be based on the best interest of the students, the severity of the violations, any previous violations, and the school's accreditation status.
Citations: Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.115; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.063; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.054; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.059; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.027; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.028; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.030; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.0631;Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.0271;Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.1151
|Utah||Yes. A charter school authorizer may terminate a charter for any of the following reasons: |
Citations: U.C.A. 1953 § 53G-5-503
|Virginia||Yes. Local school boards may revoke a charter if the public charter school: |
Citations: Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-212.12
|Washington||Yes. A charter contract may be revoked at any time or not renewed if the authorizer determines that the charter school did any of the following or otherwise failed to comply with the provisions of charter law: |
A charter contract may not be renewed if, at the time of the renewal application, the charter school's performance falls in the bottom quartile of schools on the state's achievement index, unless the charter school demonstrates exceptional circumstances that the authorizer finds justifiable.
Citations: Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.710.200
|West Virginia||Yes. A charter may be revoked or not renewed by the authorizer if the authorizer determines that the charter school:|
Citations: W. Va. Code, § 18-5G-10
|Wisconsin||Yes. Authorizers may revoke a charter if: |
Citations: Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.40
|Wyoming||Yes. A charter may be revoked or not renewed by the authorizer if the authorizer determines that the charter school did any of the following: |
Charter must not be renewed if the authorizer determines it is not in the best interest of students in the school district to continue the operation of the charter school.
Citations: Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 21-3-309