Are kindergarten entrance assessments required?

State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies

Are kindergarten entrance assessments required?

June 2018


This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
 

Are kindergarten entrance assessments required? Citations
Alabama Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Alaska Districts must submit to the department a developmental profile for each student entering kindergarten or first grade with indicators such as: physical health, social and emotional development, cognition and general knowledge, language and literacy. 4 AAC 06.712
Arizona Districts must provide universal screenings in Pre-K and K-3 to identify students with reading deficiencies. Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 15-701
Arkansas The Department of Education shall develop guidelines for district to perform readiness testing for each child entering kindergarten. Ark. Code Ann. § 6-16-203
California Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Colorado State board must adopt school readiness assessments. Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-7-1004
Connecticut The Office of Early Childhood is responsible for developing a statewide developmentally appropriate kindergarten entrance inventory. Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-500
Delaware Kindergarten students must be administered a readiness tool and reviewed for readiness within the first 30 days of school. Del. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 151
District of Columbia Readiness evaluations must be administered for all children before entry into kindergarten. D.C. Code Ann. § 38-755.03
Florida Statewide kindergarten screening based on Pre-K performance standards is required within the first 30 school days of each year. Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1002.69
Georgia Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Hawaii Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Idaho Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Illinois The Kindergarten Individual Development Survey (KIDS) must be administered annually to each student enrolled in kindergarten. Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23, § 1.420
Indiana If a student enrolls in school and has not attended kindergarten, the superintendent shall determine if the student should enroll in first grade or kindergarten using the assessment adopted by the governing body. Ind. Code Ann. § 20-33-2-7
Iowa Districts must administer a valid and reliable universal screening instrument to every kindergarten student enrolled in the district. Iowa Code Ann. § 279.60
Kansas Not specified in statute, rules or regulations
Kentucky Each school district must administer the Common Kindergarten Entry Screening to each student entering kindergarten no later than 30 days after the start of the school year. 704 Ky. Admin. Regs. 5:070
Louisiana Every student entering kindergarten must be administered a valid and reliable readiness assessment. La. Stat. Ann. § 17:391.11
Maine Kindergarten students must be assessed at the beginning of the school year to identify students who may be exceptional or at risk of school failure. Code Me. R. tit. 05-071 Ch. 125, § 6
Maryland Each local school system must administer the department-approved kindergarten readiness assessment to a representative sample of students. Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.02-3
Massachusetts The Board of Early Education and Care is required to develop a kindergarten readiness assessment for pre-school children. Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 15D, § 3
Michigan The department shall continue to make the kindergarten entry assessment developed by the department and field tested in 2015-2016 through a pilot program available to districts in 2017-2018 Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 388.1704
Minnesota The Commissioner of Education may implement a kindergarten readiness assessment. The assessment must be based on Department of Education Kindergarten Readiness Assessment at kindergarten entrance study. Minn. Stat. Ann. § 124D.162
Mississippi All kindergarten students are required to participate in the kindergarten readiness assessment no later than 30 days after the start of the school year. Code Miss. R. 7-7*;
Miss. Code. Ann. § 37-21-11

*This citation is difficult to search for. Try "Mississippi Kindergarten Guidelines"
Missouri Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Montana Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Nebraska Each school board must approve and make available a recognized assessment procedure for determining if a child is ready for kindergarten. 92 Neb. Admin. Code Ch. 10, 004
Nevada Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
New Hampshire Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
New Jersey Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
New Mexico All students in kindergarten must be administered the New Mexico kindergarten entry assessment within the first 30 instructional days of the school year. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-13-3.2
N.M. Admin. Code 6.30.5
New York Each school district must administer diagnostic screening of all new students. N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. tit. 8, § 117.3
North Carolina All students entering kindergarten must complete a kindergarten entrance assessment within 60 days of enrollment. All students entering kindergarten must be administered a developmental screening of early language, literacy, and math skills with in 30 days of enrollment. The developmental screening instrument may be composed of subsections of the kindergarten entry assessment. N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-83.5
North Dakota Districts have the option to conduct a readiness test and formative assessments of incoming kindergarten students. N.D. Cent. Code Ann. § 15.1-21-23
Ohio Each kindergarten student must be administered the kindergarten readiness assessment provided by the state department of education between the first day of school and the first day of November. Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3301.0715
Oklahoma The State Board of Education shall develop and implement a readiness screening program for students enrolled in kindergarten. The screening must be administered prior to the student entering first grade. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 70, § 1210.282
Oregon A statewide kindergarten readiness assessment must be administered to all kindergarten students. Or. Admin. R. 581-022-2130
Pennsylvania Not specified in statute, rules or regulations. 22 Pa. Code § 4.20
22 Pa. Code § 4.21
22 Pa. Code § 4.52
Rhode Island Districts are required to screen all children prior to, or upon, their first entry into school to determining their level of educational readiness. 16 R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16-67-2
South Carolina Every student entering publically funded pre-kindergarten and kindergarten is administered a readiness assessment focused on assessing early language and literacy development, mathematical thinking, physical well-being, and social-emotional development. S.C. Code Ann. § 59-155-150
South Dakota Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Tennessee Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Texas Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Utah Local education agencies must give all kindergarten students a kindergarten entrance assessment that measures a student's literacy and numeracy skills. The assessment must be given either three weeks before or three weeks after the school year begins. Utah Admin. Code r. R277-489-3
Utah Code Ann. § 53A-3-402.9
Vermont Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Virginia Kindergarten students must be assessed in reading through either the Standards of Learning Reading test or a reading diagnostic test that meets the criteria set by the Department of Education. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:1
Washington Washington Kindergarten Inventory of Developing Skills (WAKIDS) is required at the beginning of the school year for all state funded full-day kindergarten programs. Parents and guardians must have the opportunity to excuse their child from participating in the WAKIDS. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.655.080
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.150.315
West Virginia Not specified in statute, rules or regulation.
Wisconsin Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Wyoming Each district must administer reading screening assessment to students in kindergarten through grade 3. Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 21-3-401

© 2018 by the Education Commission of the States (ECS). All rights reserved. ECS is the only nationwide, nonpartisan interstate compact devoted to education. 700 Broadway #810, Denver, CO 80203-3442

To request permission to excerpt part of this publication, either in print or electronically, please contact the Education Commission of the States’ Communications Department at 303.299.3609 or askinner@ecs.org.

Your Education Policy Team  www.ecs.org