Civic Education Policies: State statutes (laws) that address civics, citizenship education or social studies

Civic Education Policies: State statutes (laws) that address civics, citizenship education or social studies

December 2016


Data are collected using publicly available state statute, administrative code and, in some cases, curriculum and standards frameworks. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
 

Description Citation
Alabama Core curriculum requires four years of social studies with an emphasis (among others) on history, geography, economics, and political science. Instruction materials include a history of the United States and the United States Constitution as well as The Declaration of Independence, The Emancipation Proclamation, and The Federalist Papers. Code of Ala. § 16-6B-2
Alaska N/A
Arizona The state board of education is required to prescribe competency requirements for promotion of pupils from the 3rd and 8th grades incorporating the academic standards in at least the areas of reading, writing, mathematics, science and social studies. Also requires district school boards to prescribe criteria for the promotion of pupils from grade to grade, including accomplishment of the academic standards in at least reading, writing, mathematics, science and social studies, as determined by district assessment. Other criteria may include additional measures of academic achievement and attendance.

Further, every child between 6 and 13 years mustattend a school and be provided instruction in at least the subjects of reading, grammar, mathematics, social studies and science.

Additionally, "all schools shall give instruction in the essentials, sources and history of the Constitutions of the United States and Arizona and instruction in American institutions and ideals and in the history of Arizona, including the history of Native Americans in Arizona. The instruction shall be given in accordance with the state course of study for at least one year of the common school grades and high school grades respectively."
A.R.S. § 15-701, A.R.S. § 15-710, A.R.S. § 15-802
Arkansas Students will achieve competency in … social studies, history, geography, economics, and civic education."

"A unit of Arkansas history shall be taught as a social studies subject at each elementary grade level in every public elementary school in this state, with greater emphasis at the fourth and fifth grade levels;" and "At least one (1) full semester of Arkansas history shall be taught to all students at the seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, or twelfth grade level in every public secondary school in this state."
ACA § 6-16-124

A.C.A. § 6-15-1003(a)(2)
California Social Studies is included in the adopted course of study for grades 1-6 and in the adopted course of study for grades 7-12. Studies are to draw from social science disciplines and provide a foundation for understanding the history, resources, development, and government of the State of California and the United States.

Cal Ed Code § 33540 requires the Curriculum Development and Supplemental Materials Commission to revise history-social science course requirements "to ensure that minimum standards for courses in American government and civics include sufficient attention to teaching pupils how to interact, in a practical manner, with state and local governmental agencies and representatives to solve problems and to petition for changes in laws and procedures."

Social science, history and civics textbooks adopted by the state must include, when appropriate, the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.

Instruction in the area of social sciences may include instruction on World War II and the American role in that war, as well as the Korean War and Vietnam War. "The Legislature encourages that this instruction include, but not be limited to, a component drawn from personal testimony, especially in the form of oral or video history."

Citizenship education is among possible topics to be addressed at regional conferences for educators, community-based organizations, law enforcement agencies, etc. to identify exemplary programs and techniques that have been effectively utilized to reduce school crime.
Cal Ed Code Div. 4 Part 28, Chap. 2 § 51210, Cal Ed Code Div. 4 Part 28 § 51221.3, Cal Ed Code Div. 4 Part 28 Chap. 2 § 51220, Cal Ed Code Div. 2 Part 20 Chap. 4 § 33540, Cal Ed Code Div. 1 Part 19 Chap. 2.5 § 32265, Cal Ed Code Div. 4 Part 33 Chap. 1 § 60043
Colorado Instruction in civics and the U.S. Constitution, among other things, is required for home-schooled students.

“The history and civil government of the state of Colorado shall be taught in all the public schools in the state.” Additionally, satisfactory completion of a class on the civil government of the United States and the state of Colorado is required for high school graduation.

C.R.S. 22-33-104.5(2)(d),
C.R.S. 22-1-104, C.R.S. 22-1-108
Connecticut 20 credits required for graduation, including a 0.5-credit course in civics and American government. Also allows local school boards to offer 0.5 credit in community service which may qualify for high school graduation. The service must include fifty hours of service and ten hours of related classroom instruction.
The prescribed course of study in the public schools includes "social studies, including, but not limited to, citizenship, economics, geography, government and history."

Public Act No. 03-54 establishes an official statewide student voter registration drive between January 1 and May 31. Public Act No. 03-108 allows students age 16 or 17 to work at polling places as checkers, translators and voting machine tenders.
164 Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-16b

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-221a
Delaware Requires all public and private schools to teach courses in the U.S. and state constitutions, government of Delaware and the free enterprise system beginning in the 8th grade and continuing in high school. There also may be one day a year "solely devoted to the study of the United States Constitution and the Declaration of Independence in every grade consistent with state content standards starting in first grade and continuing through 12th grade." 14 Del. C. § 4103
District of Columbia Social studies are a requirement for graduation and must include World History I & II, United States History, United States Government, and District of Columbia History Rule 5-A2203.3(b),
Florida Duties of each state instructional materials committee: When recommending instructional materials for use in the schools, each committee shall require, when appropriate to the comprehension of students, that materials for social science, history, or civics classes contain the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States. the legislature's recognition regarding teacher quality that "professional educators play an important role in shaping the future of this state and the nation by developing the knowledge and skills of our future workforce and laying the foundation for good citizenship and full participation in community and civic life."

Teachers are required to teach the history and content of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States and amendments thereto, the arguments in support of adopting our republican form of government, as they are embodied in the most important of the Federalist Papers, flag education, the elements of civil government, the history of the United States, the history of the holocaust and the history of African Americans.

Requirements for middle grades promotion include: “Three middle school or higher courses in social studies, one semester of which must include the study of state and federal government and civics education. Beginning with students entering grade 6 in the 2012-2013 school year, one of these courses must be at least a one-semester civics education course that a student successfully completes and that includes the roles and responsibilities of federal, state, and local governments; the structures and functions of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government; and the meaning and significance of historic documents, such as the Articles of Confederation, the Declaration of Independence, and the Constitution of the United States.”
Fla. Stat. § 1006.31, Fla. Stat. § 1003.42, Fla. Stat. § 1003.4156
s. 1008.22(3)(c)
Georgia Requires all schools to offer a course of study in the background, history and development of federal and state government, supplemented in each high school by a study of the local county and municipal governments; and a course of study in U.S. and Georgia history and in the essentials of the U.S. and Georgia Constitutions, including the study of American institutions and ideals. No student may receive a high school diploma without completing these courses. O.C.G.A. § 20-2-142(a
Hawaii Minimum curriculum includes each of the following core content areas: (1) Language arts; (2) Mathematics; (3) Science; and (4) Social studies." HRS §302A-321 (b)
Idaho Idaho requires instruction on the U.S. Constitution, the "proper use, display and history of and respect for the American flag," the Pledge of Allegiance, the national anthem, and the song "America." Also requires instruction in citizenship in all elementary and secondary schools. Citizenship instruction must include lessons on the role of a citizen in a constitutional republic, how laws are made, how officials are elected, and the importance of voting and of participating in government. Such instruction shall also include the importance of respecting and obeying statutes which are validly and lawfully enacted by the Idaho legislature and the congress of the United States. "The importance of students acquiring the skills to enable them to be responsible citizens of their homes, schools and communities is emphasized" as part of a thorough system of public schools.

Additionally, beginning in the 2016-2017 school year, all secondary students must demonstrate proficiency in civics by passing the U.S. Citizenship examination. Students are allowed to take the test as many times as necessary to pass.
Idaho Code § 33-1602
Illinois High school students must complete two years of social studies. Of those two years, one year must be dedicated to a history of the United States or a combination of U.S. history and American government.

"American patriotism and the principles of representative government, as enunciated in the American Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States of America and the Constitution of the State of Illinois, and the proper use and display of the American flag, shall be taught in all public schools and other educational institutions supported or maintained in whole or in part by public funds. No student shall receive a certificate of graduation without passing a satisfactory examination upon such subjects. Instruction shall be given in all such schools and institutions in the method of voting at elections by means of the Australian Ballot system and the method of the counting of votes for candidates. The Pledge of Allegiance shall be recited each school day by pupils in elementary and secondary educational institutions supported or maintained in whole or in part by public funds."
105 ILCS 5/27-22(a)(4), 105 ILCS 5/27-3
Indiana In grades 6-12, all schools must provide instruction in the Constitutions of Indiana and the U.S.

Schools are also required to offer a 1-year course in "the historical, political, civic, sociological, economic, and philosophical aspects of the constitutions of Indiana and of the United States" in order to graduate from high school.

State law also instructs schools to educate students on important historical documents to the United States including the U.S. Constitution, Indiana Constitution, Mayflower Compact, the Federalist Papers, as well as other historically relevant documents.

Schools must provide "five (5) full recitation periods of class discussion concerning the system of government in Indiana and in the United States, methods of voting, party structures, election laws, and the responsibilities of citizen participation in government and in elections" in the 2 weeks preceding each general election, to all students in grades 6-12. Also requires a 2-semester course in American history for graduation.

Additionally, students are to receive "good citizenship instruction," which includes honesty, respect for authority and property, "possessing the skills (including methods of conflict resolution) necessary to live peaceably in society and not resorting to violence to settle disputes," personal responsibility for obligations to family and community, respect for the flag and the U.S. and state constitutions, and respect for the rights of others to have their own views and religious beliefs.

Each school corporation (district) must provide instruction in a variety of subjects, including "social studies and citizenship, including the constitutions, governmental systems, and histories of Indiana and the United States."
IC 20-30-5-1, IC 20-30-5-2, IC 20-30-5-3, IC 20-30-5-4, IC 20-30-5-6, IC 20-30-5-7,
Iowa Iowa Code § 256.11 describes the educational program requirements for all schools. Social studies must be taught in grades 1-8. In grades 9-12, the program must include 5 units of social studies "including instruction in voting statutes and procedures, voter registration requirements, the use of paper ballots and voting machines in the election process, and the method of acquiring and casting an absentee ballot." All students must complete 1 unit of U.S. history and 0.5 unit of U.S. government. The U.S. government course must include the above voting procedure and study of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights.

Iowa Code § 256.37 states that Iowa's education system must be transformed, and that the system must strive to meet several goals including "Every adult Iowan must be literate and possess the knowledge and skills necessary to compete in a global economy and exercise the rights and responsibilities of citizenship."

Iowa Code § 280.9A requires local school boards to require as a condition of graduation completion of instruction in American history, U.S. and Iowa government.. School districts with high schools must offer the opportunity to register to vote to students who are at least 17 1/2 years old.

The state board of education shall, among other duties, "Adopt rules that establish a voluntary model core curriculum and requiring, beginning with the students in the 2010--2011 school year graduating class, high school graduation requirements for all students in school districts and accredited nonpublic schools that include at a minimum satisfactory completion of four years of English and language arts, three years of mathematics, three years of science, and three years of social studies. ... The core curriculum shall include social studies and twenty-first century learning skills which include but are not limited to civic literacy ..."
Iowa Code § 256.11, Iowa Code § 256.7(26), Iowa Code § 256.37, Iowa Code § 280.9A
Kansas  K.S.A. 72-1103 requires schools to provide "a complete course of instruction to all pupils, in civil government, and United States history, and in patriotism and the duties of a citizen, suitable to the elementary grades." Also requires all high schools to give a course of instruction in government and U.S. institutions, particularly the Constitution. Students may not graduate without completing such a course.

K.S.A. 72-1117 requires the state board of education to provide for a course of instruction in Kansas history and government, and that completion of this course is a requirement for high school graduation.
K.S.A. 72-1103, K.S.A. 72-1117
Kentucky The public school system "shall allow and assist all students to acquire ...knowledge to make economic, social, and political choices," "core values and qualities of good character to make moral and ethical decisions throughout his or her life," "understanding of governmental processes as they affect the community, the state, and the nation."

Social studies is included in the statewide assessment program.
KRS § 158.645, (KRS § 158.6453)
Louisiana Regular courses of study on the Constitution of the United States shall be given, beginning with the eighth grade and continuing thereafter, in all the public schools, high schools, colleges, universities and other educational institutions supported wholly or in part with the public funds of the state or of any political subdivision thereof."

High schools are required to offer a "career major" program for students who are not immediately college bound. Requirements include at least two social studies credits including one credit in U.S. History, AP U.S. History, or IB U.S. History and one credit in Civics, Government, AP U.S. Government and Politics: Comparative, or AP U.S. Government and Politics: United States.

Requirements from which charter schools are not exempted include the teaching of civics, the U.S. constitution, the Federalist Papers and the Declaration of Independence.

The Louisiana Commission on Civic Education is established. The commission's duties include developing outreach programs on the importance of understanding specific principles of democracy; identifying and providing technical assistance to civic education projects in Louisiana; building a network of civic education professionals and encouraging the expansion of civic education programs in the state.
La. R.S. 17:261, La.R.S. 17:183.3(B)(2)(d), La. R.S. 17:3996(B)(12) & (14), La. R.S. 24:971 - 974, La. R.S. 17:183.3
Maine The Learning Results include standards for instruction and graduation requirements in the social studies.

United States and Maine state history fulfills section 6209 of the learning results. "American history and civil government, including the Constitution of the United States, the Declaration of Independence, the importance of voting and the privileges and responsibilities of citizenship, must be taught in and required for graduation from all elementary and secondary schools, both public and private."
20-A, M.R.S. §6209, 20-A, M.R.S. §4706
Maryland September 17 is designated as "Constitution Day and Citizenship Day" to "help instill in students knowledge of the history, importance, and enduring meaning of the United States Constitution and of the Maryland Constitution on the citizens of the State." MD Statute § 7-116
Massachusetts The Department of Education is charged with the responsibility for leadership toward "more effective preparation for the duties of American citizenship." This section also directs the board of education to appoint a director to carry out the purposes of the section.

"In all public elementary and high schools American history and civics, including the constitution of the United States, the declaration of independence and the bill of rights, and in all public high schools the constitution of the commonwealth and local history and government,and a program relating to the flag of the United States of America, including, but not limited to, proper etiquette, the correct use and display of the flag, the importance of participation in the electoral process and the provisions of 36 U.S.C. 170 to 177, shall be taught as required subjects for the purpose of promoting civic service and a greater knowledge thereof, and of fitting the pupils, morally and intellectually, for the duties of citizenship."
Ma. Gen. Laws ch.69, §10A, Ma. Gen. Laws ch. 71 §2
Michigan State recommended model curriculum should include the study of American Government.

State assessments to high school pupils: "The purpose of the assessment under this section is to assess pupil performance in mathematics, science, social studies, and communication arts for the purpose of improving academic achievement and establishing a statewide standard of competency. The assessment under this section provides a common measure of data that will contribute to the improvement of Michigan schools' curriculum and instruction by encouraging alignment with Michigan's curriculum framework standards. These standards are based upon the expectations of what pupils should know and be able to do by the end of grade 11."

"The purpose of the Michigan merit examination is to assess pupil performance in mathematics, science, social studies, and English language arts for the purpose of improving academic achievement and establishing a statewide standard of competency. The assessment under this section provides a common measure of data that will contribute to the improvement of Michigan schools' curriculum and instruction by encouraging alignment with Michigan's curriculum framework standards and promotes pupil participation in higher level mathematics, science, social studies, and English language arts courses. These standards are based upon the expectations of what pupils should learn through high school and are aligned with national standards."

Requirement for civics course: "In all county normal schools a course of 4 term hours shall be given in civics, and in all colleges receiving public money, courses of not less than 3 semester hours, or equivalent, shall be given in political science, or in government and public administration, covering the form and functions of our federal and state governments, and of counties, cities and villages. Throughout said course the rights and responsibilities of citizenship shall be stressed. No baccalaureate degree or diploma shall be granted after June 30, 1958, to any student of such normal school or college unless such student shall have successfully completed said courses."
MCL 380.1278(2), MCL 380.1279(15), MCL 380.1279g(13), MCL 388.372
Minnesota The state mandates instruction in several subject areas, including social studies, which includes history, geography and government.

Government and citizenship are required subject areas for statewide accountability in social studies. Additionally, the state commissioner is charged as responsible for specifying rules for implementing "core academic standards in the social studies." When developing and revising standards, the state commissioner is mandated to "consider advice from ... stakeholders" including school constituents, teachers, and the business community.

The "American Heritage Education" is mandated to include grade-level instruction on: "America's founding documents, including documents that contributed to the foundation or maintenance of America's representative form of limited government, the Bill of Rights, our free-market economic system, and patriotism."

Social studies are not included in state-developed assessment, and "the commissioner must not develop statewide assessments for academic standards in social studies."

A career pathways and technical education advisory task force is established to recommend to the legislature how to structurally redesign secondary and postsecondary education to: (1) improve secondary and postsecondary outcomes for students and adult learners: (2) align secondary and postsecondary education programs serving students and adult learners; (3) align secondary and postsecondary education programs and Minnesota's workforce needs; and (4) measure and evaluate the combined efficacy of Minnesota's public K-12 and postsecondary education programs. Advisory task force members, in preparing these recommendations, must at least consider how to: "(8) provide graduates of two-year and four-year postsecondary institutions with the foundational skills needed for civic engagement, ongoing employment, and continuous learning." (2013 Minn. Laws 116)
Minn. Stat. § 120A.22(e)(9), Minn. Stat. § 120B.235, Minn. Stat. § 120B.021, Minn. Stat. § 120B.30
Mississippi A course of study concerning the flags of the U.S. and Mississippi is required. "There also shall be taught in the public schools the duties and obligations of citizenship, patriotism, Americanism and respect for and obedience to law." Miss. Code Ann. § 37-13-5
Missouri N/A
Montana It is the goal of the legislature that Montana's public elementary and secondary school system, in cooperation with parents or guardians, create a learning environment for each student that: ...(4) develops a sense of personal and civic responsibility; (5) provides an in-depth understanding of the American political, social, and economic systems and the historical context from which they arose; (6) provides familiarization with political, social, and economic systems found elsewhere in the world." (Mont. Code Ann. § 20-1-102)
Nebraska School boards are directed to establish committees on Americanism to approve texts appropriate for teaching U.S. history and civil government. This statute also requires "In at least two grades of every high school, at least three periods per week shall be devoted to the teaching of civics, during which courses specific attention shall be given to the following matters: (a) The United States Constitution and the Constitution of Nebraska; (b) The benefits and advantages of our form of government and the dangers and fallacies of Nazism, Communism, and similar ideologies; and (c) The duties of citizenship, including active participation in the improvement of a citizen's community, state, country, and world and the value and practice of civil discourse between opposing interests." Neb. Rev. Stat. § 79-724
Nevada Instruction in American government is required, to include ,"without limitation," the "Essentials of the: (1) Constitution of the United States, including, without limitation, the Bill of Rights; (2) Constitution of the State of Nevada; and (3) Declaration of Independence; (b) Origin and history of the Constitutions; (c) Study of and devotion to American institutions and ideals, and (d) civics." Except as provided elsewhere, instruction must be provided for one year in elementary school and one year in high school.

Instruction in American history "for a period of at least 1 year" is required, to include, "without limitation," the "history of the: 1. Constitution of the United States, including, without limitation, the Bill of Rights; 2. State of Nevada, including, without limitation, the Constitution of the State of Nevada; and 3. Declaration of Independence." Must be taught in all of the public schools in the State of Nevada for at least one year.
Nev. Rev. Stat. 389.054, NRS 389.057
New Hampshire Instruction in National and State History and Government. – In all public and private schools in the state there shall be given regular courses of instruction in the history, government and constitutions of the United States and New Hampshire, including the organization and operation of New Hampshire municipal, county and state government and of the federal government. Such instruction shall begin not later than the opening of the eighth grade and shall continue in high school as an identifiable component of a year's course in the history and government of the United States and New Hampshire."

Students will take “a locally developed competency assessment of United States government and civics that includes, but is not limited to, the nature, purpose, structure, function, and history of the United States government, the rights and responsibilities of citizens, and noteworthy government and civic leaders, shall be administered to students as part of the high school course in history and government of the United States and New Hampshire. Students who attain a passing grade on the competency assessment shall be eligible for a certificate issued by the school district. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) test may be used to satisfy the requirement of this paragraph.

"The state board of education is hereby directed to distribute copies of the state constitution and election laws to all teachers of history and civics in the upper grades of elementary schools and to teachers of United States history in junior and senior high schools to be used by them in instructing their pupils relative to the laws governing election and voting."

Criteria for an adequate education shall include, among others, "Knowledge of civics and government, economics, geography, and history to enable them to participate in the democratic process and to make informed choices as responsible citizens."
NH RSA §189:11, NH RSA §189:23, NH RSA §193-E:2
New Jersey A 2-year course of study in history is mandated for all students. "Such course of study shall include instruction in (1) The principles and ideals of the American form of representative government as expressed in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States and particularly in the Bill of Rights; and (2) The history of the origin and growth of the social, economic and cultural development of the United States, of American family life and of the high standard of living and other privileges enjoyed by the citizens of the United States; and (3) Such other events in the history of the United States as will tend to instill, into every girl and boy, a determination to preserve these principles and ideals as those of citizens of the United States and an appreciation of their solemn duty and obligation to exercise the privilege of the ballot, upon their reaching voting age, to the end that said principles and ideals may be so preserved; and (4) The history of the State of New Jersey."

Local school boards shall provide a voter registration form, a summary of eligibility requirements, and material describing the role of the citizen and the importance of voting prior to graduation.

"Regular courses of instruction in the Constitution of the United States shall be given in all public schools and in all private schools ..."

Local school boards must "adopt a course of study in community civics, the geography, history and civics of New Jersey, and the privileges and responsibilities of citizenship as they relate to community and national welfare, which course shall be taken by all pupils in the public elementary schools in the grade or grades in which it is given, with the object of producing the highest type of patriotic citizenship."

"The State Department of Education shall prepare curriculum guidelines for the teaching of civics which may be used by local school boards in fulfilling the requirements" of the 2-year course of study in history mandated for all students in
N.J. Stat. § 18A:35- 2, N.J. Stat. §18A:36-27, N.J. Stat. § 18A:6-3, N.J. Stat. § 18A:35-3, N.J.S. 18A:35-1
New Mexico In all first, second and third grade classes instruction that meets content and performance standards shall be provided in science, social studies, physical education and health education. In fourth through eighth grades, instruction that meets academic content and performance standards shall be provided in ... social studies, New Mexico history, United States history and geography." NMSA §22-13-1-C and D
New York Instruction in civics is required as part of the public school course of study.

"The regents shall ensure that the course of instruction in grades kindergarten through twelve includes a component on civility, citizenship and character education." The program is meant to "instruct students on the principles of honesty, tolerance, personal responsibility, respect for others, observance of laws and rules, courtesy, dignity and other traits which will enhance the quality of their experiences in, and contributions to, the community."
NY CLS Educ §3204.3, NY CLS § 801-a
North Carolina Establishes power of State Board of Education to develop content standards, including for civics.

"Local boards of education shall provide for efficient teaching at appropriate grade levels of all materials set forth in the standard course of study, including integrated instruction in the areas of citizenship in the United States of America, government of the State of North Carolina, [and] government of the United States ..."

"Local boards of education shall require during the high school years the teaching of the nation's founding and related documents, which shall include at least the major principles in the Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution and its amendments, and the most important of the Federalist Papers."

"The State Board of Education shall modify the high school social studies curriculum to include instruction in civic and citizenship education. The State Board of Education is strongly encouraged to include, at a minimum, the following components in the high school civic and citizenship education curriculum: a. That students write to a local, State, or federal elected official about an issue that is important to them; b. Instruction on the importance of voting and otherwise participating in the democratic process; c. Information about current events and governmental structure; and d. Information about the democratic process and how laws are made."

"All high schools and middle schools shall be encouraged to have elected student councils through which students have input into policies and decisions that affect them. ... The purpose of these student councils is to build civic skills and attitudes such as participation in elections, discussion and debate of issues, and collaborative decision making."

"Local school boards are encouraged to provide instruction on service to others, including service-learning."All schools are encouraged to provide opportunities for student involvement in community service or service-learning projects. Finally, instruction in good citizenship, described as "[o]beying the laws of the nation and this state; abiding by school rules; and understanding the rights and responsibilities of a member of a republic," is encouraged.
NC ST § 115C-12(9)(c), N.C. Gen. Stat. §115C.81.c, N.C. Gen. Stat. §115C.81.g.1, N.C. Gen. Stat. §115C.81.g1.1, N.C. Gen. Stat. §115C.81.g2, and N.C. Gen. Stat. §115C.81.h1
North Dakota N/A
Ohio Student education shall include geography and history of the United States and Ohio, as well as studies on national, state, and local government in the United States

" ... every school or school district shall include in the requirements for promotion from the eighth grade to the ninth grade one year's course of study of American history."
Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §3313.60.A - B
Oklahoma State law requires instruction on citizenship in the United States and the State of Oklahoma as well as the principles of democracy as they apply in the lives of citizens.

State Board of Education required to adopt subject matter standards including social studies. Standards should include instruction in civics, United States government, Oklahoma government, and history.

Board is also required to develop and administer criterion-referenced tests that include social studies. Tests should consist of history, Constitution and government of the United States, and geography.

Enhanced understanding of community and citizenship is one of the goals set forth in the Oklahoma Youth Community Services Act.
70 O.S. §1210.508, 70 O.S. § 70-11-103.6, 70 O.S. §11-108
Oregon In addition to providing for rigorous academic content standards and instruction in civics, among other subjects, the public school system is characterized as providing "students an educational background to the end that they will function successfully in a constitutional republic, a participatory democracy and a multicultural nation and world;" and providing "students with the knowledge and skills that will provide the opportunities to succeed in the world of work, as members of families and as citizens." ORS 329.025
Pennsylvania Civics is a mandated subject that must be taught at the elementary level in all public and non-public schools.

The character education curriculum includes "Citizenship, including love of country, concern for the common good, respect for authority and the law and community mindedness."

Courses of study include social studies. "During grades seven through twelve inclusive, there shall be included at least four semesters or equivalent study in the history and government of that portion of America which has become the United States of America, and of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, of such nature, kind or quality, as to have for its purpose the developing, teaching and presentation of the principles and ideals of the American republican representative form of government, as portrayed and experienced by the acts and policies of the framers of the Declaration of Independence and framers of the Constitution of the United States and the Bill of Rights. The study of the history of the United States, including the study of the Constitution of the United States and the study of the history and Constitution of this Commonwealth, ... Such instruction shall have for its purpose also the instilling into every boy and girl who comes out of our public, private and parochial schools their solemn duty and obligation to exercise intelligently their voting privilege and to understand the advantages of the American republican form of government as compared with various other forms of government."

Home education programs must meet state requirements and include courses in civics at both elementary and secondary levels. Three years of social studies is mandated for graduation from home education programs.
24 P.S. § 15-1511,24 P.S. § 15-1501-E - § 15-1506-E, 24 P.S. § 16-1605(a), and 24 P.S. § 13-1327.1(c)(1)
Rhode Island The Rhode Island Permanent Commission on Civic Education is empowered "to appoint committees to study specialized areas of concern and to report their findings and recommendations to the commission," legislators and the commissioner of elementary and secondary education. "Civic education" is defined as "the goal of education in civic and government is informed, responsible participation in political life by competent citizens committed to the fundamental values and principles on American constitutional democracy. Their effective and responsible participation requires the acquisition of a body of knowledge and of intellectual and participatory skills. Effective and responsible participation also is furthered by development of certain dispositions or traits of character that enhance the individual's capacity to participate in the political process and contribute to the healthy functioning of the political system and improvement of society."

"A high quality program of social studies fosters life long participation in civic life and social action that leads to effective and productive citizenship in a world that is culturally diverse and interdependent. It fosters the ability to apply inquiry processes and to employ the skills of data collection and analysis, collaboration, decision-making, and problem solving. The social studies subject area includes the following social sciences: history and historical thinking skills, geography, economics, political science/government, civics, sociology, and anthropology." Requirements for the Basic Education Program include specifications for a coherent and coordinated K-12 social studies curriculum.
R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-2.1-2, § 16-2.1-3, G-13-1.3.3
South Carolina Instruction in essentials of the Constitution is required to be given for at least one year of high school. S.C. Code Ann. §59-29-130
South Dakota In all public and nonpublic schools located within the state there shall be given regular courses of instruction in the Constitutions of the United States and the State of South Dakota. Such instruction shall begin not later than the opening of the eighth grade and shall continue in the high school to an extent to be determined by the South Dakota Board of Education."

"Unless the governing body elects, by resolution, effective for not less than one or more than four school terms, to do otherwise, character development instruction shall be given in all public and nonpublic elementary and secondary schools in the state to impress upon the minds of the students the importance of citizenship, patriotism, honesty, self discipline, self respect, sexual abstinence, respect for the contributions of minority and ethnic groups to the heritage of South Dakota, regard for the elderly, and respect for authority."

Content standards in social studies are required.
SDCL 13-33-4 & SDCL 13-33-6.1, SDCL 13-3-48
Tennessee “The general assembly finds that: (1) Effective and responsible participation in political life as competent citizens requires the acquisition of a body of knowledge and of intellectual and participatory skills; (2) It is essential to the future health of our republic that all citizens be knowledgeable about democratic principles and practices, including fundamental documents such as the state and federal constitutions, the Declaration of Independence, and the Gettysburg Address; (3) Individuals who have a clear and full understanding of the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a republic are more likely to exercise and defend those rights and responsibilities; and (4) Providing civic education and promoting good citizenship and understanding fundamental democratic principles should be core missions of Tennessee secondary schools.

Teachers or administrators shall not be restricted to using or reciting excerpts from listed historical documents, such as the U.S. Constitution, Pledge of Allegiance, etc.

"Every four-year high school...shall require every student to have at least one year of instruction in American history and government, preferably in the fourth year."

The Board of Education is required to ensure that the U.S. and Tennessee constitutions are taught in Tennessee public schools.

"The course of instruction in all public schools shall include character education to help each student develop positive values and improve student conduct as students learn to act in harmony with their positive values and learn to become good citizens in their schools, community and society."
Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-1028, Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-1011, Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-1202, Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-1203 and Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-1007
Texas Foundation Curriculum requirements include Social studies, consisting of Texas, U.S. and world history, government, geography and economics. A primary purpose of the public school curriculum is to "prepare thoughtful, active citizens who understand the importance of patriotism and can function productively in a free enterprise society with appreciation for the basic democratic values of our state and national heritage."

Objective 5 of the Public Education Mission and Objectives states: "Educators will prepare students to be thoughtful, active citizens who have an appreciation for the basic values of our state and national heritage and who can understand and productively function in a free enterprise society."
TEC §28.002 & TEC §4.001
Utah The Legislature recognizes that a proper understanding of American history and government is essential to good citizenship, and that the public schools are the primary public institutions charged with responsibility for assisting children and youth in gaining that understanding." Required curricula includes the study of historical documents such as the Declaration of Independence; the U.S. Constitution; the writings, speeches, documents, and proclamations of the Founders and the Presidents of the United States; Acts of Congress; and U.S. treaties.

Civic education is defined as "the cultivation of informed, responsible participation in political life by competent citizens committed to the fundamental values and principles of representative democracy in Utah and the United States." Provides legislative recognition of the fundamental civic purpose and constitutional responsibility of public education, requires civics and character education to be taught through an integrated curriculum in connection with regular school work, and consolidates requirements for the teaching of civic and character education. Listed as part of an integrated curriculum are honesty, temperance, morality, courtesy, obedience to law, respect for and an understanding of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitutions of the United States and the state of Utah, Utah history including territorial and preterritorial development to the present, the essentials and benefits of the free enterprise system, respect for parents and home, and the dignity and necessity of honest labor and other skills, habits, and qualities of character which will promote an upright and desirable citizenry and better prepare students for a richer, happier life shall be taught in connection with regular school work.

By December 30 of each year, each school district and the State Charter School Board is required to submit to the lieutenant governor and the Commission on Civic and Character Education a report summarizing how civic and character education are achieved in the school district or charter schools through an integrated school curriculum and in the regular course of school work.

Each year, the state board of education "shall report to the Education Interim Committee, on or before the October meeting, the methods used, and the results being achieved, to instruct and prepare students to become informed and responsible citizens through an integrated curriculum taught in connection with regular school work" as statutorily required.
Utah Code Ann. § 53A-13-101.4 & Utah Code Ann. § 53A-13-109
Vermont Minimum course of study includes citizenship, history, and Vermont and U.S. government. Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 16 § 906
Virginia Local school boards are required to establish a character education program with State Board of Education developed curriculum guidelines. The purpose is to "instill in students civic virtues and character traits so as to ... develop civic-minded students of high character." Character traits taught may include "citizenship, including patriotism, the Pledge of Allegiance, respect for the American flag, concern for the common good, respect for authority and the law, and community-mindedness." It continues, "This provision is intended to educate students regarding those core civic values and virtues which are efficacious to civilized society and are common to the diverse social, cultural, and religious groups of the Commonwealth."

"To increase knowledge of citizens’ rights and responsibilities thereunder and to enhance the understanding of Virginia's unique role in the history of the United States," K-12 students are required to become familiar with a number of state and national founding documents. "Emphasis shall be given to the relationship between these documents and Virginia history, and to citizenship responsibilities inherent in the rights included in these documents."
Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-208.01 & Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-201
Washington The goal of the basic education act for the schools of the state of Washington includes providing "students with the opportunity to become responsible and respectful global citizens ..." and additionally requires students to know and apply core concepts of “civics and history, including different cultures and participation in representative government…”

"The legislature finds that instruction in social studies, arts, health, and fitness is important to ensure a well-rounded and complete education. In particular, the civic mission of schools is strengthened and enhanced by comprehensive civics education and assessments. The legislature finds that effective and accountable democratic government depends upon an informed and engaged citizenry, and therefore, students should learn their rights and responsibilities as citizens, where those rights and responsibilities come from, and how to exercise them."  

According to state law, “Social studies includes history, geography, civics, economics, and social studies skills.” Further, students in either seventh or eighth grade and eleventh or twelfth grade are required to complete at least one classroom-based civics assessment each.
Rev. Code Wash. § 28A.150.210, Rev. Code Wash. § 28A.230.095 
West Virginia In all public, private, parochial and denominational schools located within this state, there shall be given prior to the completion of the eighth grade at least one year of instruction in the history of the State of West Virginia. The schools shall require regular courses of instruction by the completion of the twelfth grade in the history of the United States, in civics, in the Constitution of the United States, and in the government of the State of West Virginia for the purpose of teaching, fostering and perpetuating the ideals, principles and spirit of political and economic democracy in America and increasing the knowledge of the organization and machinery of the government of the United States and of the State of West Virginia."

The state Board of Education is required to "establish a comprehensive approach to integrate character education into school culture," functions and curriculum, and to require all P-12 public schools to integrate character education into their existing curriculum. Schools may incorporate any program that encompasses any of a series of components, including citizenship and voting.
W. Va. Code § 18-2-9(a) & W. Va. Code § 18-2-13(a-b)
Wisconsin School boards are required to provide instruction that, among other things, gives pupils an understanding of the basic workings of all levels of government, including the duties and responsibilities of citizenship, and the skills to participate in political life.  

"Beginning September 1, 1991, as part of the social studies curriculum, include instruction in the history, culture and tribal sovereignty of the federally recognized American Indian tribes and bands located in this state at least twice in the elementary grades and at least once in the high school grades." 

Any students graduating from a Wisconsin high school (starting with the class of 2017) "takes a civics test comprised of 100 questions that may be asked of an individual during the process of applying for U.S. citizenship by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services and the pupil correctly answers at least 60 of those questions."

 
Wi. Stat. § 118.01(2)c & Wi. Stat § 121.02(1)(L)4, Wi. Stat. sec. 118.33(1m)(a)1, Section 3266R
Wyoming School districts are required to provide educational programs sufficient to meet content and performance standards established by the State Board of Education for, among other things, government and civics. 

State requires all schools and colleges supported by “public funds shall give instruction in the essentials of the United States constitution and the constitution of the state of Wyoming, including the study of and devotion to American institution and ideals, and no student shall receive a high school diploma, associate degree or baccalaureate degree without satisfactorily passing an examination on the principles of the constitution of the United States and the state of Wyoming.”
WYO. STAT. ANN.§ 21-9-101, WYO. STAT. ANN. § 21-9-102

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