What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3?

State Kindergarten-Through-Third-Grade Policies

What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3?

June 2018


This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
 

What are the teacher-to-student ratio requirements for grade K-3? Citations
Alabama 1:18 Ala. Admin. Code 290-5-1-.01
Alaska Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Arizona Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Arkansas 1:20 or 1:22, with aide, for kindergarten. No more than 1:23 average for grades 1-3. Code Ark. R. 005.15.2-10.02
California To avoid penalties, districts must maintain class sizes of 33 or less in kindergarten and 32 or less in grades 1-3. Grant funding is available to reduce kindergarten to 1:20 or lower and grades 1-3 to 1:25 or lower. Cal. Educ. Code § 41376, Cal. Educ. Code § 41378, Cal. Educ. Code § 54525
Colorado Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Connecticut Not specified in statute, rules, regulations. Grant funding available to reduce K-3 class sizes to 1:18. Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 10-265f
Delaware 1:22 for grades K-3. Del. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 1705A
District of Columbia Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Florida 1:18 for grades K-3. Pre-K also. Fla. Stat. Ann. § 1003.03
Georgia 1:15 for Kindergarten. 1:17 for grades 1-3 Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-161 (West)
Hawaii Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Idaho State goals are set at 1:20 for K-3. Idaho Admin. Code r. 08.02.02.110
Illinois Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Indiana Not specified in statute, rules or regulations. Ind. Code Ann. § 20-25-9-6;
Ind. Admin. Code T. 511, Art. 6.1, R. 4, Repealed
Iowa Districts are instructed to expend funds to reduce class sizes to the state goal of 1:17 for grades K-3. Iowa Code Ann. § 256D.2A
Kansas Not specified in statute, rules or regulations.
Kentucky 1:24 for grades K-3. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 157.360
Louisiana 1:20 in grades K-3. La. Stat. Ann. § 17:174
Maine 1:25 for grades K-8. Districts may adopt a program to reduce K-2 class size to a recommended ratio of 1:15 and a maximum of 1:18. Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 20-A, § 4502;
Code Me. R. tit. 05-071 Ch. 7, § 2
Maryland Not specified in statute, rules and regulations.
Massachusetts Average kindergarten class size shall not exceed 1:25. 603 Mass. Code Regs. 8.01
Michigan Not specified in statute, rules and regulations.
Minnesota Revenue must be used to reduce and maintain the district’s average class size to 1:17 in grades K-3. Minn. Stat. Ann. § 126C.12
Mississippi 1:27 for grades 1-3. Miss. Code. Ann. § 37-151-77
Missouri 1:25 with a goal of 1:17 for grades K-2; 1:27 with a goal of 1:20 for grade 3. Mo. Code Regs. Ann. tit. 5, § 20-100.255
Montana 1:20 for grades K-2. 1:28 for grade 3. Mont. Admin. R. 10.55.712
Nebraska Not specified in statute, rules or regulations. Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 79-1007.04
Nevada 1:16 for grades K-2. 1:18 for grade 3. Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 388.700
New Hampshire 1:25 maximum for grades K-2, with a goal of 1:20. 1:30 maximum for grades 3-5, with a goal of 1:25. NH ADC 306.17
New Jersey 1:25, 1:21 in K-3 Abbott Districts N.J. Admin. Code § 6A:32–8.3
New Mexico 1:15 or 2:20 with assistant for kindergarten. 1:22 average in grades one through three. 2:21 in grade one with a full-time assistant. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-10A-20
New York Not specified in statute, rule, or regulation.
North Carolina 1:18 for kindergarten. 1:16 for grade one. 1:17 for grade 2 and 3. N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 115C-301
North Dakota Not specified in statute, rule, or regulation. Repealed in 2016 N.D. Admin. Code 67-19-01-36
Ohio 1:25 for grades K-4. Ohio Admin. Code 3301-35-05
Oklahoma 1:20 or 2:29 with a full-time teacher's assistant. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 70, § 18-113.1;
Okla. Admin. Code 210:35-5-42
Oregon Not specified in statute, rules, or regulation.
Pennsylvania Not specified in statute, rules, or regulation. 22 Pa. Code § 53.26 (The code is for private academic schools. I could not find similar provisions for public schools.)
Rhode Island The ideal ratio is 1:15 as defined under the educational block grant. Grant funds under the Educational Improvement Block Grant can be used to reduce the teacher to student ratio to 1:15. 16 R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16-5-31;
16 R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 16-67-2
South Carolina Average 1:21 based on average daily enrollment in reading and mathematics class in grades K-3. Maximum 1:30 for grades K-3. S.C. Code Ann. Regs. 43-205
South Dakota Teacher ratios are set based on school district fall enrollment. There are not specific provisions for K-3 teaher-to-student ratios. S.D. Codified Laws § 13-13-10.1
Tennessee 1:25 maximum for grades K-3. 1:20 goal for grades K-3. Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-1-104
Texas 1:20 average with a maximum of 1:22 in grade K-4. Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 25.111;
Tex. Educ. Code Ann. § 25.112
Utah Not specified in statute, rules, or regulation.
Vermont Not specified in statute, rules, or regulation.
Virginia 1:24 or 2:29 with a teachers aid in kindergarten. 1:24 with no class larger than 30 students in grades 1 through 3. Funds are made available to reduce class size for schools with high or moderate concentrations of at-risk students. Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:2;
Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199.1
Washington 1:17 for an average class size in grade K-3. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.150.260
West Virginia 1:20 for kindergarten, 1:25 grades 1-6. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18-5-18a
Wisconsin Locally determined. For districts that are receiving funding for K-3 are required to reduce class size to no more than 1:18 or 2:30 with 2 regular classroom teachers. Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.43;
Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.44
Wyoming Goal of 1:16 in grades K-3. Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 21-9-101

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