Does statute require or explicitly encourage additional pay for teachers <br>who work in underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas?

Does statute require or explicitly encourage additional pay for teachers
who work in underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas?

October 2019

Overview: Twenty-nine states require or explicitly encourage additional pay for teachers who work in underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas. 

Additional Information: This collection does not include pay incentives for National Board certified teachers who work in underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas. For board certification pay incentives, see here.

Does statute require or explictly encourage additional pay for teachers who work in underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas? Citations
Alabama No. N/A
Alaska No. N/A
Arizona Yes. Statute allows for additional money to be paid to schools meeting school performance criteria, a portion of which must be used for teacher compensation. Statute also allows for additional money to be paid to  schools for each student meeting college qualifying examination criteria, a portion of which must be used for teacher compensation. For both programs, the amount awarded is greater for schools with higher concentrations of free and reduced-priced lunch eligible students.  Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-249.08

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-249.06
Arkansas Yes. Statute provides that teachers in high-priority districts are entitled to a new teacher or retention bonus at the end of each school year in a high-priority district. Additionally, licensed math and science teachers teaching science, technology, engineering, and math subjects may apply for supplemental grant income. Ark. Code Ann. § 6-17-811

Ark. Code Ann. § 6-17-2703
California Yes. Statute encourages school employers to consider a salary schedule designed to compensate teachers for serving in challenging school settings and encourages public school employers to provide incentives for teachers who accept teaching assignments in areas of highest need. Cal. Educ. Code Ann. § 45028
Colorado Yes. Statute establishes a competitive grant program to support school districts' development of an alternative teacher compensation plan. The plan may include strategies for recruiting and supporting highly effective teachers in struggling schools and in subject areas that are difficult to staff. Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-69-101
Connecticut No. N/A
Delaware No. N/A
District of Columbia No. However, the District of Columbia Public Schools administers IMPACTplus, which offers additional bonuses to teachers rated highly-effective in high-poverty schools. IMPACT - The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel
Florida Yes. Statute requires districts to provide salary supplements to teachers in Title I schools and to certified teachers in critical shortage areas. Additionally, a teacher with a valid computer science certificate receives a $1,000 annual bonus following each school year teaching a computer science course, and a teacher with a valid industry certification receives a $500 bonus for each school year teaching a course in that industry. Statute also provides that newly hired certified teachers who are content experts in mathematics, science, computer science, reading, or civics are eligible for a one-time recruitment incentive. Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1012.22

Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1007.2616

Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1012.731
Georgia Yes. Statute permits districts to consider the subject matter and grade taught when supplementing teacher salaries. Secondary math and science teachers are compensated at the level of an educator with six years of teaching experience on the state salary schedule. Following five years of service, these teachers are awarded an additional year of credit on the salary schedule. Additionally, kindergarten and elementary teachers who receive an endorsement in math or science receive a $1,000 stipend for each endorsement. Ga. Code Ann., § 20-2-212

Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-212.5
Hawaii Yes. Statute provides that teachers in "limited environment" schools and teachers in vocational agricultural, technical and Hawaiian language subjects may receive additional benefits. Statute also permits districts to award incentive packages to teachers to encourage retention in high turnover schools. Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 302A-632

Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 302A-630

Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 302A-701
Idaho No. N/A
Illinois No. N/A
Indiana Yes. Statute permits districts to provide supplemental payments to special education, STEM or career technical education teachers. Elementary teachers who earn a master's degree in math, reading, or literacy are also eligible for supplemental payments. Supplements may be based in part on the academic needs of students in the district. Ind. Code Ann. § 20-28-9-1.5
Iowa Yes. Iowa provides state supplemental assistance for high-need schools, which may be used to supplement teacher salaries. ICA § 284.11

ICA § 284.13
Kansas No. N/A
Kentucky Yes. Statute permits districts to supplement teacher salaries in schools identified by the department of education as being in targeted or comprehensive support and improvement status. Additionally, statute permits districts to offer differentiated compensation plans to recruit teachers to critical shortage areas, reduce the number of emergency certified teachers employed by the school, and fill hard-to-staff positions. The department of education is charged with administering grants from the professional compensation fund to support the development of differentiated compensation plans. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 157.390 

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 157.390
Louisiana Yes. School districts and governing authorities are required to develop a salary schedule that accounts for high-demand positions in certain subject areas and hard-to-staff schools. In addition, the Critical Teacher Shortage Incentive Program provides a $3,000 salary supplement for newly certified teachers who agree to teach mathematics, biology, chemistry, physics, or special education for their first four years in the classroom. The Teach Louisiana First Program provides incentive payments to highly-qualified teachers who teach a core subject in a low-performing school. The Qualified Teachers' Incentive Program offers incentives to teachers who agree to teach in a low-performing public school located in a disadvantaged and underserved geographical area of the state. Teachers of "exceptional students" may also be paid an amount equal to their base pay plus ten percent. La. Stat. Ann. § 17:418

La. Stat. Ann. R.S. §17:427.2

La. Stat. Ann. § 17:427.3

La. Stat. Ann. § 17:427.5

La. Stat. Ann. 17:427
Maine No. N/A
Maryland Yes. Statute requires the state board to administer a program to support locally-developed incentive programs for highly effective teachers in low-performing schools, Title I schools, and schools with a high percentage of students who qualify for free and reduced-price lunch. MD Code, Education, § 6-306
Massachusetts Yes. Statute permits districts to offer differential pay in chronically underperforming schools. Statute also creates to Teacher Signing Bonus Program and permits the department of education to target awards to attract teachers to core subject matter areas demonstrating the greatest need. M.G.L.A. 69 § 1J

Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 15A, § 19B 
Michigan No. N/A
Minnesota Yes. Statute provides that alternative teacher pay system agreements between districts and teachers may include a hiring bonus or other added compensation for teachers identified as highly effective, teachers qualified for high-need or hard-to-fill positions and teachers in hard-to-staff schools including those identified as high-poverty, geographically isolated, or low-performing. M.S.A. § 122A.414
Mississippi Yes. Participants in the Teacher Scholars Program who are employed at a school rated “D” or “F” are entitled to a teacher salary supplement of $6,000 for up to five years, in addition to loan forgiveness. Miss. Code. Ann. § 37-106-37
Missouri Yes. Statute requires schools identified as "academically deficient" (a graduation rate below 65 percent) to implement an incentive program for effective teachers. V.A.M.S. 160.540
Montana No. Although school districts are required to establish a school flexibility fund, which may be used for salary incentives and bonuses, the use of these funds is not limited to specific hard-to-staff schools or subject areas. MCA 20-9-543
Nebraska No. N/A
Nevada Yes. Statute requires districts to establish an incentive pay program to, among other things, recruit and retain experienced teachers in at-risk schools and in STEM, Special Education and English Language subjects.  Salary incentives are capped at $3,500 annually for each qualified teacher. In addition, the legislature appropriated funds in 2019 to provide salary incentives for teachers in Title I schools and schools designated as underperforming.  Nevada Revised Statutes 388G.400

Nevada Revised Statutes 391A.400

AB 196 (2019)
New Hampshire No. N/A
New Jersey No. N/A
New Mexico No. N/A
New York Yes. The Teachers of Tomorrow Recruitment and Retention Program provides  salary supplements in the amount of $3,400 for qualified individuals who teach in a shortage area. The supplement is renewable for three years. Education Law § 3612
North Carolina No. However, the legislature appropriated funds in 2019 to provide salary supplements for highly qualified North Carolina educator preparation program graduates who teach in low-performing schools or in a STEM field following certification. HB 966 (2019)
North Dakota Yes. Statute provides that if after the conclusion of a school calendar year a vacant teaching position has not been filled with a qualified applicant, the local school board may increase the offered compensation in order to fill the position. NDCC, 15.1-16-21
Ohio Yes. To be eligible for state grants that may be used to fund financial incentives for attracting math, science and special education teachers, schools must be considered hard-to-staff. R.C. § 3319.57
Oklahoma Yes. Districts are encouraged to provide compensation schedules to reflect district policies and circumstances, including differential pay for different subject areas and special incentives for teachers in districts with specific geographical attributes. Statute also provides that certified special education teachers must be paid five percent above the "prevailing" wage paid to teachers in the same school district. In addition, the Mathematics or Science Teacher Shortage Employment Incentive Program provides employment incentive payments to individuals who enrolled in a major course of study in mathematics or science at the undergraduate level or graduate level, declared an intention to teach and who subsequently teach in a secondary level public school of the state for a minimum of five years in  mathematics or science. Employment incentive payments that are not used to repay student loans are paid directly to the individual. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 70, § 5-141 et seq.

Okl. St. Ann. tit. 70, § 13-110

Okl. St. Ann. tit. 70, § 698.3
Oregon No. N/A
Pennsylvania No. N/A
Rhode Island No. N/A
South Carolina Yes. Statute requires that schools with a rating of below average or at-risk develop a school renewal plan that may include salary supplements for certified teachers. Teacher specialists hired as a result of the renewal plan at a school rated below-average or at-risk are eligible to receive a salary supplements equal to 50 percent of the current southeastern average teacher salary. S.C. Code Ann. § 59-18-1500

S.C. Code Ann. § 59-18-1530
South Dakota No. N/A
Tennessee Yes. Statute requires districts to implement a differentiated pay plan to aid in staffing hard to staff subject areas and schools and in hiring and retaining highly qualified teachers.  T. C. A. § 49-3-306
Texas Yes. The Teacher Incentive Allotment allocates funds to districts to increase teacher salaries in high need and rural schools. The Master Teacher Grant Program awards stipends to Master Teachers in reading, math, technology, or science who teach at a high need school and mentor other teachers. The Career to Classrooms Program provides stipends to qualified teachers in shortage areas, particularly science, mathematics, computer science, or engineering teachers. V.T.C.A., Education Code § 48.112

V.T.C.A., Education Code § 21.410

V.T.C.A., Education Code § 21.602 et seq.
Utah Yes. The Teacher Salary Supplement Program provides a salary supplement of $4,100 for qualified teachers who are employed to teach secondary-level mathematics, grade seven or eight integrated science, chemistry, physics, computer science, or special education. The Effective Teachers in High Poverty Schools Incentive Program provides funding for an annual salary bonus of $5,000 for teachers working in a high-poverty school that achieve a median growth percentile of at least 70 percent. Utah Code Ann. § 53F-2-504

Utah Code Ann. § 53F-2-513
Vermont No. N/A
Virginia Yes. The Strategic Compensation Competitive Grant Initiative awards funds to school districts for the purpose of incentivizing teaching in low-performing, hard-to-staff schools and in critical shortage subject areas. The Middle School Teacher Corps program allows local school boards to provide incentives for middle school teachers in a subject where there is a critical need. Incentives includes additional compensation, improved retirement benefits, and relocation expenses. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-318.2

VA Code Ann. § 22.1-199.1
Washington Yes. Statute permits districts to pay STEM, transitional bilingual and special education teachers a salary that exceeds the state maximum. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.400.200
West Virginia Yes. Statute permits districts to provide additional compensation to teachers in critical shortage subject areas, areas with shortages of certified teachers and teachers who teach in schools that are in remote locations or have high turnover rates. In addition, certified math teachers who provide instruction in math at least 60 percent of the time must be considered to have three additional years of experience for state salary schedule purposes. Certified, full-time special education teachers must also be considered to have three additional years of experience for state salary schedule purposes.  W. Va. Code, § 18A-4-5a

W. Va. Code Ann. § 18A-4-2
Wisconsin No. N/A
Wyoming Yes. Statute permits districts in locations with "unique circumstances" to provide additional compensation in order to employ teachers. W.S.1977 § 21-13-324

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