Does the state create opportunities for teacher residency programs through statute or regulation?

Does the state create opportunities for teacher residency programs through statute or regulation?

October 2019

Overview: Thirteen states have created opportunities for teacher residency programs through statute or regulation. 

Additional Information: For additional information about teacher residency programs, see here.  


Does the state create opportunities for teacher residency programs through statute or regulation? Citations
Alabama No. N/A
Alaska No. N/A
Arizona No. N/A
Arkansas Yes. State regulation provides that a teacher residency program may be considered as an approved program or pathway to teacher licensure. The requirements for teacher residency programs will be recommended by the Professional Licensure Standards Board, approved by the state board, and appended to the rules. Code Ark. R. 005.16.18-3-1.0
California Yes. Statute establishes the Teacher Residency Grant Program to provide one-time competitive grants to applicants to develop new, or expand existing residency programs that recruit and support the preparation of special education, bilingual education, science, technology, engineering or mathematics teachers. Cal. Educ. Code Ann. § 44415

Teacher Residency Grant Program
Colorado Yes. Statute requires the Colorado Commission on Higher Education to adopt a policy that requires each teacher candidate in an initial licensure program to complete at least one full year of supervised clinical experience. Statute also creates the Collaborative Educator Grant Program to provide funds for the development of targeted educator preparation initiatives, which may include teacher residencies, and the Teacher Residency Expansion Program and Fund to expand residency programs on a pilot basis. Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 23-1-121

Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 23-78-203

Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-60.3-102 et seq.
Connecticut No. N/A
Delaware No. However, the state legislature appropriated funds in the FY 2019-20 budget to support year-long residencies. In addition, the department of education has supported the creation or expansion of year-long residencies through its 2017 Educator Preparation Partnership Grant. FY 2019-20 Appropriations Act

Educator Preparation Partnership Grant
District of Columbia No. N/A
Florida No. N/A
Georgia No. N/A
Hawaii No. N/A
Idaho No.
Illinois Yes. Statute establishes the Alternative Educator Licensure Program for Teachers, which requires, among other things, a first year of residency. In addition, consistent with its ESSA state plan, Illinois is using state funds to support partnerships between institutions of higher education and high-need school districts to plan full-year teacher residencies through its Teacher Residency Planning Grant. 105 ILCS 5/21B-50

Illinois ESSA State Plan


Educator Effectiveness Grants

Teacher Residency Planning Grant
Indiana Yes. Statute establishes the Indiana Education Residency Pilot and the Teacher Residency Grant Pilot Program to provide funds for residency programs meeting established requirements. Ind. Code Ann. § 20-20-44-1 et. seq.

Ind. Code Ann. § 21-18-15.1-5 et seq.
Iowa Yes. Statute establishes the Teach Iowa Student Teaching Pilot to provide students in partnering institutions with a student teaching experience in one or more school districts that lasts an entire academic year. I.C.A. § 256.28
Kansas No. N/A
Kentucky No. N/A
Louisiana Yes. State regulation requires a one-year teacher residency for teacher licensure. In addition, consistent with its ESSA state plan, the state is using Title II, Part A funds, in addition to other federal and state funding sources, to support the development of residencies through its Believe and Prepare Residency Expansion Grants. La. Admin Code. tit. 28, Pt XLV, § 743

Louisiana ESSA State Plan

Believe and Prepare Residency Expansion Grants
Maine No. N/A
Maryland Yes. Statute establishes the Teacher Collaborative Grant Program to award funds to collaboratives to implement at least two of the following: 1) a 21st-century practicum for teacher candidates to gain teaching experience in the classroom; 2) a professional development program for existing teachers; and 3) a peer assistance and review program to support induction and mentroing programs and effective evaluation systems. The 21st-century practicum must require, among other things a full year of practical teaching experience and compensation for the lead teacher to supervise and coach the teacher candidate. Md. Educ. Code Ann. § 6-123

Teacher Collaborative Grant Program Request for Proposals
Massachusetts No. Massachusetts ESSA State Plan
Michigan No. The state has not created opportunities for teacher residency programs through statute or regulation. However, consistent with its ESSA state plan, Michigan is using Title II, Part A funds to expand residency programs in the state. Michigan ESSA State Plan

Title IIA(3) Improving Teacher Quality Competitive Grants Program
Minnesota Yes. Statute permits a school district with an approved teaching residency plan to hire graduates of approved preparation programs as teaching residents for no more than two school years. In addition, the legislature appropriated funds in 2018 and 2019 to support board-approved nonconventional teacher residency pilot programs through the state's Grow Your Own Grant Program. HF 2 (2019)

M.S.A. § 122A.68
Mississippi No. However, the department of education offers the Mississippi Teacher Residency, a two-year program that combines coursework and on-the-job trainings alongside an experienced teacher mentor to prepare prospective educators for the teaching profession. Mississippi Teacher Residency
Missouri No. N/A
Montana No. N/A
Nebraska No. N/A
Nevada No. N/A
New Hampshire No. N/A
New Jersey Yes. State regulation requires that, beginning in 2018-2019, teacher candidates in traditional educator preparation programs complete clinical practice during at least two semesters. The clinical practice must include at least 175 hours, in addition and prior to one full-time semester. In addition, consistent with it's ESSA state plan, New Jersey has provided guidance and support to help school districts expend Title II, Part A funds "to meet identified student needs", which may include creating a teacher residency program. N.J.A.C. 6A:9A-4.4

New Jersey ESSA State Plan

School District Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Guide
New Mexico No. The state has not created opportunities for teacher residency programs through statute or regulation. However, the state legislature appropriated funds in the FY 2019-20 budget to the department of education for a Teacher Residency Pilot. Through a competitive process, the department of education has awarded grant dollars to traditional and alternative educator preparation programs to develop residency models meeting certain requirements. 2019 General Appropriations Act

Request for Application Teacher Residency Pilot

New Mexico Public Education Department Announces Recipients of the Teacher Residency Pilot RFA
New York No. N/A
North Carolina No. N/A
North Dakota No. N/A
Ohio No. N/A
Oklahoma No. N/A
Oregon No. N/A
Pennsylvania No. The state has not created opportunities for teacher residency programs through statute or regulation. However, consistent with its ESSA state plan, Pennsylvania is using Title II, Part A funds to expand residency programs through the Innovative Teacher and Principal Residency Programs Grant. Pennsylvania State ESSA Plan

Innovative Teacher and Principal Residency Programs Grant
Rhode Island Yes. State regulation requires a one-year practical residency (or its equivalent) and a minimum of 60 hours of field experience prior to or following the one-year practical residency, for teacher certification. 200 R.I. Code R. 20-20-1.6
South Carolina No. N/A
South Dakota No. However, all of the educator preparation programs in the state's public institutions require teachers to complete a full-year clinical residency. Redesign of Teacher Education and Education Leadership Programs
Tennessee Yes. State board policy requires candidates complete one of the following four types of clinical practice requirements in order to complete an educator preparation program: 1) student teaching, 2) internship, 3) job-embedded, or 4) instructional leader internship. The internship clinical practice must be for one year, of which at least 100 days include direct teaching experiences. In addition, through a competitive grant process, the department of education awarded grant dollars through the New Teacher Residency Program to Vanderbilt University Peabody College to develop a two-part residency program. Tenn. Comp. R. & Regs. 0520-02-04-.02

Tennessee State Board Policy

Tennessee Department of Education Awards Grant for New Teacher Residency Program
Texas Yes. Statute requires the commissioner of higher education to establish a Texas Teacher Residency Program at a public institution of higher education. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. §§ 21.801 et seq.
Utah No. N/A
Vermont No. N/A
Virginia No. The state has not created opportunities for teacher residency programs through statute or regulation. However, the state legislature appropriated funds in the FY 2019-20 budget for the Teacher Residency Program and appropriated funds for Teacher Residency Partnership Grants to support a site-specific residency model program. HB 1700 (2019)
Washington No. N/A
West Virginia No. N/A
Wisconsin No. N/A
Wyoming No. N/A

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