Charter Schools: Does the state require the authorizer to report on the performance of its portfolio of schools?

Charter Schools: Does the state require the authorizer to report on the performance of its portfolio of schools?

January 2020


This resource contains information about the 45 states, plus the District of Columbia, with charter school laws. It does not contain any information for the five states that have not enacted charter school laws.
 

Does the state require the authorizer to report on the performance of its portfolio of schools?
Alabama Yes. Each individual authorizer - including the commission - must submit to the state board a publicly accessible annual report within 60 days after the end of each school fiscal year.

Citations: Ala. Code § 16-6F-6
Alaska No
Arizona Yes. Authorizers are required to submit a report to the auditor general by October 1 of each year. The report must include:
  • The number of charters authorized and the number of schools operated by the authorized charter holders.
  • The academic, financial and operational performance of the authorizer's charter portfolio as measured by the adopted performance framework.
  • The number of new charters approved and the number of charter schools closed and reason for the closure in the prior year.
  • The sponsor's application, amendment, renewal and revocation processes, charter contract template and current performance framework.


Citations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-183
Arkansas Yes. The department of education is required to conduct an annual evaluation of open-enrollment public charter schools that includes:
  • Student scores under the statewide assessment program.
  • Student attendance.
  • Student grades.
  • Incidents involving student discipline.
  • Socioeconomic data on students' families.
  • Parental satisfaction with the schools.
  • Student satisfaction with the schools.
  • The open-enrollment public charter school's compliance with reporting requirements.

The department is required to report to the General Assembly and appropriate committees annually regarding the status of programs and a summary of the authorizing activities in the previous year, including the number and type of charters approved, denied, and amended.

Citations: Ark. Code Ann. § 6-23-310; Ark. Code Ann. § 6-23-404
California No. However, authorizers are required to provide timely notification to the department if a charter is granted, denied, revoked, or will cease operation.

Citations: Cal. Educ. Code § 47604
Colorado Yes. Local board authorizers are required to annually review charter schools' performance and report to the state department. At a minimum, the review includes the charter schools' progress in meeting the objectives identified in its performance plan and the results of charter schools' most recent annual financial audit. Every 3 years, the department reports on success or failure of charters and institute charter schools, their relationship to other school reform efforts and suggested changes in state law necessary to strengthening or changing the charter school program. The charter school institute is also required to submit findings of their institute charters review and any recommendations for legislative changes. The state board is required to compile evaluations received from local boards and from evaluations of institute charter schools.

Citations: Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-109; Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-110; Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.5-113
Connecticut No. However, each year the state commissioner is required to report to the General Assembly. Such report is required to include:
  • Recommendations for any statutory changes that would facilitate expansion in the number of charter schools;
  • A compilation of school profiles;
  • An assessment of the adequacy of funding; and
  • The adequacy and availability of suitable facilities for such schools.


Citations: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-66gg
Delaware No. However, the department of education, the state board and the approving authority must conduct financial, programmatic or compliance audits of a charter school no less often than every 3 years.

Citations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 513
District of Columbia Yes. Each eligible chartering authority that issues a charter must submit an annual report to the mayor, the D.C. council, the D.C. board of education, the U.S. secretary of education, the appropriate congressional committees, and the consensus commission. The report must include data on the performance and compliance of charter schools.

Additionally, the Comptroller General of the United States must conduct a biennial management evaluation of the D.C. chartering authorities. The evaluation must include the following:

  • Establish standards to assess each authorizer's procedures and oversight quality.
  • Identify gaps in oversight and recommendations.
  • Review processes of charter school applications.
  • Extent of ongoing monitoring, technical assistance, and sanctions provided to schools.
  • Compliance with annual reporting requirements.
  • Actual budget expenditures for the preceding two fiscal years.
  • Comparison of budget expenditures with mandated responsibilities.
  • Alignment with best practices.
  • Quality and timeliness of meeting reporting requirements.


Citations: D.C. Code Ann. § 38-1802.11; D.C. Code Ann. § 38-1835.01
Florida Yes. The sponsor is required to submit an annual report to the department of education that includes all of the following information for the current and previous year:
  • The number of draft applications received.
  • The number of final applications received.
  • The date each application was approved, denied, or withdrawn.
  • The date each final contract was executed.

If a charter school falls short of performance measures included in the approved charter, the sponsor is required to report such shortcomings to the Department of Education.

Citations: Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1002.33
Georgia Yes.The state charter school commission is required to submit an annual report to the state board of education on the academic performance and fiscal responsibility of all state charter schools. However, there is no such requirement for local school board authorizers or the state board of education.

Citations: Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-2087
Hawaii Yes. Authorizers are required to prepare a performance framework for the charter schools they oversee and then provide the state board and legislature with annual performance reports on each charter school they oversee.

Citations: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302D-17
Idaho Yes. For each public charter school it oversees, the charter authorizer is responsible for analyzing and reporting all data from state assessments in accordance with the charter's performance framework. Authorized chartering entities must continually monitor the performance and legal compliance of and publish an annual performance report for each of the charter schools they oversee.

Citations: Idaho Code Ann. § 33-5209A; Idaho Code Ann. § 33-5209C
Illinois Yes. In odd-numbered years all school boards with at least one charter school and - until is is abolished in July 2020 - the state charter school commission must give the state board specific information about the performance of their charter schools. In even-numbered years, the state board of education must issue a report to the general assembly and the governor on its findings for the previous 2 school years. In the report, the state board is required to compare the performance of charter school pupils with the performance of ethnically and economically comparable groups of pupils in other public schools who are enrolled in academically comparable courses. In addition, the state board must undertake and report on periodic evaluations of charter schools that include evaluations of student academic achievement and the extent to which charter schools are accomplishing their missions and goals.

Citations: 105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 5/27A-12
Indiana Yes. An authorizer that has established a charter school shall submit an annual report to the department and the state board for informational and research purposes. The authorizer is required to make the annual report available on the authorizer's Internet web site.

Authorizers also must submit charter school annual reports to the legislative council. Information must include:

  • Proposals received.
  • Proposals accepted, including the length of time for which a charter is granted.
  • Proposals rejected, including the reasons for the rejection.
  • School goals, including educational program design, and the name and address of the education management organization operating the school and the name of the chief operating office of the education management organization, if applicable.

Charter schools are required to public an annual performance report and to report such data (attendance records, student performance data, financial information, any information necessary to comply with state and federal government requirements, and any other information specified in the charter) to the authorizer.

Charter organizers are required to publish the same school reports as other public schools.

The state board is required to provide a formal evaluation of the overall state of charter school outcomes in Indiana every 5 years.

Citations: Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-9-1; Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-2.2-8; Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-9-5; Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-9-6; Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-3-10
Iowa No. However, a charter school or innovation zone school is required to report at least annually to the school board or innovation zone consortium, advisory council, and the state board the information required by the school board or innovation zone consortium, advisory council, or the state board.

The state board must annually submit a comprehensive report to the senate and house standing committees on education. The report must include for each charter school:

  • A copy of the charter school's mission statement.
  • Attendance statistics and dropout rate.
  • Aggregate assessment scores.
  • Projections of financial stability.
  • The number and qualifications of teachers and administrators.
  • Number of and comments on supervisory visits by the department of education.


Citations: Iowa Code Ann. § 256F.10
Kansas No. However, at the end of each school year the local school board must evaluate the impact the charter school had on the school district and submit that report to the state board of education. In addition, the state board of education must review, assess and compile the evaluations of charter schools submitted by local school boards and submit the compilation of evaluations and other relevant material, including school district and state board waivers granted to each charter school, to the governor and the legislature.

Citations: Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-4212
Kentucky Yes. By August 31, 2019 and annually thereafter, each authorizer is required to submit to the commissioner of education, the secretary of the education and workforce development cabinet, and the interim joint committee on education a report to include:
  • The names of each public charter school operating under contract with the authorizer during the previous academic year that closed during or after the academic year or had the contract nonrenewed or revoked.
  • The names of each school operating under contract with the authorizer during the previous academic year that have not yet begun to operate.
  • The number of applications received, the number reviewed, and the number approved.
  • A summary of the academic and financial performance of each school operated under contract with the authorizer during the previous academic year.
  • The authorizing duties and functions performed by the authorizer during the previous academic year.


Citations: Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 160.1596
Louisiana Yes. Each chartering authority is required to report to the state board on the number of schools chartered, the status of those schools, and any recommendations by July first of each year.

Citations: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:3998
Maine Yes. Authorizers are required to submit a yearly report to the commissioner and the legislature summarizing:
  • The authorizer's strategic vision for chartering and progress toward achieving that vision.
  • The performance of all operating public charter schools overseen by the authorizer, according to the performance measures and expectations specified in the charter contracts.
  • The status of the authorizer's public charter school portfolio of approved charter applications, identifying all public charter schools within that portfolio as:
    • Approved, but not yet open.
    • Operating.
    • Renewed.
    • Transferred.
    • Terminated.
    • Closed.
    • Never opened.
  • The oversight and services provided by the authorizer.
  • The total amount of funds collected from each public charter school the authorizer authorized and the costs incurred by the authorizer to oversee each public charter school.


Citations: Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. 20-A § 2405
Maryland No. However, each county board must develop a charter school policy which includes guidelines and procedures on the evaluation, reporting requirements and audit of charter schools.

Citations: Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 9-110
Massachusetts No. However, each charter school is required to submit an annual report to the board, the local school committee (school board), each parent or guardian of its enrolled students and each parent or guardian contemplating enrollment in that charter school. The annual report is required to be in whatever form the board prescribes and to include, but not be limited to:
  • Discussion of progress made toward the achievement of the goals set forth in the charter.
  • A financial statement setting forth by appropriate categories the revenue and expenditures for the year just ended and a balance sheet setting forth the charter school's assets, liabilities and fund balances or equities.


Citations: Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 71, § 89
Michigan No. However, a charter school's board of directors must publicly disclose all of the information that schools districts are required to disclose by law, including the annual report educational management organizations are required to provide to the local board of directors.

Citations: Mich. Comp. Laws § 380.503c
Minnesota Yes. Authorizers must submit an annual public report with various key performance indicators. In addition, authorizers must submit a yearly statement of income and expenditures to the commissioner of education.

Citations: Minn. Stat. Ann. § 124E.05, § 124E.16
Mississippi Yes. The Mississippi Charter School Authorizer Board must provide an annual report on the state's charter schools to the governor, legislature, state board of education, and public.

Citations: Miss. Code Ann. § 37-28-37
Missouri Yes, but only if the authorizer receives funds from the department of education to defray authorizing expenses. These authorizers must submit an annual report to the joint committee on education demonstrating compliance with state authorizing standards.

Citations: Mo. Ann. Stat. § 160.400
Nevada Yes. Authorizers must submit an annual report to the department of education. The department must submit an authorizer report to the state board for review.

Citations: Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 388A.351
New Hampshire No. However, the state board of education makes recommendations regarding the implementation and effectiveness of charter schools to a joint legislative oversight committee, which meets annually to monitor compliance with charter school laws.

Citations: N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 194-B:17, N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 194-B:21
New Jersey No. However, the state commissioner of education must annually assess whether each charter school is meeting the goals of its charter.

Citations: N.J. Stat. Ann. § 18A:36A-16
New Mexico Yes.

Charter School Districts: The department of education and each charter school district must provide an annual report to the governor and the legislative education study committee.

Citations: N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-8B-12, N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-8E-8
New York Yes. The state board of regents is required to submit an annual report to the governor, the temporary president of the senate and the speaker of the assembly. The report must include:
  • The number of schools and a brief description of new schools, including the number of charter schools closed during the previous year and the reasons.
  • Current and projected progress and the fiscal impact on delivery of services by districts with similar characteristics.
  • Academic progress of students attending charter schools, as measured against comparable public and nonpublic schools with similar student population characteristics.
  • A list of other actions taken, and any other information.


Citations: N.Y. Educ. Law § 2857
North Carolina Yes. The board is required to review and evaluate the educational effectiveness of charter schools in the state and their effect on the public schools in the school district in which the charter school is located, then report annually to the Joint Legislative Education Oversight Committee on the following:
  • The current and projected impact of charter schools on the delivery of services by the public schools.
  • Student academic progress as measured, where available, against the academic year immediately preceding the first academic year of the charter schools' operation.
  • Best practices resulting from charter school operations.
  • Other information the state board considers appropriate.


Citations: N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-218.110
Ohio Yes, but authorizers report to the department of education and the department issues an annual performance report. Each authorizer must submit an annual report to the department of education with academic performance, fiscal performance, organization, and operational information about the charter schools it oversees, plus information about the authorizer's financial situation.

The department of education must issue an annual report regarding the effectiveness of academic programs, operations and legal compliance of all charter schools, and on the performance of charter school authorizers. The report is issued to the governor, the speaker of the house of representatives, the president of the senate, and the chairpersons of the house and senate education committees. In addition, the department of education must publish various information on its website, including information about authorizers' and charter schools' ratings, school closing, charter school applications, and so on.

Beginning with the 2015-2016 school year, the department of education created an annual evaluation system that gives each sponsor an overall rating based on several components, including annual performance of students, compliance with quality authorizing practices outlined in statute, and compliance with applicable policies.

Citations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.015, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.016, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.025, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.03, Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.039
Oklahoma

No. However, the state board of education must issue an annual report to the legislature and governor outlining the status of charter schools in the state, and each charter school must annually file a report with the office of accountability providing various performance data.

Authorizers must monitor the performance and legal compliance of their charter schools. In addition, before a charter school's fourth year of operation the sponsor must provide each charter school with a school performance report and charter renewal application guidance, including notice of any weakness or concerns identified by the sponsor that may jeopardize the school's renewal.

Citations: Okla. Stat. tit. 70, § 3-143; Okla. Stat. tit. 70, § 3-137; Okla. Stat. tit. 70, § 3-134
Oregon No. However, the sponsor must visit the charter school annually and review the school's compliance with the terms and provisions of the charter.

Citations: Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 338.095
Pennsylvania No. However, the local school board is required to annually assess whether each charter school is meeting the goals of its charter and is required to conduct a comprehensive review prior to granting a 5-year renewal of the charter. The local school board has ongoing access to the records and facilities of the charter school to ensure that the charter school is in compliance with its charter and state law and that requirements for testing, civil rights and student health and safety are being met.

Citations: 24 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 17-1728-A
Rhode Island No
South Carolina No. However, sponsors collect annual reports and other information from its charter schools then submit the information to the department of education and state board of education.

Citations: S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-160; S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-55
Tennessee Yes. Each authorizer must provide the department of education and state board of education with a performance report for each charter school it oversees, plus information about the operating status of each school and the oversight and contracted services provided by the authorizer. In addition, the commissioner of education must provide an annual report on charter schools to the legislature.

Citations: Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-13-120
Texas Yes. The commissioner of education must select an authorized research organization to conduct an annual report on the performance of open-enrollment charter schools by authorizer and to compare their performance to the performance of campus charter schools and traditional public schools. In addition, the state commissioner of education should designate an impartial organization with experience in evaluating school choice programs to conduct an annual evaluation of open-enrollment charter schools.

Citations: Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.118; Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 12.1013
Utah No
Virginia No. However, the state board of education must annually report on the number of charters established and denied in the Commonwealth.

Citations: Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-212.15
Washington Yes. Each authorizer must submit an annual report to the state board of education which includes the:
  • Authorizer's progress towards achieving its strategic vision.
  • Academic and financial performance of all operating charter schools under its jurisdiction.
  • Status of schools in the authorizer's portfolio.
  • Authorizer's operating costs and expenses.
  • Services purchased from the authorizer by the charter schools under its jurisdiction.


Citations: Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.710.100
West Virginia No. However, the West Virginia Board of Education is charged with developing reporting requirements for both schools and authorizers that allow the state board to monitor performance and legal compliance.

Citations: W. Va. Code, § 18-5G-4
Wisconsin Yes. Authorizers must annually submit a report to the state superintendent that includes the academic and financial performance of each of its charter schools.

Citations: Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.40
Wyoming Yes. Each local board granting a charter must annually report to the state board on each charter school operating within the district.

Citations: Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 21-3-312


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