Does the state have different requirements in place for experienced and inexperienced out-of-state teachers?

Teacher License Reciprocity:

Does the state have different requirements in place for experienced and inexperienced out-of-state teachers?

September 2017


Thirty-five states and the District of Columbia have established differing requirements for experienced and inexperienced teachers, limiting licensure barriers for candidates meeting established experience requirements.
 

Does the state have different requirements in place for experienced and inexperienced out-of-state teachers? Citation/Source
Alabama Yes. Out-of-state candidates who can verify three years of full-time professional educational work experience within ten years prior to applying for Alabama licensure in the certification area being sought may be exempted from assessment requirements. AL ADC 290-3-2-.20
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Alaska Yes. Inexperienced teachers who do not have a valid license in their home state must satisfy all the requirements set out in statutes and regulations for new teachers prepared in Alaska. To qualify for a professional certificate, in-state and out-of-state teachers must have had at least two years of certified employment with a public school district. 4 AK ADC 12.305
NASDTEC
Arizona No.
Arkansas Yes. Out-of-state teachers must be in good standing with their state during the most recent three years of the applicant’s teaching experience in order to receive a provisional or standard license. A.C.A. § 6-17-403
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California Yes. Out-of-states candidates must hold a professional-level credential to qualify for California teaching certification based on out-of-state certification. Candidates with intern, apprentice, or temporary/non-renewable documents or documents with requirements to complete subject matter examinations do not qualify. In order to receive a standard “clear” teaching credential, candidates must, among other requirements, provide verification of two or more years of teaching experience and show evidence of completing 150 clock hours of professional activity, earn a master's degree or higher in a field related to the credential, or complete the equivalent semester units, from a regionally accredited institution of higher education. Candidates with fewer than two years of teaching experience must complete a beginning induction program and meet other requirements to receive a standard “clear teaching credential”. West's Ann.Cal.Educ.Code § 44274.2
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Colorado Yes. Candidates with at least three years of full-time, continuous, K-12 licensed experience in a relevant content area are eligible to receive a Professional License without having to take additional assessments or complete an induction program. Candidates who meet the requirements for a license, but who have less than three years of continuous licensed experience in the relevant content area(s) receive an Initial License and must complete an approved induction program. A first-time applicant who holds a license issued by another state but who 1) does not have three-year’s experience, 2) has not demonstrated mastery via the approved content exam for the endorsement area, or 3) both, receives a one-year Interim Authorization. An interim authorization may be renewed only once. Upon successful completion of the content exam(s), an applicant may then apply for an Initial License. C.R.S.A. § 22-60.5-201
1 CO ADC 301-37
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Connecticut Yes. Out-of-state applicants who have taught under an appropriate certificate issued by another state for two or more years can be exempt from completing the beginning educator program if they document effectiveness as a teacher. To be exempted from having to take state licensure assessments, out-of-state applicants must hold a valid certificate and meet one of the following two criteria: 1.) document three years of successful, appropriate full-time teaching experience in the endorsement requested in the past ten years OR 2.) hold a master’s degree in the academic subject area for which certification is being requested. (Pedagogical degrees in the subject area, such as those for elementary education, special education or physical education, do not meet the requirements of this exemption.) Candidates who do not meet these requirements are required to take applicable state licensure assessments. C.G.S.A. § 10-145b
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Delaware Yes. Out-of-state applicants with at least one year but less than four years of licensed teaching experience are eligible for a four-year Initial license and exempt from the performance assessment, but must complete professional development and mentoring activities during the term of the license. Candidates with less than one year of licensed teaching experience are eligible for a four-year Initial License but must pass an approved performance assessment during the first two years of the license and complete professional development and mentoring activities during the term of the license in order to be eligible for a Continuing License. 14 Del. Admin. Code 1510
14 Del. Admin. Code 1511, House Substitute 1 for HB143
District of Columbia Yes. Candidates must, among other requirements, present documentation verifying two years, within the previous three years, of successful, full-time teaching experience. Candidates who can document three years, within the past seven years, of full-time licensed teaching experience must achieve a passing score on the DC basic skills and content exams, or comparable exams, but are not required to take and achieve a passing score on the pedagogy exam. Candidates who do not meet experience requirements must, among other requirements, achieve passing scores on the DC basic skills, content AND pedagogy exams, or comparable exams, in order to obtain a Standard Credential. Candidates who meet experience requirements but have not passed the pedagogy assessment, or met the requirements for assessment exemption, are eligible for an Initial Credential. Source
Florida No. West's F.S.A. § 1012.56
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Georgia Yes. Candidates with comparable professional certificates who have at least three years (within the past five years) of “acceptable” out-of-state teaching experience are eligible for a Professional Certificate. Educators with fewer than three years of acceptable experience may qualify for an initial Induction Certificate. Some assessment requirements are waived for out-of-state candidates with teaching experience. Candidates with five years full-time teaching experience are not required to take a content assessment, and candidates with at least one year of teaching experience are not required to take a content pedagogy assessment (EdTPA, or comparable assessment). GA ADC 505-2-.05
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Hawaii Yes. Candidates must provide verification of at least three out of the last five years of satisfactory full-time teaching experience in order to receive a Standard License. Candidates without this experience are eligible to receive a Provisional (three year, non-renewable) Teaching License, subject to meeting other requirements. Haw. Admin. Rules (HAR) § 8-54-9.2
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Idaho No. Out-of-state applicants with two years' teaching experience who hold a current, valid certificate in another state, and applicants without this experience but who hold an institutional recommendation from an approved certification program completed in the past two years are eligible to receive a three-year, nonrenewable Interim Certificate upon clearance of the background investigation check. Once all deficiencies noted on the interim certificate are completed, the applicant may apply for a renewable, five-year Standard Certificate. Source
Illinois Yes. Out-of-state candidates who can provide proof of one year of successful full-time teaching experience are not required to take the EdTPA to receive a Professional Educator License. Source
Indiana Yes. Years of full-time teaching experience earned in another state determine the license obtained in Indiana. Out-of-state candidates with less than three years of full-time teaching experience are eligible for an Initial Practitioner license, and candidates with more than three years of full-time teaching experience are eligible for a Practitioner license. To be eligible, candidates must have a valid teaching license in the same content area(s) for which the individual is applying and have passed a content licensure test to obtain the out-of-state license. IC 20-28-5-18
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Iowa Yes. Out-of-state candidates with less than three years of teaching experience may be eligible to receive an Initial License, valid for two years and renewable up to two times. These candidates must complete the required Iowa assessments prior to receiving a Standard License if they completed their program after January 1, 2013. Out-of-state candidates with three or more years of teaching experience on a valid license are eligible to receive a Standard License. Source
Kansas Yes. To receive an Initial License, out-of-state candidates must verify at least one year of teaching experience or eight semester hours of credit within the last six years. To receive a Professional License candidates must also verify at least three years of teaching experience within the past six years under a standard license or at least five years of teaching experience under a standard license. Candidates with at least three years of teaching experience within the past six years or five years of teaching experience total are exempted from assessment requirements and are eligible for a Professional License. Candidates not meeting experience requirements must pass content and pedagogy assessments in order to be eligible for an Initial License or content, pedagogy and performance assessments in order to be eligible for a Professional License, but comparable out-of-state assessments are accepted. Candidates not meeting licensure requirements may be eligible for a two-year exchange license, a one-year nonrenewable license if hired by a Kansas district, or a substitute license. K.A.R. 91-1-204
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Kentucky Yes. Out-of-state applicants who hold a valid certificate and who have completed two years of full-time teaching in the subject area and grade level on their certificate are exempt from testing requirements. Candidates without this experience are required to pass Praxis II Specialty Area test scores for each area of certification and the Principles of Learning and Teaching test score for appropriate grade range, unless they have National Board Certification. Source
Louisiana Yes. Candidates with a valid out-of-state teaching certificate and at least three years of "successful" teaching experience as verified by satisfactory annual evaluation results do not have to meet additional testing requirements after teaching on an Out-of-State Certificate for one year. Candidates must meet all other requirements for a Louisiana certificate, have a school district’s 1) recommendation for employment and 2) request that the teacher be granted a valid Louisiana certificate in order to receive a Professional Certificate. Source
Maine No. Although out-of-state candidates who 1) completed an approved preparation program for the endorsement or certificate sought with a formal recommendation for certification, and 2) have three years of successful teaching experience in the past five years under a valid comparable certificate in a state participating in the NASDTEC interstate agreement, are eligible to receive a Professional Teacher Certificate, candidates meeting these requirements may still be required to take additional coursework or assessments. Candidates meeting experience requirements can teach under a Conditional License while working to complete outstanding requirements. Candidates not meeting experience requirements may also be required to take additional coursework or assessments, but can also teach under a Conditional License. 20-A M.R.S.A. § 13013
LD 1569
Maryland Yes. Out-of-state candidates who have an active professional certificate from another state and three years of satisfactory full-time teaching experience within the past seven years in the subject area on their certificates are exempted from assessment requirements. Candidates who have an active or expired professional certificate from another state and two years of satisfactory full-time teaching experience are also exempted from assessment requirements but must show evidence of completing an approved educator preparation program. Candidates who graduated from an out-of-state preparation program and who hold an active, professional certificate can be exempted from additional assessment requirements if they met the issuing state’s qualifying test scores to receive certification. Candidates who graduated from an out-of-state preparation program but who do not meet experience requirements or hold an out-of-state certificate must pass basic skills, content and pedagogy assessments. COMAR 13A.12.01.04
COMAR 13A.12.01.05
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Massachusetts No. Except that candidates with at least three years of employment under a valid out-of-state license or certificate may be eligible for a Temporary License while he/she works to meet requirements for full licensure. 603 CMR 7.04
603 CMR 7.05
Michigan Yes. Candidates who have three years of successful teaching experience matching their out-of-state certificate are eligible for a Professional License and are not required to meet additional assessment requirements if they: 1) have at least eighteen semester hours in a planned program completed since the issuance of his/her initial, standard teaching certificate, and 2) hold a valid certificate from another state in the subject area(s) and grade levels for which he/she is seeking Michigan certification. Source
Minnesota Yes. Out-of-state candidates with at least two years of teaching experience in a similar licensure area are not required to meet field-specific teaching methods or student teaching requirements in order to be eligible for a Professional License. M.S.A. § 122A.23
Mississippi No.
Missouri No. However, candidates meeting experience and education level requirements may be eligible to receive a higher level certificate than candidates without this experience. Source
Montana Yes. Applicants who complete an educator preparation program in another state must show proof of five years of successful experience (defined as employment as a licensed teacher at any level within a state accredited P-12 school system, or in an educational institution for the equivalent of at least .5 FTE for a school year comparable to a 180 day school year) as documented by a recommendation from the out-of-state state accredited P-12 school employer in order to be eligible for a Standard - Class 2 License. Applicants not meeting experience requirements may be eligible to receive a Provisional - Class 5 License if they provide proof of a minimum passing score on the Praxis Subject Assessment and a current Montana address or job offer from an accredited or state-funded P-12 school in Montana. MT ADC 10.57.410
MT ADC 10.57.424
MT ADC 10.57.411
Nebraska Yes. Candidates must document recent college credits or employment experience within the past five years to receive an Initial, Standard or Professional License. To receive a Standard or Professional License, candidates must also document two years as a contractual teacher. Candidates not meeting experience requirements may be eligible to receive a Provisional license. 92 Neb. Admin. Code Chap. 21, § 005
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Nevada No.
New Hampshire Yes. Completers of state-approved educator preparation programs do not need to have teaching experience in order to be eligible for New Hampshire certification. However, out-of-state candidates who became certified through an ‘alternative route’ must document at least three years of full-time regular teaching experience under that credential in the past seven years in order to be eligible to receive an equivalent New Hampshire certificate. NH ADC ED 505.02
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New Jersey No. However, out-of-state candidates who hold a valid standard certificate issued by another state and demonstrate at least two effective years of teaching within three consecutive years of the last four calendar years, as documented by letter from applicant's supervisor or appropriate district representative may be eligible to receive a Standard Certificate.
New Mexico Yes. Out-of-state applicants with less than three years of experience may be eligible to receive a Level 1 License, applicants with three to five years of experience may be eligible to receive a Level 2 License, and applicants with at least six years of experience may be eligible to receive a Level 3 License. The requirements for each licensure level vary. Applicants with no verifiable out-of-state experience are issued a one year license. An in-state district must provide a recommendation prior to the license expiring in order for a Standard Level 1 License to be issued. The candidate must meet competency requirements within 160 days. NM ADC 6.60.4
New York Yes. Out-of-state candidates who have at least three years of “effective” teaching experience in the certification title sought within the past five years, a bachelor’s degree and who earned a 2.5 cumulative GPA or higher are not required to pass New York’s certification exams. Candidates not meeting experience requirements must pass the exams. 8 NY ADC 80-5.8
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North Carolina No. However, out-of-state candidates with three or more years of teaching experience and who meet assessment requirements or have national board certification may be eligible to receive a Continuing License. Source
North Dakota Yes. Some candidates may be eligible to submit evidence of contracted teaching experience in place of pedagogical assessment requirements. NDAC 67.1-02-02-04
Ohio Yes. Out-of-state candidates with three or more years of experience under a standard out-of-state teaching credential may be eligible to receive the five-year Professional Educator license. Candidates with less than three years of experience may be eligible to receive a four-year Resident Educator license or a One Year Out of State Educator license. Source
Oklahoma No. 70 Okl.St.Ann. § 6-190
Oregon Yes. Out-of-state candidates with five years of half-time or more teaching experience in the specific subject matter while properly licensed and endorsed in the content area requested may receive a waiver to the subject matter testing requirements if they can prove evidence of academic preparation satisfactory to the Teacher Standards and Practices Commission. Or. Admin. R. 584-220-0015
Pennsylvania Yes. Out-of-state candidates with two or more years of “satisfactory” experience may apply for comparable licensure and are only required to take the approved Pennsylvania content test. Previous employers must verify experience as satisfactory for the experience to count toward certification. Candidates who have taught for three of the past seven years may also apply for comparable licensure and are also only required to take the approved Pennsylvania content area test. Applicants not meeting experience requirements must meet additional requirements which could include: completing additional assessments, taking additional coursework, and providing proof of student teaching/practicum or one year experience on a standard out-of-state license. A temporary teaching permit, valid for one year, may be issued to educators in accordance with the current reciprocity agreement with other states, to allow the teacher to meet Pennsylvania’s requirements. 22 Pa. Code § 49.65
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Rhode Island No.
South Carolina Yes. All out-of-state candidates, regardless of experience, must submit evidence of passing the content and pedagogy assessments in their state. If no tests were required for certification in their issuing state, applicants must submit evidence of passing the approved South Carolina content assessment. Applicants with less than three years of successful teaching experience within the past seven years are eligible to receive an Initial Certificate, but must also submit evidence of passing the state’s pedagogy assessment prior to receiving a Professional Certificate. Candidates meeting experience requirements are not required to take the pedagogy assessment in order to obtain a Professional Certificate. S.C. Code Ann. Regs. 43-51
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South Dakota Yes, but not for all candidates. Candidates who have completed an alternative certification program in another state must provide verification of three years of experience within the last five years to be eligible for reciprocity. Candidates who do not meet experience requirements must meet all of the South Dakota certification requirements. In addition, candidates for a K-8 special education endorsement must have a minimum of one year of teaching experience as a secondary teacher to be eligible for reciprocity. Candidates without this experience must pass the state designated pedagogy test for the secondary level to add the K-12 special education endorsement. Source
Tennessee No. Except that candidates with at least three years of education work experience may be eligible to receive a Professional License once the educator has gained one year (10 months) of teaching experience in a Tennessee public or non-public school. Tenn. Comp. R. & Regs. 0520-02-03-.06
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Texas No.
Utah Yes. If the applicant has three or more continuous years of previous educator experience in a public or accredited private school, a Level 2 license may be issued upon the recommendation of the employing Utah local education agency after at least one year. If the applicant has less than three years of previous educator experience in a public or accredited private school, a Level 2 license may be issued following the completion of standard requirements for Level 2 licensure. A Level 1 license may be issued to a candidate with an out-of-state license if Board-approved testing has been completed and if preparations have been completed equivalent to Board-approved standards. Utah Admin. Code r. R277-502-7
Vermont No.
Virginia Yes. Applicants who hold an out-of-state license and have completed a minimum of three years of full-time successful teaching experience in a public or accredited nonpublic school are exempted from the professional teacher’s assessment requirements. Applicants with less than three years of full-time, successful teaching experience in a public or accredited nonpublic school must complete all licensure assessments prescribed by the Board of Education. 8 Va. Admin. Code 20-22-100
Washington Yes. Applicants who hold a certificate comparable to the Residency Certificate and who have practiced at the P-12 level for three of the last seven years are not required to have completed their state’s approved teacher preparation program. Applicants without this experience must meet their state’s preparation program requirements. WAC 181-79A-257
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West Virginia Yes. Applicants with permanent out-of-state licenses and the ability to verify five years of experience in the endorsement area(s) are eligible to receive a Permanent Professional Teaching Certificate. Applicants who have completed three years of successful experience in a public school within the last seven years in the area for which licensure is being sought are eligible to receive a Professional Teaching Certificate and are exempt from additional assessment requirements. Applicants with a valid out-of-state teaching license but who do not meet experience requirements may be eligible to receive a three-year, renewable Initial Professional Teaching Certificate if they meet GPA and assessment requirements. Temporary Teaching Certificates are issued to candidates working to meet requirements for full licensure. Applicants with less than five years of out-of-state teaching experience are required to complete Beginning Internship/Induction. WV ADC § 126-136-16
WV ADC § 126-136-9
W. Va. Code St. R. § 126-136-10.1
Wisconsin Yes. Under the License Based on Reciprocity Pathway, out-of-state candidates who have taught for at least one year in their sending state are eligible to receive an initial license to teach if they hold a valid license in good standing from their sending state AND they receive an offer of employment to teach in a school district in the state. The License Based on Reciprocity pathway provides for a five-year license to teach. Under the Out-of-State Pathway, applications from candidates who do not have one year of teaching experience are reviewed to determine comparability with Wisconsin preparation, testing and statutory requirements. Candidates working to meet licensure requirements may be eligible to receive a Five-Year Substitute License based on the Out-of-State License or an Emergency License or Permit. W.S.A. 118.193
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Wyoming Yes, but not for all candidates. (Only for some candidates prepared through alternative routes.) To qualify for Wyoming licensure, out-of-state applicants must demonstrate having completed either 1) a state-approved traditional route program at a regionally accredited institution of higher education, or 2) a state-approved alternative route program at a regionally accredited institution of higher education that contains all the requisite components of a state-approved traditional route program at a regionally accredited institution of higher education. Applicants prepared through alternative routes that did not contain all the requisite components of a state-approved traditional route program must have a valid, current and historical teaching license and verify three years of full-time teaching experience within the past six years, while holding full licensure or certification for each endorsement area being sought in order to obtain licensure. Candidates not meeting these requirements may be eligible to teach under an “Exception Authorization”. WY Rules and Regulations AI TSB Ch. 2 s. 6(b);
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